nm history ch 4&5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in nm history ch 4&5 Deck (50):
1

1930 that attempted to stem the loss of American jobs by making foreign products more expensive; the law resulted in a trade war that proved harmful to the world economy

Smoot-Hawley Tariff

2

Albuquerque politician during the 1930s who was able to draw a lot of federal money to NM

Governor Clyde Tingley

3

area of the Southern plains hit by an environmental disaster during the 1930s

Dust Bowl

4

a sudden, economically disastrous, drop in prices

deflation

5

bootcamp-style program that hired young men to work for 6 month stints

Civilian conservation corps

6

change to the Constitution that gave women the vote

19th amendment

7

Democratic president who oversaw the passage and administration of the New Deal

President Roosevelt

8

Depression Era teacher who encouraged Indian students to create art in their own traditions

Dorothy Dunn

9

federal agent who attempted to give Native Americans in New Mexico more independence

John Collier

10

federal program that hired Americans to build large public works like dams, bridges, and roads

Public Works Administration

11

first acting governor in the United States who was a woman; only governor of NM for 16 days

Governor Soledad chavez de chacon

12

first female Hispanic governor of a state; currently New Mexico’s governor

governor susana martinez

13

government program to help students stay in school during the Depression

national youth administration

14

idea that White, Protestant, Anglo-Saxon culture should be the only culture tolerated or celebrated

100% americanism

15

influential and well-educated advocate for passage of the 19th Amendment in New Mexico

nina otero-warren

16

intimate Presidential radio broadcasts designed to lift Americans’ spirits during the Depression

fireside chats

17

law that allowed workers in the US to form unions so that they could negotiate for better wages

national industrial recovery act

18

made the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor illegal

18th amendment

19

name for a large set of 1930s policies that greatly expanded the government’s role in the economy

new deal

20

name for people who produced illegal alcohol during Prohibition

bootleggers

21

New Deal program that employed painters and sculptors

Federal Art Project

22

nickname for migrants forced out of areas affected by the Dust Bowl

Okies

23

NM senator whose Washington connections served him well in attracting New Deal programs to NM

senator chavez

24

policies that segregated blacks and whites; promoted by white supremacists like the KKK

Jim Crow Laws

25

policy designed to limit environmental damage that ruined many Navajo livelihoods during the 1930s

Taylor Grazing Act

26

policy where students who spoke Spanish were kept separate and only taught in English

"direct method"

27

politician whose untimely death resulted in the rise of an influential Democratic opponent

senator cutting

28

president who was, fairly or unfairly, blamed for the advent of the Great Depression

president hoover

29

program during the Depression that gave playwrights, journalists, and historians jobs

Federal Writer's Project

30

proposed law that would have given Pueblo lands to mostly white settlers living near or on them

Bursum Bill

31

sacred site for the Taos Indians that came under control of the U.S. Forest Service

blue lake

32

secluded canyon in the Gila Wilderness where illegal liquor was distilled during Prohibition

Moonshine Canyon

33

Secretary of the Interior under Hoover convicted of taking bribes and sent to jail

Albert B Fall

34

swift and sudden withdrawal of deposits sparked by fear and hysteria

bank run

35

symbol of organized crime during Prohibition

al capone

36

the government agency responsible for loaning currency to banks whose inaction caused the Great Depression

Federal Reserve

37

the organization, mostly composed of suffragettes, that is most responsible for arguing in favor of Prohibition

Women's Christian Temperance Union

38

troubled New Mexico labor union that lost its struggle against management in McKinley county

Gallup national miner's union

39

unsuccessful resettlement program for migrants from the Dust Bowl; just south of ABQ

Bosque Farms

40

what was the beginning cause for the great depression

stock market crash

41

when was the stock market crash and why was it not the main cause for the great depression

it was in 1929 and because rich people invested in stock, only 3% of americans lost money

42

what was the main cause of the great depression

banks collapsing

43

why exactly did the banks collapse

people couldn't pay back the loans they'd taken out for stocks => banks couldn't pay back those who had put money in them => FED RESERVE did nothing (even though that was literally their only job but whatever) and people saw all these banks fail => bank runs but how the system works is that banks loan out money they hold for people so only certain amount of people get their money back before its all gone => and no putting money in banks caused the whole system to collapse => and by 1931 1/3 of banks had failed i.e. 1/3 of the money supply in america had dried up

44

what was the year FDR was elected

1932

45

program that employed many members of the TSA during the depression

federal art project

46

racist organization that advocated for things like Jim Crow laws in new mexico

the Ku Klux Klan

47

name for the "oil leasing" scandal that rocked Warren G. Harding's administration during the 1920s

"Teapot Dome" scandal

48

slang term for illegally produced or imported alcohol during Prohibition

moonshine

49

decade during which Prohibition ENDED (people really needed a drink by that time)

1930s

50

unemployment rate for SKILLED workers in NM during the Great Depression

25%