Use of a finger and thumb of same hand to palpate
Use of finger or fingers and thumb from each hand applied simultaneously.
2 hands are used at same time on opposite sides
An electrical test is used to detect
presence/absence of vital pulp tissue
Auscultation is the use of -------
Sign VS Symptom
Signs are Objective, seen by clinician
(observable changes such as color, shape, etc.)
Symptoms are Subjective, observed by patient
( pain, tenderness, and bleeding while brushing)
Localized VS Generalized
Limited to small focal area
Involves most of an area/segment
The most commonly seen colors of lesions are?
Red, pink, white
Blue, purple, gray, yellow, black, brown
What are the 3 Morphologic Categories of Lesions
Elevated Lesions are classified in what 2 categories
Blisterform or Nonblisterform
Blisterform lesions contain _____ and are usually ____ and ______
What are the 3 types of Blisterform Elevated Lesions
Vessicles have a ____diameter and may contain __ or ___ and appear _____in color
1cm or less
Pustules have a ______ diameter and contains _____ and has a _____color
A Bulla has a ______ diammeter and is filled with ______... The color depends on?
large (1cm or greater)
fluid (sometimes blood)
Nonblisterform Elevated Lesions are __ and do not contain _____.
What are the 4 classifications of Nonblisterform Elevated Lesions
A Papule is a ______ diameter that may be what shapes?
pointed, rounded, flat-topped
A Nodule is _____than a papule
>5mm but <1cm
A Tumor is ______ diameter. It refers to a general _____ or _____ not to ______
2cm or greater width
A plaque is a slightly ____ lesion with a _____, _____ top. It is usually larger than _____mm in diameter, with a ______ appearance
a Sessile is an _____ lesion with a _____base
A Pedunculated elevated lesion has a ______shape and is attached with a ______
A depressed lesion is one that is?
below the level of the skin or mucosa
A depressed lession depth is usually described as ______ or _____
Most depressed lesions are ____ and represent a loss of ________
continuity of the epithelium
Ulcers have a __ to __ color center with a ___ border
An ___ may result from a rutpure of an elevated lesion
An __ is a shallow, depressed lesion that does not extend through the epithelium
A _____ is a type of Flat lesion characterized by its contrasting color.
Resembling a small, nipple-shape
Any mass of tissue that projects outward or upward
When must a biopsy of a lesion be performed
When it cant be identified with clinical certainty
The Cytologic Smear can only detect ___
One limitation of the Smear is that tx ?
Can't be determied by smear results only