Module 11 (part of test 4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 11 (part of test 4) Deck (53):
1

What does an analgesic do?

Relieves pain

2

What is an opioid analgesic?

natural/synthetic morphine-like drug

3

Where are opioid receptors located?

brain and spinal cord

4

Opioids are used to reduce _____ to ____ pain?

mod
sev

5

What is a narcotic?

Any morphine-like drug

6

Opium comes from?

poppy flower

7

What is the natural opioid narcotic called?

morphine

8

What is the synthetic opioid narcotic called?

Demerol

9

Opioids interact with binding sites in the _____ with their highest concentration in the _______ system?

CNS
Limbic

10

What is the term for our own natural opiates?

Endogenous Endorphins

11

What was the prototype narcotic analgesic?

Morphine (1817)

12

What drug is used to reduce Nausea produced by narcotics?

Phenergen

13

Morphine causes ________ which means pupillary constriction?

miosis

14

What is the number 1 cause of death from OD of narcotics?

Respiratory Depression

15

What is the average dose of Morphine VS. the Addicts Dose?

10mg
250mg

16

What drug is used in the treatment of opioid addiction?

Methadone

17

What is the difference between Methadone and Heroin/Morphine?

it isn't Euphoric

18

What is the number 1 Narcotic used in Hospitals?

Demerol

19

What is the potency of Demerol when compared to Morphine?

75mg demerol = 10 mg morphine

20

Can you use Demerol ln a patient who is on anti-depressants?

no

21

What drug is 10 x more potent than morphine?

Dilaudid

22

Dilaudid is only used for ______ pain?

severe

23

Codeine derivative are ______ as potent as Morphine?

1/6

24

Dilaudid is a ________ form of morphine?

semi-synthetic

25

Percocet is a combination of what 2 drugs?

Oxycodone
Acetaminophen

26

Oxycodone with Aspirin = _________

Percodan

27

What drug mixture gives RAPID pain relief and is in capsule form NOT tablet?

Tylox- oxycodone and acetaminophen

28

What is the Controlled Release oral form of Oxycodone?

OxyContin

29

What is good about OxyContin OP and what is bad?

Good- can't crush up and snort/shoot up
Bad- side effects/absorption

30

Ibprofen + Hydrocodone = _________

Vicoprofen

31

Acetaminophen + Hydrocodone = ________

Lortab
Lorcet

32

What semi-synthetic Codeine derivative is used with very low levels of acetaminophen?

Narco

33

Codeine is _______ and more active ______?

natural
orally

34

Codeine is used to treat ______ to _____ pain?

mild
mod

35

Codeine has an increased sedation effect for people taking what 3 drugs?

St. John's Wort
ANtidepressants
Paxil/Prozac

36

What drug is used in the treatment of TMD?

Soma

37

What 2 drugs have propoxyphene as their main component?

Darvon
Darvocet

38

Darvocet is ______ + propoxyphene?

acetaminophen

39

What 2 drugs are just as effective as Aspirin or Acetaminophen ALONE?

Darvon
Darvocet

40

Hydrocodone is a schedule _____ drug?

3

41

Oxycodone is a schedule ______ drug?

2

42

What drugs were replaced by Benzodiazepines?

Barbiturates

43

Do Non-Narcotic Analgesics act on the CNS?

no

44

Aspirin is _________ which is a component of?

acetylsalicylic acid
willow tree bark

45

Aspirin reduces pain by inhibiting what?

prostaglandin synthesis

46

Aspirin is used in the treatment of gout due to its _______ agent?

uricosuric

47

What is a prophylactic dose of Aspirin? What is an effective dose?

81mg
(2) 325 mg tabs

48

Aspirin can't be given to people under ______ years old due to ______ syndrome?

19
Reyes

49

What are 2 common side effects of Aspirin?

bleeding
stomach ulcers

50

Acetaminophen is more commonly called?

Tylenol

51

Does Tylenol affect platelets?

no

52

Tylenol can cause ______/_______ failure if too much is taken?

liver
kidney

53

NSAIDS reduce _______, ________, and ______ ability?

inflammation (cramps)
fever
clotting