PMR - Special Fxns, Properties, Prep Flashcards Preview

Spring 2013 / Herbs 1 > PMR - Special Fxns, Properties, Prep > Flashcards

Flashcards in PMR - Special Fxns, Properties, Prep Deck (42):
1

Which herb in its charred form can be used to stop diarrhea of chronic dysentery-like disorders?

Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation)

2

Which herb can stop headache pain (LV headaches at Du 20 & GB headaches that are one-sided)?

Chuan Xiong (Invigorate Blood)

3

Which herb can be used to disperse & scatter externally contracted wind-heat with headache & cough (esp. when wind-heat constrains the lungs)?

Qian Hu (Cool, Transform Phlegm-Heat)

4

Which herb disperses lurking wind in the KD channel? What is its category?

Du Huo (Dispel Wind-Dampness)

5

Which herbs can be used for GYN issues?

· Chuang Xiong - invigorates blood & promotes movement of Qi (treats dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, difficult labor)
· Chi Shao - invigorates blood, clears heat and cools blood (treats dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, GYN pbx from hot blood)
· Shu Di Huang - tonifies blood (treats irregular menses, uterine bleeding, postpartum bleeding)
· Dang Gui - known as the "woman's herb" in the Tonify Blood category (treats blood deficiency assoc w/ irregular menses, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea; also post-partum)
· Shan Zhu Yu - stabilizes menses & stops bleeding (weak effect)

6

Which herbs can treat vomiting & nausea?

· Zhi Ban Xia (Warm, Transform Cold Phlegm)
· Chen Pi (Regulate Qi)

7

Which herb can be used to treat bulging disorders?

Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation)

(think LV channel, which passes through the inguinal area where hernias are common)

8

Which herb can be used to treat goiter & scrofula?

Zhi Ban Xia (Warm, Transform Cold Phlegm)

9

Which herbs treat clumps, masses, ulcerations, or sores?

· Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation) - transforms blood stasis & dissipates clumps
· Chi Shao (Invigorate Blood) - treats fixed abdominal masses
· Lu Rong (Tonify Yang) - tonifies & nourishes Qi & Blood for ulcerations & boils
· Dang Gui (Tonify Blood) - treats sores & abscesses by tonifyign & invigorating blood
· Long Gu (Calm Spirit) - topically for chronic non-healing sores, ulcerations, or fractures
· She Xiang (Aromatic, Open Orifices) - invigorates blood, dissipates clumps, reduces swellings (palpable masses, toxic sores, carbuncles)

10

Which herb is toxic and must be boiled for 30-60 minutes before adding other herbs to the decoction?

Zhi Fu Zi (Warm the Interior & Expel Cold)

11

Which herb, because it warms Ming Men Fire and assists KD Yang, can be used for any problem of the HT, SP, or KD?

Zhi Fu Zi (Warm the Interior & Expel Cold)

12

Which herbs have a function to generate fluids?

· Ren Shen -- Bai Ren Shen only; not Hong Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Tai Zi Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Mai Men Dong (Tonify Yin)

13

Which herbs have a function to calm the spirit?

· Fu Ling (Drain Dampness)
· Fu Shen (Drain Dampness)
· Ren Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Long Gu (Anchor, Settle, Calm Spirit)
· Suan Zao Ren (Nourish Heart, Calm Spirit)

14

Which herbs have functions to support or secure the normal (Zheng Qi)?

· Dang Shen - supports the normal, and is therefore used with herbs that release the exterior or drain downward when the presentation includes significant Qi Deficiency
· Long Gu - secures Zheng Qi

15

Which Tonify Qi herb is often used in oncology and for unrelenting fever or summerheat in children?

Tai Zi Shen (Tonify Qi)

("Tai Zi" means prince)

16

Which herb is said to "quiet the fetus" for restless fetus due to SP Deficiency in the mom?

Bai Zhu (Tonify Qi)

17

Which Tonify Qi herb is said to enter all 12 channels, and also has a function to moderate & harmonize characteristics of other herbs, thus making it a great envoy? What channels does it primarily enter though?

· Gan Cao (Tonify Qi)
· LU, ST, SP, HT (Tai Yin, Earth pairs)

18

Which Tonify Qi herb has a function to moderate spasm & alleviate pain?

Gan Cao (Tonify Qi)

19

Which herbs can be used internally or topically?

· Gan Cao - as an antidote for toxic substances, internally or topically
· San Qi - to stop bleeding, internally or topically
· Long Gu - can be used topically (calcined & powdered) for chronic, non-healing sores & ulcers
· Da Suan - can be applied topically, but only for short periods since it is an irritant

20

Which herb has an effect on 4 of the extraordinary vessels? Which vessels?

· Lu Rong (Tonify Yang)
· Chong, Ren, Dai, Du

21

Which herbs have functions dealing with essence?

· Lu Rong - augments essence
· Shu Di Huang - tonifies essence
· Shan Zhu Yu - secures essence

22

Which herb can be used for infertility with a cold womb?

Lu Rong (Tonify Yang)

23

Which herb strongly enriches yin and relieves wasting & thirsting disorder?

Shu Di Huang (Tonify Blood)

24

Which herb has a function to reduce swelling, expel pus, and generate flesh?

Dang Gui (Tonify Blood)

25

Which herbs stop sweating?

· Bai Zhu - stabilizes exterior & stops spontaneous sweating from Qi deficiency
· Tai Zi Shen - augments the Qi and treats spontaneous sweating from Lung Qi deficiency
· Shan Zhu Yu - stops excess sweating, esp. with devastated yang & collapsed qi, as in shock
· Suan Zao Ren - prevents spontaneous sweating & night sweats

26

Which herb relieves Shao Yin stage disorders with headache & toothache?

Du Huo (Dispel Wind Dampness)

27

Which herbs relieve cough & wheezing?

· Hou Po - directs Qi down, reduces phlegm & calms wheezing
· Qian Hu - directs Qi downward & dispels phlegm, for coughing or wheezing with thick sputum
· Ren Shen - tonifies lungs & augments Qi for wheezing, shortness of breath
· Gan Cao - moistens lung & stops cough, for heat or cold in lungs and productive or unproductive coughs
· Dang Gui - weakly treats cough

28

Which herb augments marrow?

Shu Di Huang - Tonify Blood

29

Which herbs cannot be used long term?

· Long Gu - can injure the ST Qi with long term use
· She Xiang - use only for short periods of time

30

Which herbs have a function to release the exterior?

· Du Huo - treats wind / cold / damp & releases the exterior (Bi syndrome)
· Qian Hu - treats externally contracted wind-heat (headache, cough)
· Gou Teng - releases exterior wind-heat (fever, headache, red eyes)
· Chuan Xiong - expels exterior wind-heat & alleviates pain (headache, dizziness, painful obstruction, skin problems from wind)

31

Which herbs are contraindicated for pregnancy?

· Hou Po (Aromatic, Transform Dampness) - caution during pregnancy bc direction is downward
· Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation) - large doses C/I for pregnancy bc could lead to fetal death
· San Qi (Stop Bleeding) - caution during pregnancy bc invigorates blood
· Chuan Xiong (Invigorate Blood) - caution during pregnancy bc invigorates blood
· Zhi Fu Zi (Warm Interior, Expel Cold) - C/I bc toxic
· She Xiang (Aromatic, Open Orifices) - C/I bc hastens delivery & facilitates passage of stillborns as one of its fxns
· Da Suan (Expel Parasites) - C/I to apply topically around anus or as an enema during pregnancy

32

Which herbs are Aromatic?

· Hou Po (Aromatic, Transform Dampness)
· Chen Pi (Regulate Qi)
· She Xiang (Aromatic, Open the Orifices)

33

Which herbs are Sour?

· Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation)
· Chi Shao (Invigorate Blood)
· Shan Zhu Yu (Stabilize & Bind)
· Suan Zao Ren (Nourish Heart, Calm Spirit)

34

Which herbs are Slightly Bitter?

· San Qi (Stop Bleeding)
· Ren Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Tai Zi Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Mai Men Dong (Tonify Yin)

35

Which herb is Astringent?

Long Gu (Anchor, Settle, Calm Spirit)

36

Which herbs are Neutral in temperature?

· Fu Ling (Drain Dampness)
· Dang Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Tai Zi Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Gan Cao - unprepared (Tonify Qi)
· Long Gu (Anchor, Settle, Calm Spirit)

37

Which herb is Hot in temperature?

Zhi Fu Zi (Warm Interior, Expel Cold)

38

Which herbs are Slightly Cold in temperature?

· Qian Hu (Cool, Transform Phlegm Heat)
· Chi Shao (Invigorate Blood)
· Mai Men Dong (Tonify Yin)
· Gou Teng (Extinguish Wind, Stop Tremors)

39

Which herbs are Slightly Warm in temperature?

· Xing Ren (Relieve Cough & Wheeze)
· Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation)
· Ren Shen (Tonify Qi)
· Shu Di Huang (Tonify Blood)

40

Which herbs are Toxic or Slightly Toxic?

TOXIC:
· Zhi Ban Xia (Warm, Transform Phlegm Cold)
· Zhi Fu Zi (Warm Interior, Expel Cold)

SLIGHTLY TOXIC:
· Xing Ren (Relieve Cough & Wheeze)

41

Which herb should be crushed and cooked at least 30 minutes prior to decoction with other herbs? What is its category?

Long Gu - bc it is a heavy substance

42

Which herb treats hypertension, coronary artery disease, and elevated cholesterol?

Shan Zha (Relieve Food Stagnation)