MedTerm - module 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 5 Deck (145)
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1

respiration

breathing; process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the body and the environment

2

expiration/exhalation

breathing out carbon dioxide from the body

3

inspiration/inhalation

process of breathing in oxygen

4

ventilation

the process of both inspiration and expiration

5

external respiration

work of inhaling and exhaling between the respiratory and the external environment

6

internal respiration

exchange of inhalation and expiration takes place within the body, the work of the body cells taking in oxygen and giving carbon dioxide

7

nose

entrance to the respiratory system through which air travels to and from the lungs

8

nas/o, rhin/o

nose

9

nasal septum

is the separation of the nose (midline portion)

10

sept/o

septum

11

paranasal sinuses

air containing cavities in the bones around the nose

12

sinus/o

paranasal sinuses

13

pharynx

tubelike structure about 5 inches in length. throat and is a passageway for food and air

14

pharyng/o

pharynx

15

adenoids

masses of lymphoid tissue

16

adenoid/o

adenoids

17

tonsils

masses of lymphoid tissue

18

tonsil/o

tonsils

19

larynx

voice box; vital airway to the lungs; adams apple

20

laryng/o

larynx

21

phon/o

voice itself/sound

22

epiglottis

covers the entrance to the larynx to prevent food from passing into that organ during swallowing

23

trachea

windpipe, is a cylindrical tube in the neck, measuring 5 inches.

24

trache/o

trachea

25

bronch/o, bronchi/o

bronchi

26

bronchi

the division of the trachea, at its lower end, into two large air passages

27

bronchioles

division of bronchus; small branches

28

bronchiol/o

bronchioles

29

alveolar ducts

alveoli arise from here

30

alveoli

clusters of millions of minute air sacs