MedTerm - module 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 15 Deck (120)
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1

encephal/o

brain

2

myel/o

spinal cord

3

glial cells

glia
neuroglia

4

gli/o

gluey substance

5

radicul/o

nerve root

6

radic/o

nerve root

7

rhiz/o

nerve root

8

neuron

nerve cell

9

dendrite

projections from the cell body

10

myelin sheath

covers the axon of many nerves

11

axon

thread like extension

12

gangli/o

ganglion

13

ganglion/o

ganglion

14

afferent

sensory

15

efferent

motor

16

synapse

point of functiuonal contact between neurons or between a neuron and an effector organ

17

impulse conduction

receptors of our sensory neurons detect a change in the environment

18

impulse

electrical disturbance

19

brain

one of the largest organs in the body

20

cranium

brain is encased within it

21

mening/o

meninges

22

meningi/o

meninges

23

dur/o

dura mater

24

arachnoid

loosely attached web-like covering

25

pia mater

delicate, inner layer,
rich supply of blood vessels that nourish the nervous tissue

26

cerebr/o

cerebrum

27

cerebell/o

cerebrellum

28

brainstem divisions

mid brain
pons
medulla

29

cerebrum

largest most upper section of the brain

30

sulcus

shallow depression on the surface of an organ