Pacific Northwest and New York Flashcards Preview

WSET ® Level 3 Wine > Pacific Northwest and New York > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pacific Northwest and New York Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

The majority of Washington’s vineyards are planted in which AVA?

A

Columbia Valley AVA

2
Q

Willamette Valley AVA is to the east or west of the Cascades?

A

West

3
Q

The Columbia Valley AVA lies to the east (in the rain shadow) of which mountain range?

A

Cascade Mountains

4
Q

Because the Columbia Valley is in a rain shadow, the area is arid.

What sort of vineyard management is necessary to keep vines alive?

A

Irrigation

Water comes from the Columbia River

5
Q

What is the greatest threat grape growers face in the Columbia Valley?

A

Deep winter freezes, a major concern for grapegrowers, can slash crop sizes in half.

6
Q

What are the most important red/black grapes of Washington?

A
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Syrah
7
Q

What are the most planted white grapes in Washington?

A
  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling
8
Q

What are the most important nested AVAs within the Columbia Valley?

A
  1. Yakima Valley AVA
  2. Walla Walla AVA
9
Q

What Oregon AVA has the largest concentration of wineries and vineyards?

A

Willamette Valley AVA

10
Q

What is the climate of the Willamette Valley?

A

Moderate Maritime

Temperatures are kept constant by cool afternoon winds from the Pacific Ocean that enter the southern part of the valley through a break in the Coastal Mountain range.

11
Q

What is the most planted red/black grape in Oregon?

A

Pinot Noir

12
Q

What white grape is widely planted in Oregon?

A

Pinot Gris

13
Q

What major Oregon AVA is located south of the Willamette Valley?

A

Southern Oregon AVA

14
Q

Which winemaking region in Oregon has the warmest growing conditions?

A

Southern Oregon AVA

15
Q

Name two nested AVAs within the Southern Oregon AVA.

A
  1. Umpqua Valley
  2. Rogue Valley
16
Q

How do the vine species of New York vineyards compare to those on the west coast of the United States?

A

American and hybrid species prevail in upstate New York while the west coast of America primarily grows Vitis vinifera.

17
Q

American and hybrid grape varieties from New York are mainly used to produce what?

A

Juices, jellies, and table grapes

Some of these grapes are used to produce wine thanks to their winter hardiness, but their flavors are not typically deemed desirable in wines.

18
Q

What are the most widely planted Vitis vinifera grape varieties in New York?

A

White:

  • Riesling
  • Chardonnay

Red:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
19
Q

What is the most important AVA in New York?

A

Finger Lakes AVA

20
Q

How is the Finger Lakes AVA successful at growing v. vinifera when the area is known to have such cold weather?

A

Glacial lakes store summertime heat that they release well into November, extending the growing season.