Flashcards in Module 9 (part of test 4) Deck (85):
Leukemia is characterized according to cell ______ and ______
What Leukemia is most common in children?
Which Leukemia has a large number of MATURE WBC's?
Acute Leukemia has a large number of ______ WBC's?
What is the 7th most common malignancy?
What are the 3 types of Lymphomas?
Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma is a disorder of the _____ and _____ cells?
Burkitt's Lymphoma is an aggressive _____ Cell proliferation?
A patient with Burkitt's may have what on their mandible?
If we are seeing a patient with a WBC disorder we need a ________ and possibly ______ before treatment?
What is the most common causes of urticaria in adults and in kids?
What are the 3 most common causes of anaphylactic death?
Allergic reactions result from a _______ reaction to a _______?
What cells process the presence of an antigen?
What cells recognize the antigen and are the primary lymphocyte in humoral immunity?
B-cels make what 2 things?
Plasma cells make?
What type of hypersensitivity involves the humoral immunity and occurs soon after the 2nd contact/exposure?
Type 1 Hypersensitivity is _____ mediated?
What is the most serious type 1 allergic response?
What 2 substances in L/A could a patient be allergic to?
What medication generally doesn't cause a true allergic reaction?
What was the 1st generation Antagonist medication used in the treatment of allergic reactions?
What was the 2nd generation Antagonist medication used in the treatment of allergic reactions?
Allegra, Claritin, Zyrtek
Flonase, Nasonex, and Rhinocort are examples of?
What immune system is referred to as "delayed"
What cells play the central role in cellular immunity?
cytokines and memory t-cells
The ______ is the largest organ. It weighs ____ lbs and is located in the ______Quadrant?
A compromised liver means a decreased synthesis of _________ factors?
What are 3 causes of hepatitis?
Hepatitis A is transmitted through what route?
fecal - oral
Does Hepatitis A have a carrier state?
Is there a vaccine for Hepatitis A?
How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
Blood (direct/indirect contact)
_________transmission of Hepatitis B is NOT important
Hepatitis B has a ____ onset and _______duration compared to Hepatitis A
A Hepatitis B immunoglobulin shot can be administered how long after exposure?
Is there a Hepatitis C vaccine?
What is the most chronic blood borne infection in the U.S.
Hepatitis _____ only occurs in the presence of Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis ______ only occurs in the presence of Hepatitis C?
Icteric means? and is due to?
What precedes the onset of jaundice?
Pre-icteric phase (prodromal)
The post-icteric phase is _________ and can last how long?
_______ _________ liver is when hepatocytes get engorged with fatty lobules and distend?
______ _______ is when the liver goes through destructive cellular changes?
_______ is a progressive fibrosis of the liver and is irreversible?
If surgical procedures are necessary for hepatitis patients we need to have ______ ability evaluated?
_______ is an alcohol sensitizing drug which increases the effects of a hangover?
What drug works like antabuse but is safer?
How much hydrochloric acid do we produce a day?
A well defined break in the GI mucosa is called a?
Most ulcers are located in the?
1st degree relatives have a _____risk of GI ulcers?
What is the main cause of GI diseases?
Overproduction of Acid
What is the 2nd cause of GI diseases?
Stomach discomfort occurs how long after eating?
What are 3 common drugs used in the treatment of H-pylori bacillus GI disorders?
Pepto-bismol, Tums, Zantac, and Tagamet are OTC drugs that _____ of gastric secretions?
What OTC GI medication interfered with lidocaine and valium typically used in dental treatment?
We need to avoid _____ and ______ OTC drugs when someone is taking GI medications?
Antacids may impair the absorption of what 2 antibiotics?
What are 2 common oral complications with GI disorders?
Oral Candidiasis ( due to antibiotics)
Enamel Erosion (due to vomiting)
What GI disease is Serious and sometimes fatal and occurs from prolonged antibiotic use?
PC- pseudomembranous colitis
Pseudomembranous Colitis is an overgrowth of?
Broad Spectrum antibiotics cause _____ after taking them for 4-10 days?
You should discontinue broad spectrum antibiotic use and switch to ____ or _____ with GI disorders?
Plavix alters ______ function?
What is the most common inherited bleeding disorder?
Hemophilia A is a deficiency / defect of factor?
Hemophilia B is also known as ____ and is a deficiency of factor _____?
What medications do we recommend for dental management in patients with bleeding disorders?
Acetaminophen with/out Codeine
`Aspirin therapy results can last how long after the patient stops taking it?
Anemia is associated with _____ of RBC's
A normal RBC is ___% hemoglobin?
The _____ is the sensor that determines the level of oxygenation of RBCs
Low oxygenation in RBCs tells the kidney to produce?
What is the most common Anemia?
Pernicious Anemia is a lack of ________ factor which is secreted from the _____ Cells?
What is a genetic anemia most commonly found in African Americans?
Radiographically the bone appears with ______ trabeculae arranged in a ______ pattern like a "_____ ____" in sickle cell patients?
Patients with sickle cell disease need an oxygen saturation of _____%
Sickle cell patients _____ use Nitrous?