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Flashcards in Primates Deck (11)
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1

primate

lineage of animals
- character: grasping, flattened nails, large brain, color vision, complex social behavior, extensive parental care, eyes on front of face

(ie) prosimians, monkeys & great apes

2

prosimian

1 of 2 major lineages of primates
- paraphyletic group
- character: small in size, reside in trees, nocturnal

(ie) lemurs, pottos, lorises

3

anthropoid

1 of 2 major lineages of primates
- include new world monkeys (central & S. America) + old world monkeys (Africa & tropical Asia) + gibbons + Hominidae
- "human like"

(ie) apes, humans & all monkeys

4

great apes

members of Hominidae family
- character: large body size, no tail & large brain
- aka hominids

(ie) humans & extinct related forms, chimpanzees, gorillas & orangutans

5

bipedal

walking primarily on two legs
- hominin characteristic

6

hominin

any extinct/extant species of bipedal apes
- types: Australopithecus africanus, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens
- bipedalism
- largest brain case
- flattest face

7

brain case

cranium

8

Cro-Magnon

prehistoric European population of modern humans
- known from fossils, paintings, sculptures & other artifacts

9

Neanderthal

recently extinct European species of hominin, Homo neanderthaleans
- closely related to but diff. from modern humans

10

out-of-Africa hypothesis

modern humans (Homo sapiens) evolved in Africa & spread to other continents
- replace other Homo sapiens w/out interbreeding

11

hominid

great apes
- large bodies, long arms, short legs, no tail
- live on ground, except orangutans
- distinct walk