Flashcards in theology ch 3 Deck (47):
The willful renunciation of the Faith in its entirety
A person who denies the Faith altogether
A person who denies one or more doctrines of the Faith
Those christians who offered sacrifices to the pagan gods
Those christians who burned incense to the pagan gods
Christians who formally renounced their faith, offering sacrifices to the pagan gods
By what name did Christianity first refer to itself?
As the early christians grew in number, what did they do that caught the attention of the romans?
They tried to separate themselves from romans and their beliefs
What age did Nero become the emperor
Why'd Nero start the fire?
To build his enormous palace
When strong rumors circled of Nero starting the fire, what'd he do?
He used all christians as a scapegoat
Some ways Nero tortured christians?
-had them crucified
-dressed in furs and attacked their parts like an animal
-had dogs attack them and eat them alive
-had them burned alive
Most notable of the christians who died under Nero's persecutions
Saints Peter and Paul
Meaning of Nero's principle Christiani non sint
Let the christians be exterminated
How'd Nero die
Once Nero had no power left, what'd he do?
Fled, changed his name, and became a musician
Few were slaughtered, has incest with three of his sisters, got one sister pregnant and ripped her womb open, and allegedly ordered his uncle smothered to death
Incest with 3 of his sisters, made his horse guest of honor at feasts + wanting horse to be consul of Rome, had a pontoon bridge built which he ran back & forth on for two days straight, cut his baby out of his sister's womb, sexually abused women, men, and babies
dominus et deus- Lord and God
ways Domitian sought to control both Christians & Jews
he levied a special tax only on Christians & Jews to pay for a new temple dedicated to Jupiter
Superstitious roman beliefs concerning Christians
people accused Christians of engaging in sacrificing babies & drinking their blood, casting evil spells, presumed as atheists, and causing famines, earthquakes, + floods.
why were "good emperors" called good emperors?
they had the support of senate, army, + people, weren't insane (i think) not insane in the public eye which after nero and caligula, and worked to secure existing borders
why does st. ignatius have the title of apostolic father
he knew st. john, peter, and paul
when she was mocked during childbirth, how'd st. felicity respond?
christ will give me strength to bear it
what was the name of the document he authored?
how'd st. ignatius die?
eaten alive by lions
who was the saint who didn't want anyone to interfere in his death?
how did polycarp die
killed with sword
how'd saints felicity & perpetua die
stabbed to death after scourging and fire didn't work
what was st. irenaeus' greatest contribution?
what happened to christians who refused to renounce their faith?
sent into exile or put to death
why was st. lawrence arrested?
for celebrating mass
how'd the popes deal with the lapsi
lapsi could come back after long penance
lawrence's famous quote
"im roasted enough on this side, turn me around."
what happened after lawrence was arrested?
what'd Diocletian do regarding the christians when he had time on his hands?
issued four edicts that started the Great persecution
destroying churches and scriptures, banned christian gatherings
imprisonment of clergy
pagan sacrifice from clergy
pagan sacrifice from all christian
which edict caused the most deaths
how'd agnes die and how old was she?
beheaded and 12/13
how'd her faith be brought to the attention of roman authorities
men angry about her purity denounced her as a christian
constantine's symbol on shield
what'd st. helen find
jesus' cross, true cross
who was constantine's mother