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Flashcards in Pacific Northwest and New York Deck (20)
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1

The majority of Washington's vineyards are planted in which AVA?

Columbia Valley AVA

2

Willamette Valley AVA is to the east or west of the Cascades?

West

3

The Columbia Valley AVA lies to the east (in the rain shadow) of which mountain range?

Cascade Mountains

4

Because the Columbia Valley is in a rain shadow, the area is arid.  

What sort of vineyard management is necessary to keep vines alive?

Irrigation

Water comes from the Columbia River

5

What is the greatest threat grape growers face in the Columbia Valley?

Deep winter freezes, a major concern for grapegrowers, can slash crop sizes in half.

In some years, certain parts of Washington can lose up to 80% of their crop. 

6

What are the most important red/black grapes of Washington?

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Syrah

7

What are the most planted white grapes in Washington?

  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling

8

What are the most important nested AVAs within the Columbia Valley?

  1. Yakima Valley AVA
  2. Walla Walla AVA

9

What Oregon AVA has the largest concentration of wineries and vineyards?

Willamette Valley AVA

10

What is the climate of the Willamette Valley?

Moderate Maritime

Temperatures are kept constant by cool afternoon winds from the Pacific Ocean that enter the southern part of the valley through a break in the Coastal Mountain range.

11

What is the most planted red/black grape in Oregon?

Pinot Noir

12

What white grape is widely planted in Oregon?

Pinot Gris

13

What major Oregon AVA is located south of the Willamette Valley?

Southern Oregon AVA

14

Which winemaking region in Oregon has the warmest growing conditions?

Southern Oregon AVA

15

Name two nested AVAs within the Southern Oregon AVA.

  1. Umpqua Valley
  2. Rogue Valley

16

How do the vine species of New York vineyards compare to those on the west coast of the United States?

American and hybrid species prevail in upstate New York while the west coast of America primarily grows Vitis vinifera.

17

American and hybrid grape varieties from New York are mainly used to produce what?

Juices, jellies, and table grapes

Some of these grapes are used to produce wine thanks to their winter hardiness, but their flavors are not typically deemed desirable in wines.

18

What are the most widely planted Vitis vinifera grape varieties in New York?

White: 

  • Riesling
  • Chardonnay

Red:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Sauvignon

19

What is the most important AVA in New York?

Finger Lakes AVA

20

How is the Finger Lakes AVA successful at growing v. vinifera when the area is known to have such cold weather?

Glacial lakes store summertime heat that they release well into November, extending the growing season.