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Flashcards in nm history ch 4 Deck (26)
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Born in los lunas, strong proponent of women's rights. bilingual and well educated soloman luna was greatly influenced by her because she was his niece. through 1910 to 1920 she continued to lobby political leaders. New Mexico passed the 19th amendment in February 1920.

Nina-otero warren


New Mexico's conservative US senator against woman's rights and believed women's purpose was to stay home, have children, have more children, cook, and wash dishes

Thomas Catron


The US constitution ratified by NM's state legislature, about women's right to vote

19th amendment


Was elected as new mexico's first female secretary of state, went on to become the first woman and Hispanic woman serving as governor

Soledad Chavez de Chacon


Democrat from Carlsbad, 1st women elected to the US House of Representatives from New Mexico, served one term in congress--in 1947-1949

Georgia Lee Witt Husk


One of the first two Hispanic women to graduate from UNM law school in 1973, became the 1st woman to serve as the chief justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court when she was unanimously elected by her fellow Supreme Court judges in Jan 2003

Petra Jimenez Maes


Republic, became new mexico's first elected female governor in 2011. She also became the first elected Hispanic female governor im America history

Susana Martinez


Passed in the 1920s, allowing local school boards to provide "separate rooms for the teaching of pupils of African descent"

Jim Crow Laws


Came to the US to attend school at 10 yrs old. While a lawyer in Las Vegas, he entered politics. When elected NM's 2nd Hispanic governor, he delivered his inaugural address in english and spanish, later elected to US senate. He worked hard to limit child labor, establish compulsory education, and create bilingual education program.

Octaviano Larrazolo


Born in 1927, she lived in East Las Vegas, largely Anglo. She and other Hispanic children were separated in different rooms. At recess, they were kept separate- anglo children only joined anglo clubs.

Mari-Luci Jaramillo


To be anything less than 100% american in language and culture was to be unpatriotic in an age of tolerance not unlike the extreme WWI intolerance

100 percent americanism


Spanish speakers were segregated in the 1st grade where they heard + spoke only english, until they'd mastered enough english to proceed into regular 1st grade classes. This stripped Hispanic children of their dignity and pride about their culture and heritage.

The "direct method"


Mutual aid societies. Hispanic citizens defended their interest and rights by organizing and joining them

Sociedades mutualistas


The most committed federal prohibition in NM in the 1920s. He wanted to catch moonshiners, rumrunners, and bottlegoers in southern NM and he took a photo of every crime scene he made on crest

Howard S. Beacham


He came to NM in the mid-1880s to recover from his poor health and to find new economic opportunities. He became a lawyer, a judge, a legislator and in 1898 a captain in the spanish american war.

Albert Fall


Him and his two friends came upon a cave of alcohol

Tomas Brown


Prohibition agent, disappeared while working on a case in NE NM, only his car was found abandoned on an isolated stretch of real road in 1930

Rat Sutton


Manufacturing and transport of liquor, they made home deliveries, known so well you only had to be in cities within hour before purchasing liquor.



In carlsbad caverns, the illegally produced liquor was manufactured in an isolated canyon in catron canyon that became known as moonshine canyon

Moonshine canyon


A threat to Native American right, New Mexico's US senator would have given title of much pueblo land to non-indians who had long occupied property on Pueblo borders

Bursum Bill


Pueblo leaders (like Tony Lujon) in taos the council to battle Bursum's plans

All Pueblo Council


tribal leaders in the Taos Pueblo attempted to use their practical skills to defend it. It was a place of great spirtual importance in their native religion

Blue Lake


(Prohibition), prohibited the manufacturing and sale of alcohol

18th Amendment


The most powerful temperature organization in the nation, identified saloons, like Albuquerque's infamous Bucket of Blood, as centers of vice and violence

Women's Christian Temperance Union


Most famous arrest of the prohibition era, he was apprehended near Alamogordo and charged with transporting liquor from Mexico by car in early 1927

Franklin Turner aka George kelly


Most famous bootlegger in the entire US, vacationed in Jémez and at fenton lake, accompanied by bodyguards. Special FBI agent assigned to watch him although there is no evidence he engaged in illegal activities during his leisurely visits to New Mexico

Alphonse "Al" Capone