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Flashcards in Integration Across the Systems Deck (26):
1

Systems of the Body

DUC MINER(R)S

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Digestive System

Liver,Pancreas=absorbs nutrients for energy

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Urinary Sytem

Kidney=regulates blood ion concentration level and pH

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Cardiovascular System

Heart=distributes blood, H2O, heat regulation

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Muscular System

Skeletal Muscle=Movement, generates heat

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Integumentary System

Skin, hair, nails=protects from environment, sensory input, regulates temperature

7

Nervous System

Brain, spinal cord=Directs immediate responses to stimuli

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Endocrine System

Pit, thyroid, pancreas, renal, gonads,

9

Respiratory System

Trachea, Larynx, Lungs, Bronchi, Alveoli= Gas exchange, produces sound for communication

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Reproductive System

sartori cells, epididemis, vas deference, prostate, gonads, uteru=produces sex cells

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Regulation of Fluid Volume

DUC PILE

12

Vol. Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular system
Distribution
Capillary

13

Vol Pulmonary

Pulmonary endothelial cells make angiotensin-converting enzyme to participate in BP regulation

14

vol Integumentary

Insensible perspiration: one of the most serious complications of burned patients

15

Vol Lymphatic

Lymph returns to venous system and contributes to blood volume

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Vol Endocrine

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Aldosterone
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)

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Regulation of Composition

DUMPE(D)
Urinary
Digestive
Pulmonary?
Musculoskeletal system?
Endocrine?

18

Comp Urinary

Various transporters for electrolytes and acid/base on the nephrons

19

Comp Musculoskeletal

Osteoblast and osteoclast cells are under the control of calcitonin and parathyroid hormone, respectively. Together they regulate serum calcium concentration.

20

Comp Endocrine

Aldosterone

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Kidney role in Control and Regulation

Mainly under sympathetic (autonomic) innervation: vasoconstriction
Also has hormone receptors for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) and aldosterone.

22

Heart Role in Control and Regulation

Both sympathetic and parasympathetic
Thyroid hormones

23

Neg Feedback Loop

more less/less more

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Pos Feedback Loop

More More/less less

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Examples of Neg Feedback Loop

Blood glucose levels

26

Examples of Pos Feedback

Uterine contractions during child birth
Platlets