theology ch 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in theology ch 3 Deck (47):
1

The willful renunciation of the Faith in its entirety

Apostasy

2

A person who denies the Faith altogether

Apostate

3

A person who denies one or more doctrines of the Faith

Heretic

4

Those christians who offered sacrifices to the pagan gods

Sacrificanti

5

Those christians who burned incense to the pagan gods

Thurificati

6

Christians who formally renounced their faith, offering sacrifices to the pagan gods

Lapsi

7

By what name did Christianity first refer to itself?

The way

8

As the early christians grew in number, what did they do that caught the attention of the romans?

They tried to separate themselves from romans and their beliefs

9

What age did Nero become the emperor

17

10

Why'd Nero start the fire?

To build his enormous palace

11

When strong rumors circled of Nero starting the fire, what'd he do?

He used all christians as a scapegoat

12

Some ways Nero tortured christians?

-had them crucified
-dressed in furs and attacked their parts like an animal
-had dogs attack them and eat them alive
-had them burned alive

13

Most notable of the christians who died under Nero's persecutions

Saints Peter and Paul

14

Meaning of Nero's principle Christiani non sint

Let the christians be exterminated

15

How'd Nero die

Suicide

16

Once Nero had no power left, what'd he do?

Fled, changed his name, and became a musician

17

Caligula' family

Few were slaughtered, has incest with three of his sisters, got one sister pregnant and ripped her womb open, and allegedly ordered his uncle smothered to death

18

Caligula's insanity

Incest with 3 of his sisters, made his horse guest of honor at feasts + wanting horse to be consul of Rome, had a pontoon bridge built which he ran back & forth on for two days straight, cut his baby out of his sister's womb, sexually abused women, men, and babies

19

Domitian's nickname

dominus et deus- Lord and God

20

ways Domitian sought to control both Christians & Jews

he levied a special tax only on Christians & Jews to pay for a new temple dedicated to Jupiter

21

Superstitious roman beliefs concerning Christians

people accused Christians of engaging in sacrificing babies & drinking their blood, casting evil spells, presumed as atheists, and causing famines, earthquakes, + floods.

22

why were "good emperors" called good emperors?

they had the support of senate, army, + people, weren't insane (i think) not insane in the public eye which after nero and caligula, and worked to secure existing borders

23

why does st. ignatius have the title of apostolic father

he knew st. john, peter, and paul

24

when she was mocked during childbirth, how'd st. felicity respond?

christ will give me strength to bear it

25

what was the name of the document he authored?

Adverus Haereses

26

how'd st. ignatius die?

eaten alive by lions

27

who was the saint who didn't want anyone to interfere in his death?

St. Ignatius

28

how did polycarp die

killed with sword

29

how'd saints felicity & perpetua die

stabbed to death after scourging and fire didn't work

30

what was st. irenaeus' greatest contribution?

his writings

31

what happened to christians who refused to renounce their faith?

sent into exile or put to death

32

why was st. lawrence arrested?

for celebrating mass

33

how'd the popes deal with the lapsi

lapsi could come back after long penance

34

lawrence's famous quote

"im roasted enough on this side, turn me around."

35

what happened after lawrence was arrested?

roasted alive

36

what'd Diocletian do regarding the christians when he had time on his hands?

issued four edicts that started the Great persecution

37

1st edict

destroying churches and scriptures, banned christian gatherings

38

2nd edict

imprisonment of clergy

39

3rd edict

pagan sacrifice from clergy

40

4th edict

pagan sacrifice from all christian

41

which edict caused the most deaths

fourth edict

42

how'd agnes die and how old was she?

beheaded and 12/13

43

how'd her faith be brought to the attention of roman authorities

men angry about her purity denounced her as a christian

44

constantine's symbol on shield

cross

45

what'd st. helen find

jesus' cross, true cross

46

who was constantine's mother

st. helen

47

where'd st. helen construct churches

jesus' nativity and ascension