Costley Module 6 Flashcards Preview

Dental Hygiene 1 > Costley Module 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Costley Module 6 Deck (37):
1

Bidigital mean

Use of a finger and thumb of same hand to palpate

2

Bimanual means

Use of finger or fingers and thumb from each hand applied simultaneously.

3

Bilateral means

2 hands are used at same time on opposite sides 

4

An electrical test is used to detect

presence/absence of vital pulp tissue

5

Auscultation is the use of -------

sound

6

Sign VS Symptom

Signs are Objective, seen by clinician

(observable changes such as color, shape, etc.)

Symptoms are Subjective, observed by patient

( pain, tenderness, and bleeding while brushing)

7

Localized VS Generalized

Limited to small focal area

Involves most of an area/segment

8

The most commonly seen colors of lesions are?

Uncommon colors?

Red, pink, white

Blue, purple, gray, yellow, black, brown

9

What are the 3 Morphologic Categories of Lesions

Elevated

Depressed

Flat

10

Elevated Lesions are classified in what 2 categories

Blisterform or Nonblisterform

11

Blisterform lesions contain _____ and are usually ____ and ______

Fluid

Soft

Translucent

12

What are the 3 types of Blisterform Elevated Lesions

Vesicle

Pustule

Bulla

13

Vessicles have a ____diameter and may contain __ or ___ and appear _____in color

1cm or less

serum

mucin

white

14

Pustules have a ______ diameter and contains _____ and has a _____color

about 5mm

pus

yellowish

15

A Bulla has a ______ diammeter and is filled with ______... The color depends on?

large (1cm or greater)

fluid (sometimes blood)

fluid content

16

Nonblisterform Elevated Lesions are __ and do not contain _____.

solid

fluid

17

What are the 4 classifications of Nonblisterform Elevated Lesions

Papule

Nodule

Tumor

Plaque

18

A Papule is a ______ diameter that may be what shapes?

small <5mm

pointed, rounded, flat-topped

19

A Nodule is _____than a papule

what size?

bigger

>5mm but <1cm

20

 A Tumor is ______ diameter. It refers to a general _____ or _____ not to ______

2cm or greater width

swelling

enlargement

neoplsam

21

A plaque is a slightly ____ lesion with a _____, _____ top.  It is usually larger than _____mm in diameter, with a ______ appearance

raised

broad, flat

5mm

"pasted on"

22

a Sessile is an _____ lesion with  a _____base 

elevated

broad

23

A Pedunculated elevated lesion has a ______shape and is attached with a ______

mushroom

thin stalk

24

A depressed lesion is one that is?

below the level of the skin or mucosa

25

A depressed lession depth is usually described as ______ or _____

superficial

deep

26

Most depressed lesions are ____ and represent a loss of ________

Ulcers

continuity of the epithelium

27

Ulcers have a __ to __ color center with a ___ border

gray 

yellow

red

28

An ___ may result from a rutpure of an elevated lesion

Ulcer

29

An __ is a shallow, depressed lesion that does not extend through the epithelium

Erosion

30

A _____ is a type of Flat lesion characterized by its contrasting color.

Macule

31

Exophytic means

growing outward

32

Papillary means

Resembling a small, nipple-shape

33

Any mass of tissue that projects outward or upward

Polyp

34

When must a biopsy of a lesion be performed

When it cant be identified with clinical certainty

35

The Cytologic Smear can only detect ___

surface lesions

36

One limitation of the Smear is that tx ?

Can't be determied by smear results only

37