MedTerm - module 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 7 Deck (85):
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Genitals/genetalia

Reproductive organs visible on the outside of the body

1

Testis

Male sex gland

2

Gonads

Produces sperm

3

Scrotum

Cutaneous pouch suspended between the thighs

4

Perineum

Diamond shaped area that covers the scrotum

5

Orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

Testis/testicle

6

Seminiferous tubules

Coiled tubules in 200+ cone shaped lobules

7

Spermatogenisis

The production and development of sperm cells

8

Interstitial cells of leydig

Form the connective and supportive tissue of the testis. Secrete testosterone

9

Ejaculation

The ejection of semen and seminal fluid

10

Vas/o

Vessel or duct

11

Prostat/o

Prostate

12

Vesicul/o

Seminal vesicles

13

Balan/o

Glans penis

14

Prepuce

Removed during circumcision

15

Spermatozoa

Male sex cell

16

Sperm/o, spermat/o

Spermatozoa, sperm

17

Andr/o

Male

18

Andropathy

Diseases applying the men

19

Anorchism

The absence of one or more testis

20

-ism

Process or condition

21

Orchitis, orchiditis, testitis

Inflammation of the testis or testicle

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Orchiepididymitis

Inflammation of the testis or testicle that then effects the epididymis

23

Epididymitis

Inflammation of the epididymis

24

Testicular carcinoma

Testicular cancer

25

Cryptorchidism

One or both testis does not descend

26

Crypt/o

Hidden

27

Sterilization

Infertility, reduced or absent ability to produce offspring

28

Sperm/o, spermat/o

Sperm or spermatozoa

29

Olig/o

Few

30

Oligospermia

Scanty sperm present in the semen

31

Spermatolysis

Dissolution or destruction of sperm

32

Azoospermia

Lack of live sperm

33

A-

Lack

34

Zo/o

Live

35

Aspermia

Lack of formation of or ejaculation of sperm and seminal fluid

36

Sperm analysis

Sperm count

37

Testicular torsion

Twisting of the spermatic cord, which contains the blood vessels supplying the testis and epididymis

38

Variocele

Enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord

39

Varic/o

Varicose vein

40

-cele

Hernia

41

Hydrocele

Accumulation of fluid in the scrotum

42

Balanitis

Inflammation of the glans penis

43

Balan/o

Glans penis

44

Phimosis

A structural disorder in which the prepuce, or foreskin, fits so tightly over the glans penis that it cannot retract

45

Baloncele

Protrusion of the glans penis through the rupture of the prepuce

46

Erectile dysfunction

Inability to maintain or attain an erection.

47

Priapism

Persistent, abnormal erection of the penis that is accompanied by pain or tenderness

48

Balanorrhea

Excessive discharge of the glans penis

49

Prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostrate gland

50

Prostatocystitis

Inflammation of the prostate and bladder

51

Prostatovesiculitis

Inflammation of the prostate and seminal vesicles

52

Prostatolith

Presence of a stone in the prostate gland

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-lith

Stone

54

Benign prostatic hyperplasia/benign prostatic hypertrophy (GPH)

Noncancerous condition common in men over 50. Enlarged section of the prostate.

55

Prostatic cancer

Cancer of the prostate, most common cancer in men

56

Coitus

Sexual intercourse, copulation

57

Hematuria

Blood in the urine

58

Chlamydia

Caused by a specific bacteria and is the most prevalent STD

59

Gonorrhea

Caused by gonococci bacteria

60

Mucopurulent

Pus filled urethral discharge

61

Trichomoniasis

Infects the genitourinary tract, but in males it can be asymptomatic or develop into urethritis, an enlarged prostate, or epididymis

62

Genital herpes

Chronic infection caused by herpes type II. Fluid filled lesions and ulcers on the genitals

63

Human papilloma virus (HPV)

Venereal warts that are benign or cancerous

64

Syphillis

Chronic infection caused by a spirochete, spiral shaped, bacterium that have distinct stages

65

Chancre

Red, bloodless, painless ulcer

66

Digital rectal imaging

Finger palpation of the prostate through the rectum

67

PSA assay

Check for prostate cancer by testing for elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen

68

Transrectal ultrasound

Using sound waves to visualize the prostate

69

Vasectomy

Vas defrens is surgically closed off for the purpose of sterilization

70

Vasovasostomy

Creation of artificial openings between the once severed ducts

71

Transurethral resection (TUR)

Resectiscope, instrument used to excise prostate tissue

72

Transurethral incision of the prostate

Urethra is widened by means of small incisions in the bladder neck and prostate gland

73

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy

Heat capable of eliminating the overgrowth of prostatic tissue is delivered to a designated area using a device called a prostatron

74

Prostatectomy

Removal of the prostate

75

Prostatocystotomy

Incision made into both the prostate gland and urinary bladder

76

Vesiculectomy

Seminal vesicles are excised

77

Prostatovesiculectomy

Excision of both the prostate and the seminal vesicles

78

Orchiopexy

Mobilizes and attaches the testis to prevent their retraction

79

-tomy

Surgical incision

80

Orchioplasty

Surgical repair of the testis

81

Artificial insemination (AI)

The introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

82

Hydroelectomy

Treatment for persistent hydrocele is surgery. A needle and syringe are used to aspirate the mass.

83

Ligation

Varicoceles can be treated by tying off the spermatic vein

84

Balanoplasty

Surgical repair of the glans penis