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Flashcards in Pronominal verbs Deck (131):
1

Pronominal verbs
Please give all reflexive pronoun

je - me (m')
tu - te (t')
il, elle, on - se (s')
nous - nous
vous - vous
ils, elles - se (s')
''me'', ''te'', and ''se'' become ''m' '', ''t' '', and ''s' '' before a vowel or mute ''h''

2

Pronominal verbs
Where is placed the reflexive pronoun?

Immediately before the conjugated verb.

3

Pronominal verbs
Which is the order of ''ne'', ''pas'' and reflexive pronoun inthe negative form?

In the negative form, ''ne'' precedes the reflexive pronoun and ''pas'' follows the verb.
je ne me présente pas

4

Pronominal verbs
Do I introduce myself?

Est-ce que je me présente?

5

Pronominal verbs
Do you introduce yourself?

Te présentes-tu?
Est-ce que tu te présentes?

6

Pronominal verbs
What is the order in the inverted interrogative form?

The reflexive pronoun stays before the verb.
Se présente-t-il?

7

Pronominal verbs
What are the four categories and characteristic of pronominal verbs in French?

1. Reflexive verbs
These verbs express actions which are performed by the subject on him/her/itself. They also have a non-reflexive form with the same meaning. In the non-reflexive form, the action is performed by the subject and received by an object.
Il réveille le bébé. - Il se réveille.
2. Idiomatic pronominal verbs
These verbs (whose pronoun is an inherent part of the verb without having a reflexive value) are made up of two groups.
- Verbs which exist only in the pronominal form such as ''s'en aller'' (to go away), ''se méfier de qqn/qqch'' (to distrust), ''se moquer de qqn/qqch'' (to make fun of sb/sth), ''se souvenir de de qqn/qqch'' (to remember sb/sth), ''s'évanouir'' (to faint).
- Verbs which have a non-pronominal form with a different meaning, f.e. ''douter''-to doubt, ''se douter de'' - to suspect.
3. Reciprocal verbs
These are transitive verbs with which the reflexive pronoun is used in the plural (nous-, vous-, ils-, elles-) forms to express each other f.e. ''Ils se connaissent''.
4. Pronominal verbs with a passive meaning.
This use replaces a passive construction and is restricted to third person singular and plural. In this construction, the author of the action is not mentioned.
f.e. Cela ne se dit pas

8

Pronominal verbs
to suspect

se douter de

9

Pronominal verbs
to doubt

douter

10

Pronominal verbs
to wait

attendre

11

Pronominal verbs
to expect

s'attendre à

12

Pronominal verbs
to drive

conduire

13

Pronominal verbs
to behave

se conduire

14

Pronominal verbs
to put

mettre

15

Pronominal verbs
to begin

se mettre à

16

Pronominal verbs
to serve

servir

17

Pronominal verbs
to use

se servir de

18

Pronominal verbs
to find

trouver

19

Pronominal verbs
to be situated

se trouver

20

Pronominal verbs
to hear

entendre

21

Pronominal verbs
to get along with

s'entendre avec

22

Pronominal verbs
to pity

plaindre

23

Pronominal verbs
to complain

se plaindre

24

Pronominal verbs
to deceive, cheat on

tromper

25

Pronominal verbs`
to be mistaken

se tromper

26

Pronominal verbs
to call

appeler

27

Pronominal verbs
to be named

s'appeler

28

Pronominal verbs
to call back, remind

rappeler

29

Pronominal verbs
to remember

se rappeler

30

Pronominal verbs
to ask

demander

31

Pronominal verbs
to wonder

se demander

32

Pronominal verbs
We love each other.

Nous nous aimons.

33

Pronominal verbs
to be about

s'agir

34

Pronominal verbs
to get dressed

s'habiller

35

Pronominal verbs
to improve

s'améliorer

36

Pronominal verbs
to get used to

s'habituer à

37

Pronominal verbs
to have a good time

s'amuser

38

Pronominal verbs
to worry

s'inquiéter

39

Pronominal verbs
to be named

s'appeler

40

Pronominal verbs
to be interested in

s'intéresser à

41

Pronominal verbs
to stop

s'arrêter

42

Pronominal verbs
to take care of

s'occuper de

43

Pronominal verbs
to expect

s'attendre à

44

Pronominal verbs
to wash oneself

se laver

45

Pronominal verbs
to go swimming, take a bath

se baigner

46

Pronominal verbs
to get up, to rise (sun)

se lever

47

Pronominal verbs
to go for a walk

se balader

48

Pronominal verbs
to put on make-up

se maquiller

49

Pronominal verbs
to brush oneself

se brosser

50

Pronominal verbs
to get married (to), marry

se marier (avec)

51

Pronominal verbs
to hide

se cacher

52

Pronominal verbs
to distrust, beware of

se méfier de

53

Pronominal verbs
to behave

se comporter

54

Pronominal verbs
to make fun of

se moquer de

55

Pronominal verbs
to go to bed, to set (sun)

se coucher

56

Pronominal verbs
to drown

se noyer

57

Pronominal verbs
to cut oneself

se couper

58

Pronominal verbs
to happen

se passer

59

Pronominal verbs
to get by, manage

se débrouiller

60

Pronominal verbs
to do without

se passer de

61

Pronominal verbs
to wonder

se demander

62

Pronominal verbs
to comb one's hair

se peigner

63

Pronominal verbs
to hurry

se dépêcher

64

Pronominal verbs
to get lost

se perdre

65

Pronominal verbs
to get undressed

se déshabiller

66

Pronominal verbs
to go for a walk

se promener

67

Pronominal verbs
to relax

se détendre

68

Pronominal verbs
to remember

se rappeler

69

Pronominal verbs
to argue, quarrel

se disputer

70

Pronominal verbs
to shave

se raser

71

Pronominal verbs
to take a shower

se doucher

72

Pronominal verbs
to go

se rendre

73

Pronominal verbs
to suspect

se douter (de)

74

Pronominal verbs
to realize

se rendre compte (de)

75

Pronominal verbs
to make an effort

s'efforcer de

76

Pronominal verbs
to rest

se reposer

77

Pronominal verbs
to be bored

s'ennuyer

78

Pronominal verbs
to wake up

se réveiller

79

Pronominal verbs
to get along (with)

s'entendre (avec)

80

Pronominal verbs
to major in

se spécialiser en

81

Pronominal verbs
to apologize

s'excuser

82

Pronominal verbs
to come to an end

se terminer

83

Pronominal verbs
to faint

s'évanouir

84

Pronominal verbs
to be mistaken

se tromper

85

Pronominal verbs
to get angry (at)

se fâcher (contre)

86

Pronominal verbs
to be located

se trouver

87

Pronominal verbs
to get engaged

se fiancer

88

Pronominal verbs
to brag, boast about

se vanter (de)

89

Pronominal verbs
to notice, realize

s'apercevoir (de)

90

Pronominal verbs
to begin to (+infinitive)

se mettre à (+inf)

91

Pronominal verbs
to sit down

s'asseoir

92

Pronominal verbs
to complain

se plaindre

93

Pronominal verbs
to fight

se battre

94

Pronominal verbs
to like it (in a place), to enjoy (doing)

se plaire (+place, or + à + inf.)

95

Pronominal verbs
to behave

se conduire

96

Pronominal verbs
to go about (doing)

s'y prendre

97

Pronominal verbs
to go away, leave

s'en aller

98

Pronominal verbs
to feel (physically or emotionally)

se sentir (=se porter)

99

Pronominal verbs
to fall asleep

s'endormir

100

Pronominal verbs
to use

se servir de

101

Pronominal verbs
to run away

s'enfuir

102

Pronominal verbs
to remember

se souvenir (de)

103

Pronominal verbs
to get used to

se faire à

104

Pronominal verbs
to be quiet

se taire

105

Pronominal verbs
We remember our vacation.

Nous nous souvenons de nos vacances.

106

Pronominal verbs
When the infinitive of a pronominal verb is not preceded by ''se (s')''?

When the infinitive follows a conjugated verb in a sentence, the reflexive pronoun (which precedes the infinitive) agrees with the subject.
f.e. Je vais me coucher.

107

Pronominal verbs
We hate getting up early.

Nous détestons nous lever tôt.

108

Pronominal verbs
I just woke up.

Je viens de me réveiller.

109

Pronominal verbs
You have to rest.

Vous devez vous reposer.

110

Pronominal verbs
to brush one's teeth
I brush my teeth.

se brosser les dents
Je me brosse les dents.

111

Pronominal verbs
to wash one's hair
She washes her hair.

se laver la tête / les cheveux
Elle se lave la tête.

112

Pronominal verbs
to brush one's hair

se brosser les cheveux.

113

Pronominal verbs
to dry one's hair

se sécher les cheveux.

114

Pronominal verbs
to cut one's hair

se couper les cheveux.

115

Pronominal verbs
to break one's leg

se casser la jambe

116

Pronominal verbs
to shave one's leg

se raser les jambes

117

Pronominal verbs
to wash one's hands

se laver les mains

118

Pronominal verbs
to wash one's face

se laver la figure

119

Pronominal verbs
to wipe one's feet

s'essuyer les pieds

120

Pronominal verbs
to file / cut one's nails

se limer / se couper les ongles

121

Pronominal verbs
How do you express ''each other '' in French?

By using the plural reflexive pronouns (nous, vous, se).

122

Pronominal verbs
We help each other

Nous nous aidons.

123

Pronominal verbs
Do you know each other?

Est-ce que vous vous connaissez?

124

Pronominal verbs
We love each other.

On s'aime.

125

Pronominal verbs
They hate each other.

Ils se dètestent.

126

Pronominal verbs
They no longer speak to each other.

Elles ne se parlent plus.

127

Pronominal verbs
The French word ''adresse'' is written with only one ''d''.

Le mot français ''adresse'' s'ecrit avec un seul ''d''.

128

Pronominal verbs
One doesn't do that.

Cela (ça) ne se fait pas.

129

Pronominal verbs
In France, one eats the salad after the main course.

En France, la salade se mange après le plat principal.

130

Pronominal verbs
Strawberries are harvested in June.

Les fraises se récoltent en juin.

131

Pronominal verbs
That shows. (That can be seen)

Cela se voit.