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Flashcards in Pharm 1 - Exam 3 Deck (78)
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31

What 2 vaccines are recombinant protein?

Hep B
HPV - Gardisil/Cervarix

32

What is the recommended population to receive LAIV/FluMist?

healthy individuals from 2yo-49yo.
Not for pregnant or immunocompromised pts.

33

What HPV serotypes are covered by Gardisil v. Cervarix?

Gardisil: 6, 11, 16, 18
Cervarix: 16, 18

34

T/F. DTAP vaccine contains part of the tetanus organism.

False. It contains a toxoid antigen.

35

In patients with sickle cell anemia, asplenia or nephrotic syndrome, which vaccine is imperative?

pneumovax

36

Which two vaccines are conjugate?

Hib and meningococcal

37

Which vaccine formate is most likely to produce an adequate immune response?

Live attenuated

38

Patients older than sixty start to have a marked decline in titers of what organism.

pneumococcus

39

This stool softener works as an anionic surfactant (helps lubricate stool).

Docusate/Colace

40

This stool softener works as an osmotic agent to draw water into the GI tract.

magnesium hydroxide/milk of magnesia

41

This drug is a stimulant/irritant laxative.

Bisacodyl/Dulcolax

42

This drug is an antidiarrheal that acts as an opioid receptor agonist.

Loperamide/Imodium

43

This class of drugs is generally contraindicated in patients with bacterial or parasitic infections with fever.

antidiarrheal

44

This antiemetic is and H1 blocker

Meclizine/Antivert

45

Metoclopramide/Reglan is a dopamine 2 ________ (agonist/antagonist) and mixed serotonin 3 _________/serotonin 4 _________ and is particularly indicated in diabetic gastroparesis.

antagonist, antagonist, agonist

46

This drug is indicated in sever nausea and is commonly given prior to chemotherapy treatments.

Ondansetron/Zofran

47

What agent will inactivate the emetic effect of Syrup of Ipecac?

Charcoal

48

What is the triple therapy used for PUD/H. pylori infection?

PPI, 20mg BID
amoxicillin, 1g BID
clarithromycin, 500mg BID
7-14 days

49

This drug is a H2 receptor agonist used to treat gastritis, PUD and GERD.

Ranitidine/Zantac

50

What do H2 receptor agonist and proton pump inhibitors put people at risk for?

GI infections d/t lowered stomach acid.
PPIs are most likely to increase incidence

51

This drug is a proton pump inhibitor

Omeprazole/Prilosec

52

This class of drugs works by inhibiting the H+/K+ ATP-ase pump of parietal cells, which reduces acid secretion

Proton pump inhibitors

53

What other kind of medication should be taken away from PPIs?

Thyroid medication

54

What is the difference between OTC and prescription Omeprazole/Prilosec?

OTC is half the dose of the prescription.

55

Of the drugs to treat gastritis, GERD and PUD, which is the most potent?

Omeprazole/Prilosec

56

What is the difference between Omeprazole/Prilosec and Esomeprazole/Nexium?

The molecules are mirror images and the pills are different colors. Otherwise, they are they function exactly the same.

57

What class of drugs might be substituted for the PPI in the triple therapy used to treat H. pylori/PUD?

Bismuth subsalicylate

58

This aminosalicylate is more effective in treating UC as opposed to Crohn's disease.

5-Aminosalicylic Acid (5-ASA)/Mesalamine

59

What is the difference between Aspirin and 5-ASA?

5-ASA is a pro-drug that is converted to acetylsalicylic acid by gut bacteria.

60

Do antibiotics benefit Crohn's or UC patients more?

Crohn's