THEOLOGY FINAL BECAUSE THEY HATE US Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in THEOLOGY FINAL BECAUSE THEY HATE US Deck (80):
1

Diaspora-

dispersion

2

pious ones; withdrew into the desert with life of prayer and asceticism

essenes

3

separated ones

perishaya

4

Roman peace

pax romana

5

conquered most of the known world in 4th century B.C.

Alexander the Great

6

king’s of the Jewish kingdom when it reached zenim

David and Soloman

7

the brothers who founded Rome

Romulus and Remus

8

two main groups of Jewish religious leaders at the time of Jesus

Pharisees and Sadducees

9

bishop

successor to the apostles

10

includes the four marks of the church

nicene creed

11

only apostle not to be martyr; beloved disciple

St. John

12

apostle to the gentiles

S. Paul

13

apostle to the Jews

St. Peter

14

one who is sent

apostle

15

public revelation ended with his death; he wrote the book or revelation

St. John the Evangelist

16

first martyr

St. Stephen

17

holy spirit descended upon the apostles; the church was anointed through her mission; 3rd person of holy trinity was sent.

pentecost

18

supreme witness given to the truth

martyrdom

19

one, holy, catholic, apostolic

4 marks of the church

20

vicar of christ

pope

21

did not reject their heritage; worshiped in the synagogue

early christian jews

22

1st council declared gentiles don't have to follow mosaic law; address the issue of gentile converts

council of jerusalem

23

the successor of Moses

Joshua

24

Jesus Christ, son of God, savior; fish symbol

Ichthys

25

Greek for priest

Presbyteros

26

believes in one God

Monotheism

27

early christian ritual meal

agape

28

branch of theology that explains the catholic faith

apologetics

29

term given to early christian writers who came after the Apostles

Apostolic Fathers

30

St. Augustine's mother

St. Monica

31

definitive statement regarding the conative scripture

council of trent

32

days of fasting in the early church

wednesday + friday

33

a denunciation of the faith

apostasy

34

sentenced to a brothel and later beheaded

St. Agnes

35

refer to himself Dominus et Deus

Domitian

36

he defeated Maximian with the symbol of the cross

constantine

37

1st to use the term catholic, asked christians not to intervene with this martyrdom

St. Ignatius of Antioch

38

was martyr in the time of Miro

peter

39

noble woman and slave who were martyred

Sts. Perpetua and Felicity

40

“turn me over I’m done on this side.”

St Lawrence

41

God bearer

theotokos

42

Chrysostom

golden mouthed

43

the Spanish Inquisition started under their reign

ferdinand & isabella

44

were involved in the inquisition

Dominican and Franciscan

45

started the inquisition

gregory XI

46

30 days to confess

terms of grace

47

taking back Spain from Muslims

reconquista

48

martyred by “friend” Henry the II

St. Thomas becket

49

city where monastic reform began

Cluny

50

founder of Carthusians

St. Bruno

51

appointing family members to important jobs

nepotism

52

appointing bishops by secular rulers

lay investiture

53

selling of offices

simony

54

Knights of Hospitallers-

knights of Malta

55

befriended a sultan

St. Francis

56

Promised Indulgences if they fought in the crusade

pope urban II

57

after his death Islam spread

muhammad

58

war of religious character

crusade

59

supporters of proper icon use

iconophile

60

two dimensional holy picture

icon

61

and the son

filioque

62

the father of English history

st. bede

63

brought christianity to spain

sts. james + paul

64

Clovis was their leaders; 1st German tribesmen to enter the church

the franks

65

a council in spain that condemned arianism

toledo

66

are the spanish christians who lived under spanish rule

mozarabs

67

oak of Thor, chopped down the Boniface

wata

68

Opus Dei

work of god

69

profession of faith

shahada

70

holy month in Islam

ramadan

71

1) leader of Huns 2) Huns are uncivilized 3) Leo the Great talked him out of sacking Rome 4) he was called the scourge of God

atilla

72

Holy book of Islam

koran

73

submission

islam

74

the flight of Muhammad (Mecca to Medina)

hijra

75

translated Latin Vulgate

st. jerome

76

known for fighting against arianism at the council of Nicea

St. Athanasius

77

belief that salvation comes from a secret knowledge

gnosticism

78

material heresay

unknowingly choosing to hold beliefs opposed to church teaching

79

formal heresay

freely choosing to hold beliefs opposed to church teaching

80

St. Augustine of Hippo

supported war in the case of self-defense; his mom is St. Monica; “Our hearts are restless until they rest in you O lord”