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Flashcards in Mixed Deck (21)
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1

Which type of cells do renal clear-cell carcinomas originate from?

Epithelial cells of proximal renal tubules

2

Bell curve distribution

60% within one standard deviation of the mean
95% within two standard deviations
99.7% lie within three Standard deviation

3

ethambutol toxicity? What is it used for?

Optic neuritis: colorblindness, central scotoma, decreased visual acuity

Antibiotic regimen of M.tuberculosis

4

UMN lesion signs? (4)

Pyramidal signs
Babinski sign
Hyperreflexia
Spasticity

5

low infective dose infections? 3

Shigella
Camylobacter
E. Histolytica
Giardia lambia

6

Rubella vaccine is?

Live Attenuated

7

Fatty Acid oxidation inhibitors MOA?

promote oxygen efficiency

8

Watter hammer pulse with HeadBobbing?

Aortic Regurg

9

Gene assoc of NF 1 v 2

1-17
2-22

10

NF2 Assoc?

Bilateral Acoustic neuromas

11

Von Recklinhousen disease is?

NF1
LischNodules

12

Major SE of Metformin?

Lactic acid accumulation

13

which disorders are metformin contraindicated in & why?

lactic acid accumlation

Renal failure
Liver dysfxn
CHF
alcoholism
sepsis

14

what can lead to tamponade? symptoms triad

Free wall rupture

elevated JVpressure
muffled heart sounds
profound hypotension

15

what happens to C-Peptides once its cleaved from insulin/

released by secretory vesicles in equimolar amounts with insulin.

16

when is anovulation often seen?

after menarche

before menopause

17

heroin withdrawl sx & findings

abd. cramping, muscle aches

dilated pupils, yawning, lacrimation, hyperactive bowels

18

Benzo withdrawl sx & findings

tremors, psychosis, anxiety, insomnia

seizures, tachy, palpitations

19

IgA deficiency MOA

what happens in transfusions in thest patients

recurrent Sinopulmonary and GI tract infections due to IgA absence

anaphlatic response to IgA in transfusion

20

which muscle most contributes to Valsalva?

Rectus abdominis

21

What is responsible for GALLBLADDER Contraction?

CCK