Flashcards in Module 2 (part of test 1) Deck (73):
The autonomic nervous system controls _______ responses?
What are the 2 divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System
"Rest and relaxation" deals with what branch of the autonomic nervous system?
The Sympathetic division prepares the body for "________ or ________" responses?
What is the receptor that deals with the Sympathetic Division?
What is the receptor that deals with the Parasympathetic Division?
Which receptor has divisions and what are they?
Alpha and Beta
ANS drugs are used in dentistry. What are two examples?
What ANS drugs can cause Xerostomia by blocking acetylcholine receptors?
Anti-depressants and Anti-psychotics have effects _______ to ANS system?
The somatic nervous system stimulates ______ responses?
voluntary (skeletal muscles)
The Sympathetic nervous system dilate pupils when activated...This dilation of pupils is called?
What 3 things does a Synapse consist of?
What is the term for a group of nerve cell bodies located outside the Central Nervous System?
What are the 4 parts of a Neuron?
What carries the signals between neurons/other cells?
What are the 3 catecholamines of the Adrenergic response system?
Catecholamines come from the _______ ______ and are put into the blood during sympathetic stimulation?
The Sympathetic Response has _______ receptors like Adrenaline?
The Alpha Receptors of the Sympathetic Response are responsible for _______?
smooth muscle relaxing
What are the 2 divisions of the Beta-receptors of the Sympathetic response are?
__________ receptors of the sympathetic response are responsible for the heart muscle?
Beta 2 receptors of the sympathetic response are responsible for the _____
Cholinergic Receptors are found in the _______ response system?
Cholinergic receptors of the parasympathetic response have _________ receptors on them?
What receptors of the parasympathetic response are responsible for most side effects?
Muscarinic receptors ________ Heart Rate?
What receptors have to do with muscular paralysis like in general anesthesia?
What receptors are sensitive to Nor-epi and epi?
Alpha 1 Adrenergic (sympathetic)
Alpha 1 Adrenergic receptors have an excitability concept that_________vessels?
Due to the response of Beta-1 Adrenergic receptors the heart needs?
Stimulation of the Beta 2 Adrenergic receptors causes smooth muscle _______ Vaso________ and Broncho_______?
If someone is in Anaphylactic Shock what do we give them to dilate their bronchi?
What receptors of the parasympathetic are found in smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands?
Muscarinic receptors of the parasympathetic response cause smooth muscle ______ and _______ cardiac function and glandular secretions
What does Sympathomimetic mean?
drug that mimics sympathetic nervous system
Another name for a sympathomimetic is?
An agonist ________ something?
Another name for a Cholinergic Agonist is?
A sympathomimetic stimulates ________ nervous system?
The effects of a adrenergic agonist depends on?
Alpha and Beta adrenergic receptors
________ has a limited use as a vasoconstrictor in Local Anesthetic?
Epinephrine affects alpha adrenergic receptors and causes vaso________ which _______ B.P.
Epinephrine affects beta-1 adrenergic receptors and causes an increase in the ______ and ______ of the heart?
Epinephrine affects beta-2 adrenergic receptors and causes ___________
What drug is used in ophthalmology to cause Mydriasis?
What is a common alpha adrenergic drug used as a nasal decongestant?
What OTC drug is used to "cook" Meth?
Pseudoephedrine is a _____ and ______ _______ drug?
What drug is a precursor of Nor-epi and epi?
Dopamine is used primarily for shock and in what disease?
Parkinsons (lack of dopamine)
what was the first bronchodilator that affected both beta adrenergic receptors?
what is the bronchodilator of choice now?
ALBUTEROL (ventolin brand name)
it doesn't react with beta 1 receptors (heart)
What are some side effects of adrenergic drugs?
alpha blocking drugs cause non-selective ________ which decreases ______?
alpha blocking drugs result in ____ and ______ _______?
Alpha receptors are found on the ________ and when stimulated by epi/nor-epi they ______
phenoxybenzamine/Dibenzyline is used to treat _______ syndrome and ______ in newborns
Raynauds syndrome is an ______ disease that is triggered by ________ which causes arterial ________
Beta blocking generic drugs all end in _______ suffix?
Beta Blockers block increased _______ broncho__________ and ______
Which beta blocker isn't ok to use epinephrine Local Anesthetic on? Why?
because it is nonselective (affects beta 1 and 2 receptors)
Propranolol is a _____ beta blocker used to treat many diseases and can cause ________ as well?
What 2 beta blockers are beta 1 specific?
Neuronal Blocking Drugs block _______ from the sympathetic neuron which causes decreased BP?
release of Nor-epi
What is a very strong Neuronal blocking drug used to treat hypertension?
What drug has an antidepressant effect on the CNS by inhibiting alpha receptors in the medulla?
Clonidine is used to tx what?
Newer neuronal blocking drugs are causing _______ in order to decrease BP
Cholinergic drugs either stimulate _______ receptors or bock ___________
What drug is synthetically made and mimics acetylcholine?
Anticholinergic drugs can either _____ or _____ effect of Acetylcholine?