Flashcards in MSK - The Cubital Fossa Deck (14):
What is the lateral border of the cubital fossa?
The medial border of the brachioradialis
What is the medial border of the cubital fossa?
The lateral border of pronator teres
What is the superior border of the cubital fossa?
The imaginary line between the two epicondyles of the humerus
What forms the floor of the cubital fossa?
- The brachialis (proximally)
- The supinator (distally)
What forms the roof of the cubital fossa?
- Skin and fascia
- Reinforced by bicipital aponeurosis
What runs through the roof of the cubital fossa? Why is this relevant?
- Median cubital vein
- Easy access for venepuncture
What is the contents of the cubital fossa?
- Radial nerve
- Biceps tendon
- Brachial artery
- Median Nerve
Describe the path of the radial nerve in the cubital fossa
- Passes underneath the brachioradialis
- Divides into deep and superficial branches
Describe where the brachial artery bifurcates
- Apex of the cubital fossa
- Forms the radial and ulnar arteries
Describe the path of the median nerve in the cubital fossa
Leaves the CF between the two heads of the pronator teres
Where can the brachial pulse be palpated? Why is this significant?
- Immediately medial to the biceps tendon
- Significant for measuring blood pressure as is location for placing the stethoscope
Why is the location of the median cubital vein significant?
- Located superficially at the roof
- Easy access so is common for venepuncture
- Also connects the basilic and cephalic veins
Describe a supracondylar fracture. How do these usually occur?
- Transverse fracture between the two epicondyles
- Usually caused by falling of a flexed elbow