week 1 - history of herb lecture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in week 1 - history of herb lecture Deck (38):
1

cortex

pi

bark, peel, skin

2

flos

hua

flower

3

folium

ye

leaf

4

fructus / semen

zi / ren

fruit, seed, nut, pit

5

herba

cao

plant, herb, grass (entire above ground)

6

lignum

mu

wood

7

os

gu

bone

8

pericarpium

pi

peel, husk, skin

9

radix

ben / gen

root

10

radice(s)

ben / gen

roots

11

ramulus

zhi

small branch, twig

12

rhizoma

ben / gen

mass of roots, underground part of plant (sometimes it grows horizontal on the ground)

13

caulis

teng

stalk, stem, vine

14

did Huang Di actually author the Huang Di Nei Jing? did Shen Non author Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing?

no, Huang Di and Shen Nong are mythical figures/Emperors who lived centuries before the emergence of the classic texts that are attributed to them

Huang Di (2689 BC), Shen Nong (2720 BC)

15

what dynasty are Confucius and Lao Tzu associated with?

Zhou Dynasty

16

What classic texts emerged in the Han Dynasty (3)?

- Wu Shi Er Bing Fang (Prescriptions for 51 Ailments)
- Shen Non Ben Cao Jing (Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica)
- Shang Han Za Bing Lun (Discourse on Fevers and Misc Illnesses) by Zhang Zhong Jing

17

what texts emerged in the Tang Dynasty?

- Qian Jin Yao Fang (Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies) by Sun Si Miao
- Qian Jin Yi Fang (A Supplement to the Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold) by Sun Si Miao
- Tang Ben Cao by Su Jing and 23 others, issued by the Tang government

18

what texts emerged in the Ming Dynasty?

- Ben Cao Gang Mu (Great Pharmacopeia or Materia Medica) by Li Shi-Zhen
- Wen Bing Xue (Warm Disease School) in the Ming/Qing Dynasties

19

what 2 theoretical principles arise from Huang Di Nei Jing?

1. yin / yang
2. 5 phases

20

how many herbal prescriptions and individual herbs were in Huang Di Nei Jing?

12 prescriptions and 8 individual herbs

21

Shen Nong is said to have tasted how many herbs?

100 herbs

22

what is the translation of Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing?

Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica

23

what are the 3 categories of Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing

1. Superior Category (non-toxic and contains invigorating effects to preserve vitality or prolong life)
2. Intermediate (120 listed, prevent illness and restore vitality, sometimes toxic)
3. Inferior (125, toxic side effects, uses for therapeutic purposes to treat diseases)

24

how many herbal entries in Shen Nong Ben Cao?

365
- 252 plant
- 67 animals
- 46 minerals

25

who is the author of Shang Han Za Bing Lun?

Zhang Zhong Jing (Zhang Ji)

famous herbal doctor of Tang Dynasty
considered 'sage of medicine'

26

translation of Shang Han Za Bing Lun?

Discourse of Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Illnesses
(also called Discourse on Fevers & Misc Illnesses)

27

what was the primary theoretical principle of Shang Han Za Bing Lun? (this is how the chapters are divided)

6 channel theory

Tai Yang
Shao Yang
Yang Ming

Tai Yin
Shao Yin
Jue Yin

28

Shang Han Za Bing Lun is divided into what 2 books?

1. Shang Han Lun
(Treatise on Cold Induced Disorders)

2. Jin Gui Yao Lue
(Essential Treasures from the Golden Cabinet)

29

what is the primary disease factor in Shang Han Za Bing Lun?

cold (or absence of yang) and how it causes yin-yang disharmony at various stages

30

Who was Sun Si-Miao?

a famous doctor of Tang Dynasty

31

Sun Si-Miao wrote which texts?

1. Qian Jin Yao Fang (Prescription Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies or Precious Prescriptions for Emergences)
2. Qian Jin Yi Fang (A Supplement to the Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold...)

32

Who was Li Shi-Zhen?

Physician to Imperial Medical Academy of Ming Dynasty

Father of Modern Chinese Herbal Medicine

33

Li Shi-Zhen wrote which text?

Ben Cao Gang Mu (Great Pharmacopeia / Compendium of the Materia Medica 1590)

34

Which time period was Wen Bing Xue (Warm Disease School)?

Ming / Qing dynasty

35

What are the 4 levels of disease?

1. wei (exterior heat disease)
2. qi (internal heat excess)
3. ying (deeper heat disease / nutritive)
4. xue (blood level - deepest level)

36

what is the primary disease factor of Wen Bing Xue?

heat pathogens

37

why is the primary disease factor in Wen Bing Xue (Ming/Qing Dynasty) so different from that which we see in the Han Dynasty when Zhang Zhong Jing wrote Shang Han Za Bing Lun?

1. geography
2. quality of life

38

what does "like treats like" mean? give an example

sometimes what an herb is (which part of plant / what type of substance) tells you what it does

e.g. a small branch or twig might be used to treat small branches of the body, such as getting blood to the extremities

e.g. shells and minerals, which are heavy and draw downward, are used to sedate