MedTerm - module 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 3 Deck (55):
1

anatomic positioin

body is erect, facing forward, arms hanging down and palms forward

2

anter/o

front

3

-ior

pertaining to

4

anterior

pertaining to the front

5

poster/o

back

6

posterior

pertaining to the back

7

posteroanterior (PA)

pertains from the back to the front

8

anteroposterior

pertaining from the front to the back

9

ventr/o

belly or front

10

-al

pertaining to

11

ventral

pertaining to the belly or front

12

dorsal

pertaining to the back

13

dors/o

back

14

superior

abive

15

cephal/o

head

16

-ic

pertaining to

17

cephalad

toward the head

18

inferior/caudal

downward direction

19

caud/o

pertaining to the tail

20

later/o

pertaining to the side

21

medial

pertaining to the middle

22

mediad

toward the middle

23

mediolateral

pertaining to the middle and to the side

24

lateral

pertaining to the side

25

uni-

one

26

unilateral

pertaining to one side

27

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

28

bi-

two

29

proximal

near the point of attachment of a body part

30

distal

away from that point of attachment

31

supine

lie horizontally on the back

32

prone

lying face downward

33

frontal plane

vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior

34

sagittal plane

vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides, equal or not

35

midsagittal plane

dividing the body into right and left halves

36

parasagittal plane

any plane that divides the body into unequal right and left halves

37

transverse plane

plan that runs horizontally through the body

38

abdominopelvic regions

abdominal and pelvic cavities

39

hypochondriac regions

upper right and left sections

40

epigastric region

superior to umbilical region, overlying the stomach

41

lumbar regions

middle right and left sections

42

umbilical regions

between the lumbar regions, where the navel is located

43

iliac regions

lower right and left sections

44

hypogastric

lies inferior to the umbilical region

45

inguinal regions

near the groin

46

right upper quadrant (RUQ)

right lobe of the liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, portions or the small and large intestines, and right kidney

47

left upper quadrant (LUQ)

left lobe of the liver, stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines

48

right lower quadrant (RLQ)

small and large intestines, appendix, right ureter, right fallopian tube and ovary in women, right spermatic duct

49

left lower quadrant (LLQ)

portions of the intestinal tract, left ureter, left fallopian tube and ovary in women, left spermatic duct in men

50

recumbent

horizontal

51

fowler position

semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees

52

trendeleburg position

on the back with the body tilted to place the head lower than the feet

53

lithotomy position

supine, with both legs in stirrups

54

sims position

on left side with right knee drawn up and the left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back

55

orthopnea positioin

patient sits erect in a chair or upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest