Perrault Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Perrault Abdomen Deck (106):
1

Esophogus is directly posterior to the:

L atrium

2

ivc, es, aorta pass diaphram at:

T8 T10 T12

3

abdominal cavity from intercostal space:

4th intercostal space to pelvic floor

4

greater omentum is made of:

mesentary (4 layers)

5

how many layers of mesentary is the greater omentum:

4

6

most organs in abdomen are derived from mesentaries that grew both ____ and ____

posteriorly and ventally

7

every organ in the GI tract is lined with _______ peritonium

visceral

8

the falciform ligament is a remnant of the:

ventral mesintary

9

the coronary ligament is a remnant of the

ventral mesintary

10

the hepatogastric ligament is a reminant of the ____

ventral mesintary

11

the hepatoduodenal ligament is a remnant of the:

ventral mesintary

12

the lesser omentum is a remnant of the

ventral mesintary

13

the lesser omentum is made up of the:

the hepatoduodenal ligament, the hepatogastric ligament

14

the greater omentum is a remnant of the

the dorsal mesintary

15

the mesentary proper is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

16

the transverse mesocolon is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

17

the sigmoid mesocolon is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

18

the gastrophrenic ligament is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

19

the gastrocolic ligament is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

20

the gastrosplenic ligament is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

21

the phrenicolocolic ligament is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

22

the sprenorenal ligament is a remnant of:

the dorsal mesintary

23

the intraperitoneal organ layers going out:

visceral peritoneum, peritoneal cavity, parietal peritoneum

24

the mesintary that comes off the dorsal wall and covers organs is known as:

mesintary proper

25

fluid can build up inside the peritoneal cavity in men and women in the spaces called:

rectovesicle pouch, rectouteral pouch

26

the only interperitoneal is:

interperitoneal fluid

27

organs suspended by mesentary are called:

intraperitoneal

28

organs suspended against the wall:

retroperitoneal

29

organs that never grew into the cavity are called:

retroperitoneal (esophogus and rectum)

30

organs that grew their own mesentaries and then retracted back to the wall:

secondary retroperitoneal (Duo 23, pan, col a+D)

31

intraperitoneal organs include:

stomach, duo 14, jejunum, illeum, cecum, appendix, Trans colon and sig colon

For the Intraperitoneal organs remember SALTD SPRSS (Pronounced Salted Spursss):

S = Stomach

A = Appendix

L = Liver

T = Transverse colon (

D = duodenum (only the 1 and 4))

S = Small intestines

P = Pancreas (only the tail though)

R = Rectum (only the upper 3rd)

S = Sigmoid colon

S = Spleen

32

lesser omentum is completey;

ventral mesentary

33

omentum bursa:

foramen winslow into greater sac

34

the three divisions of the gut are known for their_______ and they are______,_____,_____

vasculature from aorta, celiac trunk, superior messentaric artery, inferior messentaric artery

35

the entire gut that drains the gut is:

portal vein

36

the ailamentary contains:

mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, adventitia

37

the nerve that innervates the GI tract is:

vegas nerve

38

the meisner's plexus is responsible for

muscularis mucosa

39

the duodenum contains glands called:

brunners glands

40

the jejunum contains glands called:

plica circularis

 

 

41

the illeum contains glands called:

peyer's patches

 

42

the pancreas is __________

secondary retroperitoneal

43

suspensory ligamentum acts to:

suspend the superior portions of the duodenum, comes from right portion of the diaphram

44

the superior mesentaric artery and vein loop ______ of the duodenum,

on top

45

14 of duodenum are:

intraperitoneal

46

the 23 parts of the duodenum are:

retroperitoneal

47

the jejunum is in the _____ quadrant

upper left

48

the illium is in the _____ quadrant

lower right

49

the jejunum contain large _____

plica (folds) with villi

50

pilca cells have a number of _______

columnar cells (microvilli)

51

everything but fats get sent to the _______ and fats enter through the ______

portal system, lacteals

52

hepatic flexure is located on the _____

right side

53

splenic flexure is located on the _____

left side

54

pockets of the large intestine are called

haustra

55

the opening of the large intestine is called the :

cecum

56

there are three longitudinal muscles located along the large intestine known as the _______

tenia

57

fat nodules coming off of the large intestine are called:

epiploic appendicies

58

the superior mesentaric artery supplies the blood for the midgut up until the:

left colic flexure

59

the inferior mesentaric artery supplies the blood for the hindgut starting at the:

descending portion of large colon after left colic flexure

60

blood supply of the jejunum contain:

vasa recta

61

blood supply of the ileum:

ileal arcades

62

the rectum becomes the anus after passing through the:

pelvic diaphram

63

the superior portion of the rectum is supplied by the

inferior mesentaric artery

64

the middle and inferior portion of the rectum is supplied by the:

iliac artery inferior pudendal

65

the rectum is controlled by:

band of skeletal tissue that is connected to the pubis symphasis

66

the endodermal tube and the proctoneum are dilineated by the:

pectinate line (stratified squamous takes over)

67

ligamentum teres is the remnant of the:

umbilical vein

68

the ____ lobe of the liver contains the gallbladder:

right

69

the ____ of the liver is in direct contact with the diaphram

bare area

70

the falciform ligament is a ____ layer mesintary

2 mesintary

71

the _____ lobe is posterior and the ______ lobe is anterior

caudate, quadrate

72

______ was part of the ductus venosum and acted as a shunt from the fetal vein

ligamentum venosum

73

______ was part of the ductus venosum and acted as a shunt from the fetal vein

ligamentum venosum

74

the liver has 2 blood supplies and one drainage:

hepatic arteries portal veins, hepatic veins

75

hepatic gastric ligament:

free edge of the lesser omentum, lesser omentum=ventral mesoderm derviative

76

as blood moves in the portal triad (hepatic artery, portal vein, bile duct), it moves through the lobule to a ______ and then out to two hepatic veins before moving to the IVC, all while fluid moves in and creates bile and then moves to:

central vein, hepatic duct, then bile duct

77

the hepatic lobules have both_____ and ______ moving in

arterious and venous

78

gallbladder moves down to the _____ then the _______ then the _______

cystic duct, common bile duct, duodenal pillar

79

above the common hepatic duct are the _____ before meeting with the ______

left and right hepatic duct cystic duct

80

papillae of the duodenum (sphinter of odie) and common bile duct/main pancreatic duct is the division between:

foregut to midgut

81

the body and tail of the pancreas are located in the

bed of the lesser sack or bed of the recess

82

the _____ will pass posterior to the neck and anterior to the head of the _____

inferior mesenteric artery

83

the spleen is located at approximately ribs

9-11

84

the impressions of the spleen are:

gastric, renal, colic

85

the ______ artery runs along the floor of the omental bursa

splenic

86

gastric nerves are plexus branching off of the:

vegas nerve

87

blood supply of the duodenum is from the:

gastroduodenal artery

88

the gastroduodenal artery is a branch of the:

common hepatic, from the celiac trunk

89

forgut nerve supply is:

parasympathetic innervation- continuation of the esophageal vagal trunk

 

90

sympathetic innervation of the forgut is:

greater splanchnic nerve to celiac ganglion to celiac plexus

91

sensory nerve fibers of the foregut are from:

follow sympathetic course from T5-T9

92

most of the venous drainage of the gut is from:

splenic vein

93

Esophageal varices

Esophageal varices develop when normal blood flow to the liver is blocked by a clot or scar tissue in the liver. To go around the blockages, blood flows into smaller blood vessels that aren't designed to carry large volumes of blood. The vessels can leak blood or even rupture, causing life-threatening bleeding.

94

caput medusae

the appearance of distended and engorged superficial epigastric veins, which are seen radiating from the umbilicus across the abdomen.

95

the lymphatic drainage of the GI tract is:

cisterna chyli (dilated sac at the lower end of the thoracic duct into which lymph from the intestinal trunk and two lumbar lymphatic trunks flow.)

96

the greater ganglion nerve goes to the _____ ganglion to innervate the GI tract

celiac

97

referred pain is responsible for:

dilated sac at the lower end of the thoracic duct into which lymph from the intestinal trunk and two lumbar lymphatic trunks flow.

98

referred pain in the shoulder is a result of:

liver gallbladder and duodenum experience ref

99

referred pain in the shoulder is a result of:

liver gallbladder and duodenum experience phrenic nerve

100

pain in the left side is a result of referred pain in the:

spleen

101

pain in the right side is a result of referred pain from the:

galbladder/liver

102

pain in the middle of the belly is referred pain from the:

small intestine

103

pain in the middle of the belly is referred pain from the:

small intestine

104

pain in the lower left groin is referred pain from the:

kidney/ureter

105

The anterior portion of the stomach is innervated by:

Left vegus nerve

106

The posterior portion of the stomach is innervated by the 

the right vegus nerve