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Flashcards in nm history ch 6 Deck (31):
1

65 mile ordeal that resulted in the brutal suffering and demise of nearly 900 New Mexicans.
war crime perpetuated by Japanese troops in the Philippines during WWII.

Death March

2

Acclaimed Albuquerque war-time journalist who was killed while reporting on the front-line in the pacific

Ernie Pyle

3

Aggressive nation whose expansion and belligerence drew America into WWII

Japan

4

American physicist who led the team of scientists who worked secretly in los Alamos

J. Robert Oppenheimer

5

American president who made the decision to use nuclear weapons against japan

Harry S. Truman

6

American strategy for victory in pacific that required large navy and Air Force

Island hopping

7

American territory that japan successfully invaded and captured at the beginning of WWII

Philippines

8

Army engineer who oversaw the American efforts to develop the atomic bomb

General Leslie Groves

9

Beloved Albuquerque writer who published news stories about regular soldiers serving on the front

Ernie Pyle

10

Commander of New Mexican troops who finally surrendered to the Japanese on April 9, 1942

Charles G. Sage

11

Coordinated effort of Mexico and US to increase Mexican immigration into US
Government policy that sought to address the labor shortage in agricultural jobs during WWII

Bracero program

12

Disguised Japanese prisoner transports that were frequently target for US bombers

Hell ships

13

Formal surrender of the empire of japan

August 15, 1945

14

Group formed to seek information about and to send aid to New Mexicans who were imprisoned or missing in the Philippines

Bataan relief organization

15

Group whose children were killed while serving their country in the military during WWII

Gold star mothers

16

International protocols for the humane treatment of wartime prisoners. These were not followed in the Japanese POW camps on Luzon island

Geneva conventions

17

Untested Uranium fueled atomic weapon dropped on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945

Little boy

18

Many former CCC camps at Roswell, lordsburg, and fort Stanton were converted into these during WWII.
Locations where American citizens were unconstitutionally detained because of their ethnicity.

Internment camps

19

Los Angeles engineer who recommended the use of Navajo language for military coding during WWII

Philip Johnston

20

Location which Oppenheimer suggested as the headquarters for scientific work on nuclear weapons

Los Alamos ranch school

21

Location where American and Filipino forces surrendered control of the Philippines

Bataan Peninsula

22

Japanese city that first experienced the horrific destruction of a nuclear weapon

Hiroshima

23

New Mexican military unit that was stationed on Luzon island and participated in the Bataan Death March

515th coast artillery

24

place where the first atomic weapon detonated

Trinity site

25

Plutonium based atomic weapon whose first prototype was detonated in nm

Fat man

26

Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist whose work depicted the everyday life of American soldiers

Bill maudlin

27

Surprise Japanese attack’s that killed over 2000 Americans and prompted US entry into WWII

Pearl Harbor

28

wartime sacrifice that many New Mexicans at home made to support the war effort

rationing

29

TRUE or FALSE: The brave resistance of American troops to the Japanese invasion of the Philippines was an important factor in their treatment during the Bataan Death March.

true

30

TRUE or FALSE: Ironically, most of the men who died during the Bataan Death March were killed by American bombers.

false

31

TRUE or FALSE: Prisoners of war were treated inhumanely on both sides of the Pacific during WWII.

false