Flashcards in week 1 - history of herb lecture Deck (38):
bark, peel, skin
fructus / semen
zi / ren
fruit, seed, nut, pit
plant, herb, grass (entire above ground)
peel, husk, skin
ben / gen
ben / gen
small branch, twig
ben / gen
mass of roots, underground part of plant (sometimes it grows horizontal on the ground)
stalk, stem, vine
did Huang Di actually author the Huang Di Nei Jing? did Shen Non author Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing?
no, Huang Di and Shen Nong are mythical figures/Emperors who lived centuries before the emergence of the classic texts that are attributed to them
Huang Di (2689 BC), Shen Nong (2720 BC)
what dynasty are Confucius and Lao Tzu associated with?
What classic texts emerged in the Han Dynasty (3)?
- Wu Shi Er Bing Fang (Prescriptions for 51 Ailments)
- Shen Non Ben Cao Jing (Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica)
- Shang Han Za Bing Lun (Discourse on Fevers and Misc Illnesses) by Zhang Zhong Jing
what texts emerged in the Tang Dynasty?
- Qian Jin Yao Fang (Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies) by Sun Si Miao
- Qian Jin Yi Fang (A Supplement to the Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold) by Sun Si Miao
- Tang Ben Cao by Su Jing and 23 others, issued by the Tang government
what texts emerged in the Ming Dynasty?
- Ben Cao Gang Mu (Great Pharmacopeia or Materia Medica) by Li Shi-Zhen
- Wen Bing Xue (Warm Disease School) in the Ming/Qing Dynasties
what 2 theoretical principles arise from Huang Di Nei Jing?
1. yin / yang
2. 5 phases
how many herbal prescriptions and individual herbs were in Huang Di Nei Jing?
12 prescriptions and 8 individual herbs
Shen Nong is said to have tasted how many herbs?
what is the translation of Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing?
Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica
what are the 3 categories of Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing
1. Superior Category (non-toxic and contains invigorating effects to preserve vitality or prolong life)
2. Intermediate (120 listed, prevent illness and restore vitality, sometimes toxic)
3. Inferior (125, toxic side effects, uses for therapeutic purposes to treat diseases)
how many herbal entries in Shen Nong Ben Cao?
- 252 plant
- 67 animals
- 46 minerals
who is the author of Shang Han Za Bing Lun?
Zhang Zhong Jing (Zhang Ji)
famous herbal doctor of Tang Dynasty
considered 'sage of medicine'
translation of Shang Han Za Bing Lun?
Discourse of Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Illnesses
(also called Discourse on Fevers & Misc Illnesses)
what was the primary theoretical principle of Shang Han Za Bing Lun? (this is how the chapters are divided)
6 channel theory
Shang Han Za Bing Lun is divided into what 2 books?
1. Shang Han Lun
(Treatise on Cold Induced Disorders)
2. Jin Gui Yao Lue
(Essential Treasures from the Golden Cabinet)
what is the primary disease factor in Shang Han Za Bing Lun?
cold (or absence of yang) and how it causes yin-yang disharmony at various stages
Who was Sun Si-Miao?
a famous doctor of Tang Dynasty
Sun Si-Miao wrote which texts?
1. Qian Jin Yao Fang (Prescription Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies or Precious Prescriptions for Emergences)
2. Qian Jin Yi Fang (A Supplement to the Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold...)
Who was Li Shi-Zhen?
Physician to Imperial Medical Academy of Ming Dynasty
Father of Modern Chinese Herbal Medicine
Li Shi-Zhen wrote which text?
Ben Cao Gang Mu (Great Pharmacopeia / Compendium of the Materia Medica 1590)
Which time period was Wen Bing Xue (Warm Disease School)?
Ming / Qing dynasty
What are the 4 levels of disease?
1. wei (exterior heat disease)
2. qi (internal heat excess)
3. ying (deeper heat disease / nutritive)
4. xue (blood level - deepest level)
what is the primary disease factor of Wen Bing Xue?
why is the primary disease factor in Wen Bing Xue (Ming/Qing Dynasty) so different from that which we see in the Han Dynasty when Zhang Zhong Jing wrote Shang Han Za Bing Lun?
2. quality of life