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Flashcards in Prefixes & Suffixes Deck (143):
1

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -glosso-

  • tongue
    • hypoglossal

1

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • hypo-

  • under, less than
    • hyposecretion

2

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • epi-

  • on, above, upon
    • epiglottis 
      • above the glottis

3

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • cerebro-

  • brain
    • cerebrospinal

3

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -ole

  • small
    • bronchiole

3

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -ped

  • foot
    • pseudoped

5

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -ad-

  • to, toward
    • dorsad
    • adhere

5

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • tricho-

  • hair-like
    • trichostrongylus

6

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • ab-

  • from, away
    • ex: abnormal

6

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -ectomy

  • cut out
    • appendectomy

6

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • kin-

  • to move; to activate
    • kinetic

6

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -meter

  • measure
    • manometer

6

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -tropic
    • tropism

  • turning
    • phototropic

7

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -iasis

  • infestation
    • onchocerciasis 
      • parasitic disease 

8

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • peri-

  • around, near
    • pericardium

10

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • ante-

  • before, in front of
    • anterior

10

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • anti-

  • against, opposed to
    • antitoxin
    • antibody

10

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • homo-

  • alike, same
    • homozygous

11

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • pseudo-

  • false
    • pseudoped
      • "false foot"

12

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -renal

  • kidney
    • adrenal

13

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • corpus-

  • body
    • corpuscule
    • corpus luteum

13

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • di-

  • two,twice
    • dichromic 
      • "two colors"

13

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -oma

  • swelling, tumor
    • sarcoma

13

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • post-

  • after, behind
    • postganglionic

14

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -plasm-

  • substance
    • cytoplasm
    • plasmolysis

15

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • dys-

  • bad, difficult, defective, abnormal
    • dysentery
      • =an inflammation of the intestine causing diarrhea with blood

15

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • entero-

  • intestine
    • enterokinase

15

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • neur-

  • relating to nerves
    • neurilemma

16

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • proprio-

  • one's own
    • proprioception
    • proprioreceptors

18

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • ana-

  • up, upon
    • anabolism (building UP)

18

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -pnea

  • breathing
    • dyspnea
      • "bad/difficult breathing"

19

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • pneumo-

  • air, lungs
    • pneumonia

19

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • pro-

  • before, giving rise to 
    • proenzyme
    • proinsulin

21

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • a-

  • not, without
    • ex: atypical

21

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -graph

  • to write
    • cardiograph

21

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • psycho-

  • mind
    • psychology

22

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cyte, cyto

  • cell
    • cytoplasm

23

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -tode

  • like
    • nematode

24

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -gastro-

  • stomach
    • pneumogastric

25

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • leuco- / leuko-

  • white
    • leukocyte
      • "white cell"

27

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • acantho-

  • spine
    • acanthocephala (spiny-headed parasitic worm)

27

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • os-

    • oste-

    • osteo-

  • bone
    • osteology
      • "bone study"

27

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -ule

  • small
    • saccule

28

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • myo-

  • muscle
    • myosin
    • myoglobin

29

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • stoma-

  • mouth
    • ancylostoma

30

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • platy-

  • platyhelminthes
    • "broad worm"

31

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -helminth

  • worm
    • anthelminthic

33

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -emia

  • blood
    • anemia

33

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -opia

  • sight
    • hyperopia

35

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • bi-

  • two, twice
    • biceps
    • bifocal

36

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -zoite
    • -zoon

  • animal
    • trophozoite
      • "feeding animal"

37

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -gnath-

  • jaw, cheek
    • gnathstoma

38

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -rrhea

  • flow
    • diarrhea
      • "through,between+flow"

39

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • ir-

  • not
    • irregular

40

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -chezia

  • defacate (SHIT)
    • ​hematochezia (bloody shit)

42

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -fract-

  • to break
    • fracture
    • refraction

43

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • oo-

  • egg
    • oocyte
      • "egg cell"

45

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • bio-

  • life
    • biology

45

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -thrombo-

  • clot, coagulation
    • thrombosis

45

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -uris

  • tail
    • trichuris
      • "hair-like tail"

46

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • apo-

  • off, from, away from
    • apoplexy
      • unconsciousness due to a seizure or stroke ("-plexy")
    • apolipoprotein

47

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • auto-

  • self
    • autosuggestion

48

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -phil-

  • loving
    • basophil
    • eosinophil

50

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cephal-

  • head
    • acanthocephala ("spiny head")
    • cephalic

51

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • calor-

  • heat
    • calorimeter

52

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • lymph- / lympho-

  • (the actual, literal) lmyph 
    • lymphocyte
      • "lymph cell"

53

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -tome
    • -tomy

  • to cut
    • tonsillectomy

54

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -uria

  • pertains to urine
    • glycosuria

55

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cerca

  • tail
    • onchocerca

55

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • piro-

  • pear
    • piroplasm

55

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • stercor-

  • SHIT ("Feces")
    • stercorolith

56

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • phago-

  • to eat
    • phagocyte
      • "cell eater"

57

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • brachy-

  • short
    • brachycardia

59

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • hemo-

  • blood
    • hemorrhage

60

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -dermic

  • skin
    • hypodermic
      • "under the skin"

61

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -osis

  • condition or process
    • phagocytosis
      • ​"process of eating a cell"

62

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -thymia

  • mind (or will)
    • dysthymia 
      • "bad mind"

64

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • albi-

  • White
    • ex: albicans (one of the yeast/fungi that live in the GI tract)

64

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • kata- / cata-

  • down
    • catabolism

65

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -fer-

  • to carry; to transport
    • afferent
    • efferent 

66

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • oncho-

  • hook
    • onchocerca 
      • "hook tail"

68

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • amyl-

  • Starch
    • ex: amylopsin

69

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • an-

  • not, without
    • anhydrous
    • anaerobic respiration

70

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -lysin

    • -lysis

    • -lytic 

  • dissolve, destroy
    • hemolysis
      • "destroy blood"

71

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -strongyl

  • cylinder
    • trichostrongylus

72

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cera

  • horn
    • brachycera

73

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -ology

  • science, knowledge
    • physiology

75

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cidal

  • killing
    • bacteriocidal
    • spermicide

75

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -gnosis

  • knowledge; to know
    • diagnosis

76

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -monas

  • a unit
    • trichomonas

77

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cardia-

  • heart
    • bradycardia
      • ​"Slow heart"

78

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • melan-

    • melen-

  • black
    • melanoma
    • melena
      • Refers to the black, "tarry" feces that are associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

80

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • erythro-

  • red
    • erythrocyte
      • "red (blood) cell"

82

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -oid

  • like
    • lymphoid
    • ameboid

84

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -algia

  • pain
    • ex: neuralgia

85

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -trophic
    • tropho-

  • feeding
    • autotrophic

86

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • inter-

  • between, together
    • intercostal

88

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • chrom-

  • color
    • chromosome

89

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cyst-

  • Of or pertaining to the urinary bladder
    • Cystotomy
    • ocyst

91

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • intra-

  • within
    • intrathoracic

93

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -gen-

  • to produce; to begin
    • genetics
    • glycogen

94

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • mono-

  • one
    • monocyte

95

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -some

  • body
    • chromosome

96

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -stadial

  • stage, period
    • transstadial

98

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • hyper-

  • over, more than
    • hypersecretion

99

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • nephr-

  • kidneys
    • nephritis

100

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • hydro-

  • water
    • hydrolytic

101

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -ase

  • designating an ENZYME
    • amylase
      • starch+enzyme 

102

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • seta
    • setae

  • bristle
    • trailing setae

103

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • toxi-
    • toxo-

  • poison
    • toxin

105

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • para-

  • near, by, beside
    • paracrine
    • parathyroid
      • "beside (the) thyroid"

106

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • ovi-

  • egg
    • oviduct
      • "egg duct"

107

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • soma-

  • body
    • somatic cell

108

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • macro-

  • large
    • macrophage

110

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • glyc-

  • glucose; sugar
    • glycosuria

111

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • patho-

  • disease, suffering
    • pathology
      • "study of disease"

112

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -taxis

  • arrangement, directional movement in response to a stimulus
    • chemotaxis

113

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • angio-

  • vessel
    • angiocarditis (inflammation of heart & blood vessels)

114

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • poly-

  • many
    • polysaccharide

115

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • hetero-

  • different, other
    • heterozygous

116

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • pulmo-

  • lung
    • pulmonary

118

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • -lac-

  • milk
    • lactase
    • prolactin

120

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • ancylo-

  • bent
    • ancylostoma (hookworms that have bent mounts)

122

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • aqua-

  • water
    • aquatic

123

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • sarco-

  • flesh, muscle
    • sarcoplasm

124

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • -cara

  • head
    • Toxocara

126

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • brady-

  • slow
    • bradycardia

127

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • pyri-

  • pear
    • pyriform

128

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • onco-

  • mass, bulk
    • oncosphere

128

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • schizo-

  • to divide
    • schizophrenic

129

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • nema-

  • thread
    • nematode

130

  • Prefixes & Suffixes

    • em- / en- / endo-

  • in, into
    • embolism
    • endoskeleton

132

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • tri-

  • three
    • triploid

133

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • trans-

  • across, over, through
    • transstadial

134

  • Prefix​es & Suffixes
    • dia-

  • through, between
    • diaphragm

136

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • vaso-

  • pertains to blood vessel
    • vasodilation

137

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • micro-

  • small
    • microorganism

138

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • steato-
    • stea-

  • fat
    • steatorrhea
      • "fat flow"

139

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -zygote

"the first cell of a new organism"

  • Heterozygote

 

140

Sulfonic acid

–SO3H

141

  Thioaldehydes

How does it differ from an Aldehyde, -CHO?

–CHS

​Prefix: thioformyl

  • (Normal Aldehyde is just -CHO)

 

 

142

Thiones

How does it differ from a Ketone, =O?

=S

 

Normal Ketone:

=O

143

  • Prefixes & Suffixes
    • -ploidy

The number of SETS of chromosomes within a cell or organism

  • haploid
    • ("single"+"Set of chromosomes")