Module 8 (part of test 3) Flashcards Preview

Dental Medicine 1 > Module 8 (part of test 3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 8 (part of test 3) Deck (51):
1

A seizure is a _____, _____ change in the neurological function?

Chronic
Recurrent

2

T/F All seizures imply that the person has Epilepsy?

F

3

What is the pathophysiology of Epilepsy? An excessive______?

focal Neuronal Discharge

4

Epilepsy is characterized by stimulation of what muscle group?

voluntary

5

A person with epilepsy can be provoked into having a seizure by?

flicking lights
loud music
loud noises

6

Why does a person having a seizure loose consciousness?

The "Awake" center of hypothalamus gets depressed

7

What precedes a Seizure?

Aura

8

An Aura can be an unusual _____, visual ______ or just a person becoming ______?

smell
disturbance
irritable

9

What are the 2 categories of Grand Mal Seizures?

Clonic
Tonic

10

Why does someone having a seizure sometimes experience an "epileptic cry"

Diaphragm spasms

11

Dilated pupils, generalized muscle rigidity, and loss of consciousness describes what phase/category of a Grand Mal Seizure?

Tonic

12

Clonic Grand Mal seizures are seen as ______ movements with ________ contractions of limbs.

uncoordinated
rhythmic

13

How long does a Grand Mal Seizure last?

90 sec

14

What symptoms can follow a Grand Mal Seizure?

headache
confusion
urinary incontinence

15

A petitie-mal seizure is termed a?

Absence Seizure

16

A person appears to be _____ ______ with a petite-mal seizure?

day dreaming

17

What is the term for a repeated seizure in a short period of time without full recovery?

Status Epilepticus

18

What do you administer to a person experiencing Status Epilepticus?

Valium injection

19

A person experiencing status epilepticus can become ______/______ and suffer from permanent brain damage?

hypoxic
acidic

20

What should you do if someone has a seizure?

passively protect

21

A stroke is caused by?

decreased blood supply to the brain

22

TIA stands for?

Transient Ischemic Attack

23

What is a precursor for a Stroke?

TIA

24

What medication is used to reduce edema in stroke patients?

Corticosteroids

25

When can we do elective dental treatment on a patient who has experienced a stroke?

6 months after episode

26

What stroke medication inhibits platelet action?

Plavix

27

What stroke medication inhibits the action of vitamin K?

Warfarin/Coumadin

28

NSAID's block the ___ enzyme and reduces ______?

COX
prostaglandins

29

Can we use epinephrine in our LA for a stroke patient?

Yes- cardiac dose

30

Parkinson's involves a decrease in ______ secretion?

dopamine

31

A patient with parkinson's will have muscle _______ as well as ______ movements and a _______ posture.

rigidity
slow
stooped

32

What one symptom is a hallmark for Parkinson's?

tremors while not moving

33

What is the therapy for parkinson's?

increase dopamine

34

What is the MOST common drug used for parkinson's?

L-dopa

35

What drug is used in conjunction with L-dopa to make sure the dopamine doesn't convert before it reaches the brain?

Sinemet

36

What parkinson's drug is used to relieve stiffness and tremors and now restless leg syndrome as well?

Requip (dopamine agonist)

37

Azilect is a drug that does what?

Reduces dopamine breakdown

38

Azilect is a type of ________ inhibitor?

MAO-B

39

Alzheimer's is a _______ degeneration?

progressive

40

Alzheimer's affects ages _______ and over and has a familial pattern ______% of the time?

65
20

41

Alzheimer's is a degeneration of the _______ neurons and the neurotransmitters _______ and ________?

cholinergic
acetylcholine
glutamate

42

What is the most common autoimmune disease of the nervous system?

MS

43

MS is a chronic/continuous ________ of neurons?

de-myelination

44

Patients with MS may experience _______ mouth?

dry/burning

45

Dysarthia means?

difficulty speaking

46

What disease is commonly known as Lou Gehrig Disorder?

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ALS

47

ALS is a ______ degeneration of nerve cells responsible for ______ movements?

gradual
voluntary

48

______% of ALS patients die within 18 mo.

50

49

Is mental awareness altered in ALS patients?

no

50

What neurotransmitter is most abundant in the nervous system?

Glutamate

51

What drug is used in ALS to reduce the amount of glutamate released?

Rilutek