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Flashcards in Nutrition and energy Deck (10)
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1

Define nutrition?

Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body's dietary needs

2

How do you calculate energy intake?

Energy intake = energy expenditure + change in energy stores

3

What factors affect Basal Metabolic Rate?

1) Height, weight size:
2) Body composition:
3) Gender
4) Age
5) Climate
6) Hormones
7) Temperature/illness
8) Nicotine and caffeine
9) Malnutrition
10) Fasting/starvation

4

How are carbohydrates stored in the body?

Stored as glycogen
Small pool size
Stored in liver/muscle

5

How is fat stored in the body?

Stored as triglycerides
Moderate-large (unlimited) pool size
Stored in adipose tissue

6

How is protein stored in the body?

Moderate (limited) pool size
Stored in muscles (including organs)

7

When is the fed state?

0-4 hours after food

8

When is the fasting state?

4-12 hours after food

9

When is the starved state?

12+ hours after food

10

What are the 6 essential nutrients to survive?

1) Water
2) Calories (carbs and fat)
3) Protein
4) Essential fatty acids
5) Vitamins
6) minerals/trace elements