Module 25 ch 4 start on pg 50 Flashcards Preview

Dental Hygiene 1 > Module 25 ch 4 start on pg 50 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 25 ch 4 start on pg 50 Deck (44):
1

Hepatitis C is spread by which route?

Blood

2

The incubation period for Hep C is?

2wk-6mo

3

You are communicable starting at ____symptoms occur with Hep C

1wk before

4

Is there a Carrier State with Hep C?

Indefinite

5

Is there a Vaccine for Hep C?

NO

6

Transmission of Hep C _____ occurs from mucous membrane exposure to blood

rarely

7

Which Hep strain can only cause infection if in the presence of HBV?

Hep D

8

Hep D occurs particularly with ___ and ____users

hemophilia
IV drug

9

Transmission of Hep D is by what route?

direct exposure to contaminated blood and serous body fluids

10

Is there a vaccine for Hep D?

yes- getting Hep B vaccine

11

The ______ is endemic worldwide

Herpes

12

Herpes viruses travel along ___ pathways to specific _____

sensory nerve
ganglia

13

_____ travels to the trigeminal ganglion?

HSV-1

14

_____ causes herpes labialis (cold sores)

HSV-1

15

HSV-2 causes

genital herpes

16

EBV or ______ causes?

Epstein Barr Virus HHV$
Momo
hairy leukoplakia (oral)

17

HHV4 or ____ causes chicken pox/shingles

VZV

18

HHV8 causes?

Kaposi's sarcoma KSRV

19

HSV2 goes to the _______, _____, and ____ ganglia

throacic
lumbar
sacral

20

Human herpesviruses occur in ____ _____with relatively high prevalence

periodontal pockets

21

What 2 Herpesviruses have an association with higher levels of periodontal bacteria?

EBV
CMV

22

up to __% of adults have antibodies to HSV-1

90

23

Antibodies do not guarantee immunity to HSV-1?

TRue

24

Anti-HSV is present in the _____fluid

gingival sulcus

25

Acute herpetic ____ is the most common pattern of symptomatic primary herpetic infections

gingivostomatitis

26

Full-blown gingivostomatitis can also affect the?

pharyngeal arches

27

HSV-1 can become HSV-2 and vise-versa

true

28

pain, burning, and tingling sensations occur _____ to _____hrs before a HSV-1 lesion occurs

6
24

29

What is the herpetic infection of the fingers

Whitlow

30

What can occur if fluid, that contains HSV-1, is splashed into someones eye?

Ocular/Ophthalmic Herpes

31

HSV-2 can be cured with anti-viral therapy?

False

32

______ of HSV-1 is possible from instrumentation

Autoinoculation

33

Kaposi's sarcoma is considered an ___-defining lesion

AIDS

34

Does saliva contain sufficient amounts of HIV virus to transmit the infection

NO

35

Detection of HIV antibody in the blood occurs within _____ to ____ time frame after exposure to the virus?

6wks-6mo

36

Symptoms of AIDS may be ____ from incubation time

15yrs

37

The HIV virus attacks the _____ lymphocytes

CD4+

38

Persistent generalized ____ is an early sign of HIV infection

Lymphadenopathy

39

Oral______ increases as HIV disease progresses

Candidiasis

40

______ gingival changes may be an initial indicator of undiagnosed HIV infection

Atypical

41

Periodontal infections associated with HIV infection tend to show more ___ symptoms and to progress more _____

severe
rapidly

42

Patients with HIV would present with __gingival erythema

linear

43

Linear Gingival Erythema is a distinct band at the _____margin extending ____ mm apically

free gingival
2-3

44

Prevention of HIV depends on?

education