Flashcards in Module 7 (part of test 3) Deck (48):
The endocrine system is a ______ gland that distributes hormones _______ via the _____ system?
What is the most important application of endocrine drugs?
Endocrine system drugs can either affect the _____ or ______ of the hormones?
What gland releases hormones that stimulate the pituitary gland?
What endocrine gland is the MASTER gland?
A thyroid ANTAGONIST hormone _____ serum thyroid levels?
What was the initial therapy for hyperthyroidism?
What drug used in hyperthyroid disorders is used to KILL part of the gland?
What do patients have to do AFTER radioactive iodine treatment?
take thyroid supplements for life
What hyperthyroid drug is known to cause leukopenia and liver damage?
Tapazole is _______ times more potent than PTU and is used in ________ treatment because it interferes with _______?
What type of thyroid disorder is easier to treat? Hyper or Hypo?
What is the drug of choice to treat hypothyroidism?
Synthroid is a synthetic _____ that is similar to the natural one?
What hypothyroid drug requires daily dosing and is harder to monitor?
What hypothyroid drug has synthetic T4 and T3 and is therefore controversial?
______ is the name of a natural thyroid hormone that comes from pig, beef, or sheep's thyroids.
What is the problem with the Armour thyroid medication?
hard to predict and monitor
In order to use a oral hypoglycemic the patient must have?
some beta cells (type 2 diabetes)
What was the 1st oral agent used to treat type 2 diabetes? (when diet and exercise failed)
What is the 1st generation PROTOTYPE oral hypoglycemic?
Diabinase-------- then.... Orinase
Sulfonylureas can decrease blood glucose by ______% but are most effective when ______ is controlled?
What drug was the 2nd generation oral hypoglycemic?
Glucotrol use increases the risk of ______ to the patient?
What NEW oral hypoglycemic, that is similar to sulfonylureas, is faster but MORE expensive?
Prandin ( a meglitinide )
The 1st recombinant (human) insulin was made in _______?
Insulin is given to the patient when the ______ can't produce any/enough insulin to facilitate ________ Intake?
What is a FAST-ACTING subcutaneous Anti-diabetic?
What is a SHORT-ACTING subcutaneous anti-diabetic?
What is an INTERMEDIATE-ACTING subcutaneous anti-diabetic?
_____ is a LONG acting insulin that doesn't have to be administered as often?
Do we have to use caution with epinephrine in LA with diabetic patients?
Glucocorticoids, Mineralcorticoids, and Androgens are produced from what gland?
If we secrete NOT ENOUGH glucocorticoids our body has a bad ______/_______ response?
Aldosterone is the main ________ and is responsible for retaining ______ and eliminating _______?
Addison's is due to a ______ of gluococorticoids?
Cushing's is due to a ________ secretion of corticosteroids?
Glucocorticoids deal with _______ rather than ______ treatment?
Glucocorticoids are potent _____-______ agents that suppress _______?
The corticosteroid steroid to receptor complex goes into the ______ of a cell and turns the ______ on or off?
A buffalo hump is a clinical sign of what disease?
Corticosteroids cause an elevated _____ ____ and a ______ resistance to infection?
What is a common TOPICAL corticosteroid?
What is the common IV/IM corticosteroid?
Kenalog is a type of _____ corticosteroid?
______ is an oral corticosteroid that can cause neoplasias?
Inhaled corticosteroids can cause what 2 oral side effects?