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Flashcards in Species Deck (66)
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1

Amoebozoa (plasmodial slime molds)

supercell form
forest decomposers
amoeboid motion
protist

2

Opisthokonta / Choanoflagellates

protist most closely related to animals
similar to sponge cells
protist

3

Excavata (parabasalids, diplomonads, euglenids)

freshwater plankton
lack mitochondria
"excavated" feeding grove
protist

EUG-ine gives ppl STD & intestinal illness

4

Plantae (red algae)

coral reef
sushi
lack flagella
protist
all descended from endosymbiosis

5

Rhizaria / Foraminiferans

dead shells form chalk & marble
engulf via pseudopodia
CaCO3 shells
multiple nuclei
protist

6

Alveolata (ciliates, dinoflagellates, apicomplexans)

harmful algal blooms
organelles at 1 end
2 flagella
protist
small sacks (alveoli) under plasma membrane

(AM) alveolata - malaria

7

Stramenopila (water molds, brown algae, diatoms)

kelp forests
photosynthetic plankton
aquatic decomposers
protist

8

Ulvophyceae (ulvophytes)

aquatic primary producers
AoG (multicellular only)
green plant w/out seeds

9

Coleochaetophyceae (coleochaetes)

no AoG
evolutionary biology studied
green plant w/out seeds

10

Charophyceae (stoneworts)

duck & goose food
fish habitat
no AoG
green plant w/out seeds

11

Hepaticophyta (liverworts)

form soil
cuticle
green plant w/out seeds

HEPATI-tis - liver inflammation

12

Bryphota (mosses)

peat - fuel & gardening
simple conducting tissues
green plant w/out seeds

13

Lycophyta (lycophytes)

coal
roots
green plant w/out seeds

14

Anthocerophyta (hornworts)

stomata
harbor symbiotic N-fixing cyanobacteria
green plant w/out seeds

Antho - antler - horn - hornworts

15

Psilotophyta (whisk ferns)

rhizomes
landscaping
grow on ferns -> whiskers on ferns
green plant w/out seeds

16

Pteridophyta (ferns)

fronds
landscaping
green plant w/out seeds

dinosaurs - pterosaurs

17

Equisetophyta (horsetail)

hollow stems
silica granules - scour pots
green plant w/out seeds

equestrian = horse riding = horsetail

18

Ginkgophyta (ginkgoes)

deciduous
landscaping
seed plant

19

Cycadophyta (cycads)

stiff stems
compound leaves
landscaping
seed plant

pineapple palm trees

20

Cupressophyta (redwoods, junipers, yews)

anticancer drug taxol
rot-resistant wood in buildings use
narrow leaves
seed plant

expresso - coffee, cupresso - trees

21

Pinophyta (pines, spruces, firs)

needle leaves
paper & construction
important forest trees
seed plant

Pino - pine

22

Gnetophyta (gnetophytes)

drug ephedrine
vessel elements
tracheids
seed plant

23

Anthophyta (angiosperms)

flower - fruit
vessel
tracheid
human/org food source
seed plant

24

Microsporidia

microscopic - intracellular
infect honeybees, silkworms, grasshoppers
fungal

25

Chytrids

degrade cellulose
spores swim via flagella
aquatic decomposers
mutualists - large animal herbivores
parasites - reduced amphibian populations
fungal

26

Zygomycetes

spore - yolked hyphae
bread mold
rotten fruits/vege
fungal

27

Glomeromycota

plant mutualist - absorb P from soil
improve PP in grasslands & tropical forests
fungal

28

Basidiomycota

"little pedestals" reproductive structures
EMF
food - white button, portabella
hallucinogenic drugs
fungal

29

Ascomycota, lichen-formers

"mini lichen" soredia
sexual via asci
green algae mutualist
common in cold habitats
caribou food
fungal

30

Ascomycota, non-lichen formers

asexual via specialized hyphae
clean contamination
antibiotic penicillin
brewing/baking yeasts
Dutch elm disease
chestnut blight
fungal