MedTerm - module 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 6 Deck (134):
1

urologist

specializes in urinary system diseases, as well as diseases of the male reproductive system

2

female urethra length

1.5 inches

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meat/o

meatus

4

meatus is the opening in the female between

the clitoris and the opening of the vagina

5

prostate gland

urethra in a male is embedded in this

6

kidney

main component of the urinary system. filteration

7

ren/o, nephr/o

kidney

8

ureter/o

ureter

9

vesic/o, cyst/o

urinary bladder

10

azot/o

urea

11

urin/o, ur/o

urine

12

urination, micturation, voiding

expelling urine

13

-uria

condition of urine

14

cortex

outer region. where the urine is formed

15

cortex cradles the

nephron

16

medulla

inner region, holds most of the collecting tube

17

hilum

outer concave hollow notch

18

arteriole

smallest artery

19

renin

hormone the kidney secretes

20

capillary

tinier blood vessels

21

glomerul/o

glomerulus

22

Bowman's capsule

cup shaped

23

hydr/o

water

24

glyc/o, glycos/o

sugar

25

pyel/o

renal pelvis

26

ureter

urine route out of the kidneys

27

trigone

where the urine is then transferred to urethra

28

sphincter

small muscles shaped like rings

29

incontinence

inability to control bladder and/or bowels

30

urinary retention

abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder due to an inability to uriniate

31

distended

stretched out

32

urinary suppression

sudden stoppage of the formation of urine altogether

33

diuresis

increased urination

34

dia-

complete or through

35

ur/o

urine

36

-esis

condition

37

anuria

absence of urine

38

an-

no

39

-uria

urine

40

dysuria

difficulty or painful urination

41

dys-

painful or difficult

42

nocturia

night urination

43

noct/i

night

44

oliguria

scanty urination

45

olig/o

scanty

46

enuresis

involuntary urinatioin

47

polyuria

excessive urination

48

poly-

much

49

albuminuria

albumin in the urin

50

albumin/o

albumin

51

azoturia

excessive urea and nitrogenous substances in the urine

52

hematuria

blood in the urine

53

hemat/o

blood

54

pyuria

pus in the urine

55

py/o

pus

56

glycosuria

glucose in the urine

57

what is a symptom of diabetes mellitus?

glycosuria

58

cystitis

bladder is inflammed

59

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

60

sepsis, septicemia

microorganisms in the bloodstream

61

ureteritis

inflammation of the ureter

62

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the urethra and bladder

63

urinary catheterization

passage of a catheter into the urinary bladder to withdraw urine

64

pyelonephritis

renal pelvis and medulla become filled with numerous tiny abcsesses

65

abscess

collection of pus

66

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the glomeruli

67

interstitial nephritis

inflammation of the interstitial tissue of the kidney

68

nephrolithiasis

presence of kidney stones

69

-iasis

condition

70

lith/o

stones

71

renal calculus

kidney stones

72

hydronephrosis

distention of the pelvis and calices of the kidney caused by urine that is unable to flow past an obstruction in a ureter

73

polycystic kidney disease

multiple cysts form both inside and outside of the kidney

74

uremia

urea in the blood

75

mephromegaly

enlarged kidney

76

-magaly

enlarged

77

nephroma

tumor in the kidney

78

renal cell carcinoma

cancerous tumor of the kidney

79

Wilms tumor, nephroblastoma

childhood version of cancer of the kidney

80

cystocele

protrusion or herniation of the urinary bladder

81

ureterocele

protrution or herniation of the ureter distally into the bladder

82

ureterostenosis

narrowing of the ureter

83

urethral stenosis, urethral stricture

narrowing of the urethra

84

urinalysis (UA)

testing for a urinary tract infection

85

-lysis

loosening, dissolution, or separating

86

bilirubin

hemoglobin pigment

87

specific gravity

comparison of density between urine and water. concentrating or diluting capability of the kidneys by determining the ratio of the density of the patients urine to water

88

cystoscopy

diagnostic procedure. inserting a hollow metal tube into the urinary meatus and urethra and into the urinary bladder

89

cystoliths

calculi

90

urethroscope

instrument used to visually examine the kidney

91

nephroscopy

examination of the kidney

92

urodynamics

study of the mechanics of voiding, bladder tone, flow of urine, and the perineal muscle function

93

blood urea nitrogen

determining how much urea and nitrogen have accumulated in the blood

94

creatinine clearance test

amount of creatine concentration in a blood sample with the amount the patient excretes in urine over 24 hrs

95

kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB)

radiograph of the abdomen, frequently used to examine the shape, size, and location of the kidneys and bladder

96

magnetic resonance imagine

kidneys in relation of other organs in the abdominopelvic region

97

cystography

radiographic examination of the urinary bladder after injection of an opaque solution into the organ

98

cystourethrography

radiography of the bladder and urethra

99

cystourethrogram

radiographic image that is produced

100

voiding cystourethrogram

radiographic examination of the urinary bladder and urethra while the patient is voiding uring after instillation of a radiopaque dye into the bladder

101

renal hypertention

renal angiogram can highlight renal vessels

102

renal biopsy

taking a portion of living kidney tissue for microscopic examination

103

renogram

record of kidney activity before, during and after an injection of radioactive material

104

radionuclide isotope scanning

radioactive isotopes is distributed into the kidney where it helps reveal metastases or other anomalies

105

retrograde pyelogram

radiograph produced to examine the collecting system of the kidneys, especially to locate a urinary tract obstruction

106

sonogram

ultrasound image

107

son/o

sound

108

tomorgram

multiple images on top of one another

109

nephrogram

radiographic images of the kidney

110

nephrotomogram

CT scan of the kidney

111

ultrasound

images made by high-frequency sound waves

112

sonogam

ultrasound image

113

nephrosonography

scanning of the kidneys using ultrasound

114

nephrolithotomy

incision in the kidney

115

pyelolithotomy

incision in the renal pelvis

116

pyeloplasty

surgical repair of the renal pelvis

117

cystolithotomy

incision to remove a stone from the bladder

118

cystotomy, vesicotomy

incision into the bladder

119

meatotomy

performed to enlarge the opening of the urinary meatus

120

ureterolithiasis

obstruction or stone in the ureter

121

ureterostomy

incision to unobstruct the the ureter

122

stoma

create an artificial opening

123

ureterectomy

removing or excising the ureter itselfc

124

cystectint

excision of the bladder

125

cystorrhaphy

suturing of the bladder

126

fulguration

destruction of living tissue by an electric spark

127

-rrhaphy

suture

128

vesicourethral suspension

raise and stabilize the bladder and bladder neck or urethra

129

nephrectomy

remove the tumor and sometimes the entire kidney and possibly nearby tissue and lymph nodes

130

nephrostomy

artificial opening into the kidney

131

immunotherapy

uses drugs to enhance the body's immune system

132

hyperkalemia

increased blood potassium

133

hemodialysis

use of an artificial kidney machine to remove impurities from the blood

134

peritoneal dialysis

introduction of a peritoneal catheter and a special solution into the abdomen