Neuro G Epilepsy Flashcards Preview

Test 7 > Neuro G Epilepsy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neuro G Epilepsy Deck (18):
1

Generalized v Partial seizure

Bilateral v Focal

2

Partial: Complex v Simple seizure

Impairment of consciousness

3

Only seizure with post-ictal period

Tonic-clonic

4

Status epilepticus

Seizures lasting >30min

5

Aura

Partial "warning" seizure

6

Mesial Temporal Sclerosis

Hippocampal gliosis & neuronal loss -> seizures

7

Generalized seizures anatomy

Thalamus -> Cortex

8

Epilepsy Dx

Clinical, not laboratory (EEG not always accurate)

9

Seizure lab finding

Elevated prolactin levels

10

First line Tx:
Partial seizures

Carbamazepine

11

First line Tx:
Generalized seizures

Valproic acid

12

First line Tx:
Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

13

First line Tx:
Status epilepticus

IV Diazepam
IV Phenytoin

14

Metabolism problem

Induce liver enzymes, speed metabolism of oral contraceptives

15

Febrile seizure Tx

none unless significant

16

Absence seizure distinguishing features

No aura or post-ictal confusion
Inherited

17

West Syndrome

Infantile spasms (4-6 months)
-progressive mental retardation

18

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

2-10 years
Similar to infantile spasms