Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prokaryotic/Eukaryotic Test Deck (30):
1

broadest taxon of Linnaeus’ classification hierarchy

The kingdom

2

Cocci

5 circles grouped together

3

most specific taxon of Linnaeus’ classification hierarchy

the species

4

eukaryotic

Cells that have a nucleus (protists, fungi, plants, animals)

6

prokaryotes

Cells that do not have a nucleus (bacteria, archairia)

7

Kingdoms and domains

Domains are broader categories than kingdoms.

8

basic defining characteristics of Bacteria

Larger in number of the 2 kingdoms (more types); live nearly everywhere.
- Usually surrounded by a thick cell wall containing peptidoglycan

9

basic defining characteristics of Archaea

Lack peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
- Are extremophiles

10

basic defining characteristics of Fungi

multicellular, eukaryotic, feeds of decomposing material, cell walls made of chitin, heterotroph

11

basic defining characteristics of plants

multicellular, eukaryotic, autotroph, cell walls made of cellulose

12

basic defining characteristics of animals

multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotroph, lack cell walls

13

is bacteria or archaea older?

bacteria

14

where does archaea live?

extreme conditions mostly

15

how would lack of light affect mushroom's growth?

it wouldn't, it doesn't extract nutrients from the sun

16

how would lack of light affect plant's growth?

completely, because photosynthesis won't work without it

17

protist

any organism not fungus, plant, animal, or prokaryote

18

Why is Protista sometimes referred to as the ‘throwaway’ kingdom

it contains eukaryote that don’t fit into other kingdom

18

What does it mean to be an extremophile?

live and thrive in harsh environments other organisms can't

19

What are the common names of animal-like protists and plant-like protists

protozoa and algae

20

Autotrophs

make their own food---- Plants

21

Gram postive

Stains purple, contains thick peptidoglycan cell wall

22

heterotroph

get energy from the food they eat-- animals

23

Eukarya

Animalia, plantae, fungi, protista

24

Archaea

Archaeabacteria

24

Where does bacteria live

Almost everywhere

25

Bacilli

Soap shape

27

why fungus-like protists are not considered true fungi

They’re single celled and lack chitin.

27

Spirrilla

Spiral E

28

Gram negative

Stains pink, contains thin peptidoglycan layer under outer membrane

29

Bacteria

Eubacteria