Neuro C Multiple Sclerosis Flashcards Preview

Test 7 > Neuro C Multiple Sclerosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro C Multiple Sclerosis Deck (16):
1

Oligoclonal Bands

Show up on autoimmune patients elecrophoresis results

2

MS evoked potential result

Prlolonged evoked potentials (slowed conduction)

3

MS definition

Autoimmune CNS demyelinating disease (patchy), PNS spared

4

MS age of onset

21-40

5

MS geographic incidence

Colder climates have higher risk

6

MS virus etiology

Probable virus

Molecular Mimicry

Canine Distemper Virus

7

MS lesion locations

Periventricular

8

Uthoff's phenomenon

Symptoms worsen with heat

9

Lhermitte's sign

Shock from flexing neck forward
Indicates spine lesion, commonly from MS

10

Intranuclear Opthalmoplegia

Frequently due to MLF lesion, one eye stays at midline while other tracks

11

Optic neuritis sign

Marcus-Gunn pupil
-When light is swung to affected eye, dilation is seen (less constriction)

12

Facial Palsy

LMN injury will be entire side of face, UMN injury (MS) will spare forehead

13

Most common MS

Relapsing remitting MS

14

Poser criteria Dx

At least 2 lesions separated by time and space, based on pt history

15

McDonald criteria Dx

MRI, one lesion

16

4 things for every neurological DDx

Syphilis
HIV
Lyme disease
Thyroid disease