Costley Module 14 ch 28 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Costley Module 14 ch 28 Deck (39):
1

Describe a type 1 embrasure

interdental gingiva fills interproximal area

2

Describe a type 2 embrasure

interdental papilla is missing/reduced in height

3

Describe a type 3 embrasure

extensive recession of interdental papilla and marginal papilla or complete loss of interdental papilla

4

Posterior teeth have _____ papillae and anterior teeth have _____ papillae

2
1

5

The epithelium of the col is usually __ and not ___

thin
keratinized

6

Col epithelium is ___ and is _____ resistant to infection

protected
less

7

Most gingival disease starts in the _____

col

8

Interdental papillae are reduced in height due to ____ and loss of _____

bacteria
gingival attachment

9

Furcation areas of __ and ____ teeth are seen during advanced periodontitis

MX 1st premolars
molars

10

The selection of interdental aids depends on the ___, ___ and ____ of the patient

oral health
disease status
risk of future recurrence

11

Historically ___ floss was used

silk waxed

12

____ floss is the main type of floss made today

nylon (waxed/non-waxed)

13

Waxed floss help to prevent against?

trauma to soft tissue
breaks in the floss

14

Unwaxed floss is beneficial because pressure against a tooth surface with it will do what?

spread fibers and give wider surface for biofilm removal

15

Unwaxed floss ___ when passed over clean surfaces

squeaks

16

Unwaxed floss can ____ and cause ____ due to the sharper thin edge

hurt
discomfort

17

Best results are obtained by using floss ___ brushing

before

18

You should hold a _ to _ inch piece of floss and have a _ inch of floss between the fingertips

12
15
1

19

You should rest a side of a finger on teeth of the ___ side to provide a fulcrum

opposite

20

Hold floss in a __/___ position and guide floss with a gentle ____ motion to prevent snapping through a contact

diagonal/oblique
sawing

21

You should move the floss in both an ____ and a ____ stroke

up/down
shoe shine

22

Dental ____ is better in retaining denitrifices against teeth

tape

23

Floss cuts/clefts occur primarily on _ and __ surfaces

lingual/palatal
facial

24

What are the 4 causes of floss cuts and floss clefts?

too long a piece of floss
snapping floss
not curving
too much pressure

25

Tufted floss is aslo called?

floss/yarn combination

26

What are the 2 types of tufted floss

super floss
NUFloss

27

Tufted floss is used to remove biofilm in between teeth with __ embrasures

wide

28

A floss threader is used around _____ appliances or under ___ appliances

orthodontic
fixed denture

29

An End-tuft brush is helpful on ___ surfaces of the mandibular _____ and the __ surfaces of the most posterior teeth

lingual
molars
distal

30

Tooth pick in holder is also called a "_____"

perio aid

31

Wooden interdental cleaners are used on surfaces where the _____ are exposed and interdental gingiva are ____

tooth surfaces
missing

32

oral irrigators are used for __ or __ purposes

therapeutic
preventive

33

The purpose of irrigators is to reduce the __ and _____ that lead to the initiation or progression of periodontal infections

bacteria
inflammatory mediators

34

Toothbrushes can only penetrate the gingiva how far?

1mm

35

There are 2 zones of hydrokinetic activity created by oral irrigators, they are?

impact zone
flushing zone

36

Irrigation devices have shown a significant reduction of __ and __ even with water as the irrigant

bleeding
gingivitis

37

Irrigants can change the ___ and ____ of subgingival biofilm organisms

quality
quantity

38

What kinds of patients have to be evaluated, need physician consult, before introducing an oral irrigator?

people who need to premed

39

Incidence of bacteremia from irrigation ranges from ____% to ___% in patients with gingivitis and periodontitis respectively

6
50