Flashcards in Costley Module 14 ch 28 Deck (39):
Describe a type 1 embrasure
interdental gingiva fills interproximal area
Describe a type 2 embrasure
interdental papilla is missing/reduced in height
Describe a type 3 embrasure
extensive recession of interdental papilla and marginal papilla or complete loss of interdental papilla
Posterior teeth have _____ papillae and anterior teeth have _____ papillae
The epithelium of the col is usually __ and not ___
Col epithelium is ___ and is _____ resistant to infection
Most gingival disease starts in the _____
Interdental papillae are reduced in height due to ____ and loss of _____
Furcation areas of __ and ____ teeth are seen during advanced periodontitis
MX 1st premolars
The selection of interdental aids depends on the ___, ___ and ____ of the patient
risk of future recurrence
Historically ___ floss was used
____ floss is the main type of floss made today
Waxed floss help to prevent against?
trauma to soft tissue
breaks in the floss
Unwaxed floss is beneficial because pressure against a tooth surface with it will do what?
spread fibers and give wider surface for biofilm removal
Unwaxed floss ___ when passed over clean surfaces
Unwaxed floss can ____ and cause ____ due to the sharper thin edge
Best results are obtained by using floss ___ brushing
You should hold a _ to _ inch piece of floss and have a _ inch of floss between the fingertips
You should rest a side of a finger on teeth of the ___ side to provide a fulcrum
Hold floss in a __/___ position and guide floss with a gentle ____ motion to prevent snapping through a contact
You should move the floss in both an ____ and a ____ stroke
Dental ____ is better in retaining denitrifices against teeth
Floss cuts/clefts occur primarily on _ and __ surfaces
What are the 4 causes of floss cuts and floss clefts?
too long a piece of floss
too much pressure
Tufted floss is aslo called?
What are the 2 types of tufted floss
Tufted floss is used to remove biofilm in between teeth with __ embrasures
A floss threader is used around _____ appliances or under ___ appliances
An End-tuft brush is helpful on ___ surfaces of the mandibular _____ and the __ surfaces of the most posterior teeth
Tooth pick in holder is also called a "_____"
Wooden interdental cleaners are used on surfaces where the _____ are exposed and interdental gingiva are ____
oral irrigators are used for __ or __ purposes
The purpose of irrigators is to reduce the __ and _____ that lead to the initiation or progression of periodontal infections
Toothbrushes can only penetrate the gingiva how far?
There are 2 zones of hydrokinetic activity created by oral irrigators, they are?
Irrigation devices have shown a significant reduction of __ and __ even with water as the irrigant
Irrigants can change the ___ and ____ of subgingival biofilm organisms
What kinds of patients have to be evaluated, need physician consult, before introducing an oral irrigator?
people who need to premed