Module 18 ch. 35 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 18 ch. 35 Deck (37):
1

Brown Stain was called _______ enamel and now is known as ______

mottled
dental fluorosis

2

Who pinpointed fluorine as the specific element related to mottled enamel?

H.V. Churchill

3

What is the optimum level of fluoride in the water to prevent dental caries.

1ppm

4

What is the number of ppm for all communities?

0.7ppm

5

What food has large amounts of fluoride in them?

tea
fish

6

Communities were first fluoridated in what year?

1945

7

A halo/diffusion effect is when?

Food and beverages are produced in a fluoridated community and sent to other areas

8

______ and _______ systems can remove fluoride from water.

reverse osmosis
water distillation

9

The ADA recommends fluoride supplements for children at _______ and those whose primary source of water is ____

high caries risk
non-fluoridated

10

How much fluoride should someone under 6 mo of age receive

zero

11

from 6mo to 3 yrs kids should get_____ of floride

0.25mg

12

from 3yrs to 6 yrs kids should get _____ or _____ amount of fluoride

0.5mg
0.25mg

13

from 6yrs to 16 yrs kids should get ___ or ____ amount of fluoride

1.0mg
0.5mg

14

What are the sources of fluoride supplements

tablets
lozenges
oral drops

15

tablets and lozenges work best when taken?

at night after teeth are brushed

16

how long should someone wait before eating or drinking after taking a fluoride lozenge

15min

17

Fluoride isn't recommended to be mixed with ____ it slows absorption rate.

milk/dairy

18

You should consider the kids _____, _____ risk, and ____ before recommending fluoride supplements.

age
caries
sources of fluoride

19

The professional application of fluoride is base on?

caries risk

20

Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride shouldn't be used on what surfaces?

porcelain
composites
sealants

21

Sodium Fluoride has a ph of?

7- neutral

22

_____ has the highest concentration of fluoride?

varnish

23

What are the 3 objectives of topical fluoride

prevent caries
remineralization
desensitization

24

You should avoid brushing and flossing for ___ after applying varnish

4-6hrs

25

Primary teeth should have ____ml of varnish
Mixed dentition teeth should have _____ml
Adult dentition should have _____ml

.25
.4
.5

26

Oral fluoride rinses are characterized as ____potency/______ frequency

low
high

27

What is the foundation to all patients' fluoride regime.

toothpaste (fluoridated)

28

What is the ADULT CLD of fluoride

5-10 g

29

What is the CHILD CLD of fluoride

.5-1.0 g

30

What does CLD stand for

Certainly Lethal Dose

31

The STD or ______ is _____ the amount of the CLD

Safely Tolerated Dose
1/4

32

_____mg of fluoride would be lethal to someone 6yr old or younger

500

33

Acute toxic dose symptoms begin within ___ of ingestion and may persist for ____

30min
24hrs

34

What drug is used as emergency tx. for acute overdose of fluoride.

Ipecac syrup

35

Chronic ______ toxicity or osteosclerosis can result after long-term _____ ingestion of water with ___ to __ppm fluoride

Skeletal
10+yr
8-10

36

Dental Fluorosis can only occur from age _____ to ______

birth
12/16

37

Mild fluorosis is seen clinically as?

white opacities