MedTerm - module 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 13 Deck (76):
1

adult/o

hearing

2

ot/o

ear

3

aur/o

ear

4

auricul/o

ear

5

aur/i

ear

6

or/o

ear

7

ear

organ of hearing and balance, or equilibrium

8

cerumen

earwax

9

cerumin/o

cerumen

10

meat/o

meatus

11

tympan/o

tympanic membrane

12

myring/o

ympanic membrane

13

ossicul/o

ossicle

14

staped/o

stapes

15

three small bones of the ear

malleus, incus, sapes

16

eustachian tube

auditory tube

17

labyrinth/o

bony labyrinth

18

endolymph

protein-rich fluid inside the membranous labyrinth

19

perilymph

clear fluid separating the bony labyrinth from the membranous labyrinth

20

vestibul/o

vestibule

21

cochle/o

cochlea

22

organ of Corti

sensitive receptor with hair cells that relay sound waves to auditory nerve fibers

23

otologist

physician who studies and treats disease of the ear

24

otology

diseases of the ear

25

otorhinolaryngologist; otolaryngologist

physician who studies and treats disorders of the ear, nose and throat (ENT)

26

otitis external

inflammation of the outer ear

27

myc/o

fungal

28

otomycosis

fungal infection of the ear

29

otorrhea

discharge of any sort from the ear

30

py/o

pus

31

otopyorrhea

discharge is mostly pus

32

otalgia

pain in the ear

33

-otia

ear condition

34

ceruminoma

tumor of the glands that secrete ear wax

35

acoustic neuroma

benign tumor that develops from the acoustic nerve and grows in the auditory canal

36

vertigo

a sensation of spinning or revolving; dizziness

37

otitis media

infection of the middle ear

38

cholesteatoma

cystic mass of the middle ear composed of epithelial cells and cholesterol

39

cholest/o

cholesterol

40

labyrinthitis

disorders of the inner ear

41

mastoiditis

inflammation of the mastoid bone and cells

42

otomastoiditis

both ear and mastoid bone are inflamed

43

otosclerosis

irregular ossification occurs in the ossicles of the middle ear, especially the stapes

44

Meniere's disease

aural fullness and vertigo

45

tinnitus

subjective noise such as ringing, buzzing, whistling, or clicking

46

benign parozysmal positional vertigo BPPV)

vertigo when the position of the head is changed

47

conductive hearing loss

accumulation of cerumen in the auditory canal, the presence of a foreign body in the ear, and diseases of the middle ear

48

sensorineural hearing loss

caused by disease of, or trauma to, the structures of the inner ear or to the nerve pathways leading to the brain

49

presbycusis

degenerative changes int he inner ear associated with age

50

-cusis

hearing

51

audiologist

specialist in the study of hearing, including assessment and rehabilitation

52

audiology

the study of hearing, including assessment and rehabilitation

53

otoscopy

visual inspection of the structures of the outer and middle ear

54

otoscope

hand-held, lighted magnifying device

55

salpingoscope

visual examination of the eustachian tube

56

tympanometer

used to measure hearing acuity

57

tympanometry

measurement of the movement of the tympanic membrane

58

electrocochleography

recording of the electrical activity within the cochlea in response to sound

59

-graphy

recording

60

electr/o

electrical

61

cochle/o

cochlea

62

weber tuning fork test

tuning fork is placed on the midline of the skull, assesses bone conduction of sound

63

Rinne tuning fork test

tuning fork is placed alternately near the auditory canal and behind the ear on the mastoid bone

64

audiometry

evaluates hearing acuity and helps to establish the degree and severity of hearing loss

65

audiometer

electric device used to measure the sensitivity of hearing by delivering a series of acoustic tones that range from very low to very high frequencies

66

audiogram

graph where listener signals when the tone is percieved is loged

67

hearing aid

electronic deice that amplifies sound used by people with impaired hearing

68

cochlear implant

device now available for use by those with profound hearing loss

69

assistive listening devices (ALD)

devices other than a hearing aid that help the deaf to hear

70

myringotomy

surgical incision of the tympanum to relieve the pressure and buildup of fluid

71

myringoplasty

surgical repair of the tympanic membrane

72

tympanoplasty

repair of the tympanic membrane and bones of the middle ear

73

stapedectomy

excision of the stapes

74

mastoidectomy

surgical removal of the mastoid cells or the mastoid process of the temporal bone

75

mastoidotomy

surgical incision of the mastoid process of the temporal bone

76

mastoid/o

mastoid process behind the ear