nm history ch 4&5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in nm history ch 4&5 Deck (50)
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1

1930 that attempted to stem the loss of American jobs by making foreign products more expensive; the law resulted in a trade war that proved harmful to the world economy

Smoot-Hawley Tariff

2

Albuquerque politician during the 1930s who was able to draw a lot of federal money to NM

Governor Clyde Tingley

3

area of the Southern plains hit by an environmental disaster during the 1930s

Dust Bowl

4

a sudden, economically disastrous, drop in prices

deflation

5

bootcamp-style program that hired young men to work for 6 month stints

Civilian conservation corps

6

change to the Constitution that gave women the vote

19th amendment

7

Democratic president who oversaw the passage and administration of the New Deal

President Roosevelt

8

Depression Era teacher who encouraged Indian students to create art in their own traditions

Dorothy Dunn

9

federal agent who attempted to give Native Americans in New Mexico more independence

John Collier

10

federal program that hired Americans to build large public works like dams, bridges, and roads

Public Works Administration

11

first acting governor in the United States who was a woman; only governor of NM for 16 days

Governor Soledad chavez de chacon

12

first female Hispanic governor of a state; currently New Mexico’s governor

governor susana martinez

13

government program to help students stay in school during the Depression

national youth administration

14

idea that White, Protestant, Anglo-Saxon culture should be the only culture tolerated or celebrated

100% americanism

15

influential and well-educated advocate for passage of the 19th Amendment in New Mexico

nina otero-warren

16

intimate Presidential radio broadcasts designed to lift Americans’ spirits during the Depression

fireside chats

17

law that allowed workers in the US to form unions so that they could negotiate for better wages

national industrial recovery act

18

made the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor illegal

18th amendment

19

name for a large set of 1930s policies that greatly expanded the government’s role in the economy

new deal

20

name for people who produced illegal alcohol during Prohibition

bootleggers

21

New Deal program that employed painters and sculptors

Federal Art Project

22

nickname for migrants forced out of areas affected by the Dust Bowl

Okies

23

NM senator whose Washington connections served him well in attracting New Deal programs to NM

senator chavez

24

policies that segregated blacks and whites; promoted by white supremacists like the KKK

Jim Crow Laws

25

policy designed to limit environmental damage that ruined many Navajo livelihoods during the 1930s

Taylor Grazing Act

26

policy where students who spoke Spanish were kept separate and only taught in English

"direct method"

27

politician whose untimely death resulted in the rise of an influential Democratic opponent

senator cutting

28

president who was, fairly or unfairly, blamed for the advent of the Great Depression

president hoover

29

program during the Depression that gave playwrights, journalists, and historians jobs

Federal Writer's Project

30

proposed law that would have given Pueblo lands to mostly white settlers living near or on them

Bursum Bill