Flashcards in Period 2 Deck (16):
One inducement for the shift toward slave labor in the late 1600's was that...
fewer indentured servants were arriving at the same time it became easier to import slaves
The British government of the American colonies...
never developed an effective, centralized government
The "enumeration" principle in the Navigation Act of 1660 required that...
certain commodities like sugar, tobacco, and indigo could not be shipped outside the British empire
young single men looking for trading/trapping furs w/natives, tried to capture St. Augustine but spanish kicked them out, had native wives, lived in Quebec and rest of Canada, looking for passage to Asia which causes them to settle in North America
form permanent colony in NY, Dutch East India Co. creates spice trade, new slaves in New World (first introductions), farmed along Hudson River valley
colony w/raw materials, bloody wars w/natives, came for economic opportunity and religious havens, found tobacco in Virginia
came for God, gold and glory; wanted to find gold; conquistadores come to wipe out natives, create Santa Fe in Mexico, deal w/Pueblo Revolt in 1680 (attack b/c of land)
transportation on the middle passage, slaves came from West Africa to the Americas, manufactured goods came from England
wanted to simplify the Anglican church, located in Northeast, came for a religious haven but were intolerant themselves, Calvinists who believed in predestination
looked for wealth in land opportunities, began farming and Rolfe introduced tobacco, introduced to slavery and House of Burgesses in 1609`
the first cash crop cultivated/introduced by john rolfe
White indentured servants
went to backcountry after service was over and then rivaled the natives for land, mainly were young men who were 2nd, 3rd of 4th sons w/o prospects in England so found some in New World
Nathaniel Bacon and indentured servants from back country go against gov. berkely, kill indians for not helping them, causes a rise in slavery which was thought to have less opportunities for rebellion
slaves from Africa whose lineage are also enslaved
1680- Pueblos sick of Spanish settlers so they retreat to santa Fe and go back to Mexico