Flashcards in Module 10 (part of test 4) Deck (85):
Penicillins have a ___ _____ _____ structure?
Penicillins interfere with?
bacterial cell wall synthesis
Narrow spectrum antibiotics are effective agains what bacteria?
Gram + bacteria have an increased _____ in their cell wall?
Penicillin resistant bacteria produce?
What is added to penicillin to restore its effectiveness against resistant strains?
Amoxicillin + Clavulanate = _________
What is the prototype natural penicillin?
NAme 1 Narrow spectrum NATURAL penicillin?
You should take narrow spectrum antibiotics with ______ to protect your GI and with ______ to protect your esophagus?
Amoxicillin and Trimox are examples of?
broad spectrum antibiotics
What drug has a broader range than penicillins and has similar actions?
What is the 1st Generation cephalosporin?
What is the name of the 2nd Generation cephalosporin and what is the difference from the 1st generation?
affects gram - also
What is the name of the 3rd Generation Cephalosporin? What makes it special?
Used in conjunction with L/A
Is a broad gram (-)
What Cephalosporin is used in the treatment of MRSA?
Cephalosporins affect _____ bacteria, NOT _____
What medication is good for the treatment of dental infections?
What medication is effective STRICTLY fro Anaerobic bacteria?
What nitroimadazole is used widely in dentistry?
We should avoid giving out ______ when a patient is on Flagyl?
What broad spectrum medication inhibits DNA replication?
What are 2 Quinolones used as outpatient antibiotics?
What medication is given to patients who are allergic to penicillin?
What medications are bacteriostatic and similar to erythromycin?
Name 2 types of Macrolides?
What Macrolide is used in the treatment of Periodontal Disease?
What medication inhibits the production and secretion of collagenase by the PMN's
What medication is indicated for CHRONIC periodontal disease?
Doxycycline (20mg) * Periostat *
What is the name of the topical doxycycline?
Why is doxycycline so good in the treatment of Periodontal Disease?
has a high affinity for gingival crevicular fluid
Kids age ______ and under shouldn't take tetracycline?
What affect does Demerol have when given to kids?
(reverse side effect)
Is pressure still felt with analgesia?
Lack of sensation (L/A)
______ usually accompanies anesthesia?
Stage 1 = _________
The patient ______ conscious during this stage?
What terminates stage 1?
Loss of consciousness
What medication used in dentistry maintains stage 1?
Stage 2 = _______/________
This stage initiates _____ but can have involuntary movements?
Stage 3 = ________ ________
Stage 4 = _________ ______
General Anesthesia is ______ lack of awareness?
Most drugs work on what part of the brain?
Local anesthesia works by blocking nerve impulses at _____ _______ by blocking _____ ______?
What is the most common form of sedation?
What are 2 common agents used in the induction phase of general anesthesia?
What paralytic drug is used when patients get intubated or are very combative?
What is the most common type of psychosis?
How did "older" typical antipsychotics work?
blocked dopamine receptor sites
Name 1 "older" antipsychotic drug?
What atypical antipsychotic is used in the 1st line of therapy for Schizo/Bipolar patients?
Name 2 common atypical antipsychotics?
What are 2 common side effects of antipsychotic medications?
Anticholinergics produce symptoms of ______, _______ and _______ dentally?
Depression Diagnosis is based on?
5 symptoms or more...every day.... for 2 wks
What are 3 classes of anti-depressants?
MAO inhibitors inhibit ______ _____ so it wont break down catecholamines?
What is the most potent antidepressant?
Name 2 common MAO inhibitors?
What antidepressant inhibits the re-uptake of NE/Serotonin?
What dental condition do TCA's help relieve?
What are 2 commonly used TCA's?
TCA's have been replaced by?
What antidepressant inhibits ONLY serotonin re-uptake?
What was the prototype SSRI?
What are 3 commonly prescribed SSRI's?
ADHD is due to increased release of ____ and ______?
What is the GOLD STANDARD mood stabilizer?
What is an example of a Somatoform Disorder?
What type of drug is widely prescribed for anxiety?
Can we use L/A with epi if a patient is on Benzodiazepines?
What is the prototype Benzodiazepine?
Which Benzodiazepine has an antagonist? What is the name of the antagonist?
Valium _________ anesthesia while Versed is used in _______ sedation?
Name 3 oral Benzodiazepines?
What is the Benzodiazepine used as a date rape drug?
Ambien and Lunesta are what type of drug? What class?
Benzo-like (used for insomnia)
Class IV- Rx needed
Name 3 Barbiturates used to induce anesthesia?
What sedative/hypnotic did Michael Jackson die of?
Propofol has a ______ induction time and a ______ duration?
What Non-Bartbiturate did Anna Nicole Smith OD on?
Noctec has a _____ onset time and a _______ duration?