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Flashcards in The Future Tenses Deck (59):
1

The Future Tenses
How many future tenses are there in French?

Two: the simple future (le futur simple) and the future perfect (le futur antérieur).

2

The Future Tenses
How is the futur simple of regular verbs formed?

The future stem of the -er and -ir verbs is the entire infinitive. Regular -re drop the final -e of the infinitive before adding on the endings. The future endings are:
-ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont. These endings are taken from the present tense of the verb ''avoir'' and are used for both regular and irregular verbs.
je travaillerai
tu travailleras
il travaillera
nous travaillerons
vous travaillerez
ils travailleront

3

The Future Tenses
Whicha are the spelling changesin the future tense?

1. Verbs which contain ''e'' in the next to the last syllabe of the infinitive form:
- with some of these verbs, ''e'' becomes ''è'' in all persons
acheter
j'achèterai, tu achèteras, il achètera, nous achèterons, vous achèterez, ils achèteront
- with others, the last consomnant of the stem is doubled in all persons
jeter
je jetterai, tu jetteras, il jettera, nous jetterons, vous jetterez, ils jetteront
2. Verbs ending in -oyer (except envoyer which is irregular) and -uyer change the ''y'' into an ''i'' in all persons.
nettoyer
je nettoierai, tu nettoieras, il nettoiera, nous nettoierons, vous nettoierez, ils nettoieront.
essayer
je essaierai, tu essaieras, il essaiera, nous essaierons, vous essaierez, ils essaieront.
BUT
Verbs which have ''é'' in the next to last syllabe of the infinitive (such as répéter, préférer, etc.) keep ''é'' in all persons.

4

The Future Tenses
How is the inverted question formed?

A ''t'' is inserted in the third person singular.
Oubliera-t-il?

5

The Future Tenses
Will she answer? (inverted form)

Répondra-t-elle?

6

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''aller''?

j'irai

7

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''s'asseoir''?

je m'assiérai

8

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''avoir''?

j'aurai

9

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''courir''?

je courrai

10

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''cueillir''?

je cueillerai

11

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''devoir''?

je devrai

12

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''envoyer''?

j'enverrai

13

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''être''?

je serai

14

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''faire''?

je ferai

15

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (3th person singular) of the verb ''falloir''?

il faudra

16

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''mourir''?

je mourrai

17

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (3th person singular) of the verb ''pleuvoir''?

il pleuvra

18

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''pouvoir''?

je pourrai

19

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''recevoir''?

je recevrai

20

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''savoir''?

je saurai

21

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''tenir''?

je tiendrai

22

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''valoir''?

je vaudrai

23

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''venir''?

je viendrai

24

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''voir''?

je verrai

25

The Future Tenses
Which is the future form (1st person singular) of the verb ''vouloir''?

je voudrai

26

The Future Tenses
there will be

il y aura

27

The Future Tenses
tonight

ce soir

28

The Future Tenses
tomorrow morning

demain matin

29

The Future Tenses
tomorrow afternoon

demain après-midi

30

The Future Tenses
tomorrow night

demain soir

31

The Future Tenses
the day after tomorrow

après-demain

32

The Future Tenses
next Monday/Tuesday, etc.

lundi/mardi, etc. prochain

33

The Future Tenses
next week, next year

la semaine prochaine, l'année prochaine

34

The Future Tenses
in a week, in a month, in a year

dans une semaine, dans un mois, dans un an

35

The Future Tenses
in ten years, ten years from now

dans dix ans

36

The Future Tenses
in a century

dans un siècle

37

The Future Tenses
in the future

à l'avenir

38

The Future Tenses
some day

un jour

39

The Future Tenses
It will be cold tomorrow

Il fera froid demain.

40

The Future Tenses
I will go / I will be going to Switzerland next month.

J'irai en Suisse le mois prochain.

41

The Future Tenses
When is the simple future used?

1. To describe a future action or situation.
2. After ''si'' meaning ''wether'' if the action in the subordinate clause refers to the future, and if the introductory verb (i.e. the verb in the main clause) is in the present tense.
f.e. Sais-tu si elle viendra?
However ''si'' meaning ''if'' (expressing a condition) can never be followed by the future. The present tense is used instead.
f.e. Je te téléphonerai si je peux.
3. In the main clause of sentences expressing a condition when the present tense is used in the si-clause, and when a future action or situation is referred to.
f.e. S'il pleut, nous resterons à la maison.
4. In polite expressions used by shop keepers when speaking to their customers.
f.e. Ce sera tout?
5. In subordinate clauses after the verb ''espérer'' when it refers to a future action or situation.
f.e. J'espère que tu suivras mon conseil.
6. In subordinate clauses after the conjunctions ''quand'', ''lorsque'', ''dès que'', ''aussitôt que'', ''tant que'', when the verb in the main clause is in the future or imperative and when a future action or situation is referred to.
f.e. Quand je serai grand, je serai homme 1d'affaires.
7. To express an order (in a more polite fashion than with the imperative)
f.e. Vous lui direz bonjour de ma part.
8. To express an assumption on the part of the speaker, i.e. the probability of a present action or situation (especially with the verbs ''être'' and ''avoir'')
Va ovrir la porte, ca sera le facteur.
9.To express an anticipated action or situation in a past narration.
f.e. En 1682, Lois XIV s'installa à Versailles où il mourra en 1725.

42

The Future Tenses
That will cost you 20 euros.

Ça vous fera 20 euros.

43

The Future Tenses
I will remember it as long as I live.

Je m'en souviendrai tant que je vivrai.

44

The Future Tenses
as soon as

dès que, aussitôt que

45

The Future Tenses
when

quand, lorsque

46

The Future Tenses
How is the futur proche formed, and when is it used?

The futur proche consists of the present verb ''aller''+infinitive. It is used to express an event or situation in the future, especially when it is the near future. The English equivalent of this construction is ''to be going to+infinitive''.

47

The Future Tenses
I am going to try.

Je vais essayer.

48

The Future Tenses
That is not going to work.

Ça ne va pas marcher.

49

The Future Tenses
You are going to be late.

Tu vas être en retard.

50

The Future Tenses
She is going to be twenty tomorrow.

Elle va avoir vingt ans demain.

51

The Future Tenses
Will you marry me?

Veux-tu m'épouser?

52

The Future Tenses
Will you please stay?-Yes I will.

Voulez-vous rester, s'il vous plaît?-Oui, je veux bien.

53

The Future Tenses
I told him repeatedly but he won't listen.

Je le lui ai dit plusieurs fois mais il ne veut pas écouter.

54

The Future Tenses
I see him often but he will never greet me.

Je le vois souvent mais il ne me salue jamais.

55

The Future Tenses
These things will happen.

Ce sont des choses qui arrivent.

56

The Future Tenses
Hos is the futur antérieur formed?

The futur antérieur consists of the simple future of ''avoir'' or ''être''+past participle of the verb.
f.e. J'aurai travaillé.

57

The Future Tenses
Tomorrow, I will finish my paper.

Demain, je finirai ma dissertation.

58

The Future Tenses
By tomorrow, I will have finished my paper.

Demain, j'aurai fini ma dissertation.

59

The Future Tenses
When is the futur antérieur used?

1. For actions or situations which will be completed at or by a specified time in the future.
f.e. Dans trente ans, le nombre de véhicules dans le monde aura doublé.
2. After ''si'' meaning ''whether''
f.e. Je me demande s'il aura terminé à temps.
3. After the conjunctions ''dès que'', ''aussitôt que'', ''quand'', ''lorsque'', ''une fois que'', ''tant que'', and ''après que'' for actions and situations which will be completed before another future action. In these sentences, the verb in the main clause is in the simple future or in the imperative.
f.e. Je vous rejoindrai aussitôt que j'aurai mangé.
4. To expression an assumption on the part of the speaker, i.e., the probability of a past action or situation.
Il n'est pas encore arrivé? Il aura manqué le train.