MSK - Anatomico-Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

ESA 2 > MSK - Anatomico-Medical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK - Anatomico-Medical Terminology Deck (54):
1

Sagittal Plane

Divides body into left and right portions

2

Frontal/Coronal Plane

Divides body into front and back portions

3

Transverse/ Horizontal Plane

Divides body into upper and lower portions

4

Proximal Position

Position is nearer the root of the limb that another structure in the limb e.g. knee is proximal to hip than foot

5

Distal position

Position is further away from the root of the limb than another structure in the limb e.g. foot is distal to hip than knee

6

Medial direction

Towards the midline

7

Lateral direction

Away from the midline

8

Superior direction

Up/ towards head

9

Inferior direction

Down/ towards feet

10

Ventral direction

Towards front

11

Dorsal direction

Towards back (FLIPS AT LOWER EXTREMITIES BEWARE)

12

Anterior Position

In front

13

Posterior position

At the back

14

Prone position

Lying face down

15

Suprine position

Lying face up

16

Unilateral position

Situated on one side of the body

17

Bilateral Position

Situated on both sides of the body

18

Flexion (in terms of the shoulder)

Brings arm up and forward

19

Extension (in terms of the shoulder)

Brings arm back

20

Abduction (in terms of the shoulder)

Brings arm up at the side and away from the midline (lateral direction)

21

Adduction (in terms of the shoulder)

Brings arm towards midline (medial direction)

22

Medial Rotation (in terms of the shoulder)

Rotates arm towards midline

23

Lateral Rotation (in terms of the shoulder)

Rotates arm away from the midline

24

Circumduction

Abduction + Adduction + Flexion + Extension = arm moves in a circular motion

25

Flexion of elbow

Bends forearm superiorly

26

Extension of elbow

Bends arm inferiorly

27

Pronation of forearm

Turns hand so palm is face down

28

Supination of forearm

Turns hand so palm is face up

29

Abduction of hand

Radial deviation therefore moving hand left

30

Adduction of hand

Ulnar deviation therefore moving hand right

31

Extension of hand

Pulls hand backwards

32

Flexion of hand

Flops hand forward

33

Abduction of fingers

Spreads fingers out

34

Adduction of fingers

Brings fingers together

35

Flexion of fingers

Fingers move downwards

36

Extension of fingers

Fingers move upwards

37

Palmar abduction

Thumb moves towards the ceiling (sagittal plane)

38

Palmer adduction

Thumb moves back towards the palm

39

Radial Abduction

Thumb moves towards radius (coronal plane)

40

Radial Flexion

Thumb bends across palm

41

Opposition of thumb

Rotatory movement where thumb tip touches tips of other fingertips

42

Reposition of thumb

Thumb rotates back out

43

Flexion of hip

Bends leg forwards

44

Extension of hip

Bends leg backwards

45

Abduction of hip

Leg moves away from midline in sagittal plane

46

Adduction of hip

Leg moves towards midline in sagittal plane

47

Internal rotation of hip

Rotates towards midline

48

External rotation of hip

Rotates away from midline

49

Flexion of knee

Bends knee upwards

50

Extension of knee

Bends knee back down

51

Dorsiflexion of foot

Bending of dorsum of foot (top) upwards

52

Plantarflexion of foot

Bending of ventral foot downwards

53

Inversion of foot

Twisting of foot so sole points towards the midline

54

Eversion of foot

Twisting of foot so sole points away from the midline

Decks in ESA 2 Class (63):