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Flashcards in The Subjunctive Deck (307):
1

The Subjunctive
When is the subjunctive used?

1. The subjunctive is used when the speaker expresses his, her or someone else's personal opinion, feeling or doubt about such an action or state.
2. Typically, the subjunctive is used in a subordinate clause after ''que'' (that), when the preceding main clause contains a verb or expression (which itself is always in the indicative) that implies a desire, a need, an emotion, doubt, uncertainty or personal judgment, provided that the subjects of both clauses are not the same.
3. After verbs expressing a wish, a preference, a request, a need, an expectation, a permission, a prohibition.
4. After verbs or expressions indicating feelings or emotions.
5. After impersonal expressions indicating necessity, importance, desirability, possibility, and impossibility
6. After verbs and expressions implying uncertainty or doubt.
7. After certain conjunctions.
8. After verbs of thinking if they are in the negative or inverted interrogative form and if the speaker expresses a personal opinion or uncertainty about his statement.
9. In the relative clauses.
10. The subjunctive is also used after ''que''' to express an order in the third person singular and plural, which cannot be done with the imperative. The English equivalent is let (him, her, them) or may (he, she, they).
f.e. Qu'il apprenne le francais!

2

The Subjunctive
It is possible that he comes.

Il est possible qu'il vienne.

3

The Subjunctive
It is possible that he came.

Il est possible qu'il soit venu.

4

The Subjunctive
It's a shame that she was ill.

C'est dommage qu'elle ait été malade.

5

The Subjunctive
We doubt that they arrived.

Nous doutons qu'ils soient arrivés.

6

The Subjunctive
I am dissapointed that the weather is bad.

Je suis déçu qu'il fasse mauvais.

7

The Subjunctive
It is possible that I will go to Canada.

Il est possible que j'aille au Canada.

8

The Subjunctive
When is the indicative used?

The indicative is used by the speaker to express what he or she considers to be a fact, i.e., an action or state which occurred in the past, occurs in the present, or will occur in the future.

9

The Subjunctive
I know (that) you are leaving.

Je sais que tu pars.

10

The Subjunctive
I am sad (that) you are leaving.

Je suis triste que tu partes.

11

The Subjunctive
How is the present subjunctive formed?

The present subjunctive of regular verbs is formed by dropping the ''-ent'' ending from the third person plural of the present indicative and by adding the endings -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent.

12

The Subjunctive
Which are the spelling changes in the present subjunctive?

1. Verbs ending in -ier have double i in the nous and vous forms:
que nous oubliions, que vous oubliiez
2. Those regular verbs which have a spelling change in the present indicative will show the same spelling change in the present subjonctive.

13

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''s'asseoir''.

je m'asseye (or: que je m'assoie)
nous nous asseyions (or: que nous nous assoyions)

14

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''battre''.

que je batte
que nous battions

15

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''conduire''.

que je conduise
que nous conduisions

16

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''connaître''.

que je connaisse
que nous connaissions

17

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''courir''.

que je coure
que nous courions

18

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''craindre''.

que je craigne
que nous craignions

19

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''dire''.

que je dise
que nous disions

20

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''écrire''.

que j'écrive
que nous écrivions

21

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''lire''.

que je lise
que nous lisions

22

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''mettre''.

que je mette
que nous mettions

23

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''naître''.

que je naisse
que nous naissions

24

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''ouvrir''.

que j'ouvre
que nous ouvrions

25

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''partir''.

que je parte
que nous partions

26

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''plaire''.

que je plaise
que nous partions

27

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''rire''.

que je rie
que nous riions

28

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''suivre''.

que je suive
que nous suivions

29

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''se taire''.

que je me taise
que nous nous taisions

30

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''vivre''.

que je vive
que nous vivions

31

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''boire''.

que je boive
que nous buvions

32

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''croire''.

que je croie
que nous croyions

33

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''devoir''.

que je doive
que nous devions

34

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''envoyer''.

que j'envoie
que nous envoyions

35

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''mourir''.

que je meure
que nous mourions

36

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''prendre''.

que je prenne
que nous prenions

37

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''recevoir''.

que je reçoive
que nous recevions

38

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''tenir''.

que je tienne
que nous tenions

39

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''venir''.

que je vienne
que nous venions

40

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''voir''.

que je voie
que nous voyions

41

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''faire''.

que je fasse
que nous fassions

42

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''savoir''.

que je sache
que nous sachions

43

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''pouvoir''.

que je puisse
que nous puissions

44

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''aller''.

que j'aille
que nous allions

45

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''valoir''.

que je vaille
que nous valions

46

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''vouloir''.

que je veuille
que nous voulions

47

The Subjunctive
Give the il present subjunctive forms of the verb ''pleuvoir''.

qu'il pleuve

48

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''falloir''.

qu'il faille

49

The Subjunctive
Conjugate the verb ''aller'' in the present subjunctive.

que j'aille
que tu ailles
qu'il aille
que nous allions
que vous alliez
qu'ils aillent

50

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''avoir''.

que j'aie
que tu aies
qu'il ait
que nous ayons
que vous ayez
qu'ils aient

51

The Subjunctive
Give the je and nous present subjunctive forms of the verb ''être''.

que je sois
que tu sois
qu'il soit
que nous soyons
que vous soyez
qu'ils soient

52

The Subjunctive
I am sad that he leaves / will leave / is going to leave.

Je suis triste qu'il parte.

53

The Subjunctive
How is the past subjunctive formed?

Te past subjunctive is formed by using the present subjunctive of the auxiliary (avoir or être) and the past participle of the verb in question, or, if you prefer, by taking the passé composé of the indicative and by putting the helping verb in the present subjunctive.

54

The Subjunctive
When is the past subjunctive used?

The past subjunctive is used when the action of the subordinate clause occurs prior to the action in the main clause.

55

The Subjunctive
I am sorry that this happened.

Je regrette que cela soit arrivé.

56

The Subjunctive
She was disappointed that her son hadn't written to her.

Elle était déçue que son fils ne lui ait pas écrit.

57

The Subjunctive
I am sorry (that) we are late.

Je suis désolé que nous soyons en retard.

58

The Subjunctive
I am sorry (that) I am late.

Je suis désolé d'être en retard.

59

The Subjunctive
to like

aimer

60

The Subjunctive
to prefer

aimer que

61

The Subjunctive
to wait (till)

attendre que

62

The Subjunctive
to expect

s'attendre à ce que

63

The Subjunctive
to need

avoir besoin que

64

The Subjunctive
to (really) want

avoir envie que

65

The Subjunctive
to advise

conseiller que

66

The Subjunctive
to forbid

défendre que

67

The Subjunctive
to ask, to request

demander que

68

The Subjunctive
to wish, want

désirer que

69

The Subjunctive
to prevent

empêcher que

70

The Subjunctive
to demand

exiger que

71

The Subjunctive
to insist

insister pour que

72

The Subjunctive
to forbid

interdire que

73

The Subjunctive
to order, command

ordonner que

74

The Subjunctive
to allow, permit

permettre que

75

The Subjunctive
to prefer

préférer que

76

The Subjunctive
to suggest

proposer que
suggérer que

77

The Subjunctive
to recommend

recommander que

78

The Subjunctive
to wish

souhaiter que

79

The Subjunctive
to (really) want, to be anxious to

tenir à ce que

80

The Subjunctive
to make sure, ensure

veiller à ce que

81

The Subjunctive
to want

vouloir que

82

The Subjunctive
I don't like (it) that you drink.

Je n'aime pas que tu boives.

83

The Subjunctive
Wait till I come back.

Attends que je revienne.

84

The Subjunctive
I ask that you be ready at noon.

Je demande que vous soyez prêts à midi.

85

The Subjunctive
He demands that we know the subjunctive.

Il exige que nous sachions le subjonctif.

86

The Subjunctive
She insists that everyone be there.

Elle insiste pour que tout le monde soit là.

87

The Subjunctive
I prefer that you do it.

Je préfère que tu le fasses.

88

The Subjunctive
They insist that the children go to school.

Ils tiennent à ce que les enfants aillent à l'école.

89

The Subjunctive
We will make sure that you arrive on time.

Nous veillerons à ce que vous arriviez à l'heure.

90

The Subjunctive
I hope (that) you are fine.

J'espère que vous allez bien.
(The verb ''espérer requires the indicative)

91

The Subjunctive
I hope (that) you (will) feel better.

J'espère que tu te sentiras mieux.
(The verb ''espérer requires the indicative)

92

The Subjunctive
I'd rather

J'aimerais mieux (or: je préférerais) + que + present subjunctive

93

The Subjunctive
I'd rather you stayed here.

J'aimerais mieux que vous restiez ici.

94

The Subjunctive
I wish you / he were..., I wish you / he would...

Je voudrais
J'aimerais + que + subjunctive

95

The Subjunctive
I wish he were successful.

Je voudrais qu'il réussisse.

96

The Subjunctive
I wish she would write.

J'aimerais qu'elle écrive.

97

The Subjunctive
I wish you could come.

Je voudrais que tu puisses venir.

98

The Subjunctive
I wish I were in France.

Je voudrais être en France.

99

The Subjunctive
We wish we knew what happened.

Nous voudrions savoir ce qui s'est passé.

100

The Subjunctive
She wants him to succeed.

Elle veut qu'il réussisse.

101

The Subjunctive
We don't expect this to be easy.

Nous ne nous attendons pas à ce que ce soit facile.

102

The Subjunctive
I need you to do me a favor.

J'ai besoin que tu me rendes un service.

103

The Subjunctive
to be glad, pleased that

être content que

104

The Subjunctive
to be disappointed that

être déçu que

105

The Subjunctive
to be sorry that

être désolé que

106

The Subjunctive
to be angry that

être fâche que

107

The Subjunctive
to be furious that

être furieux que

108

The Subjunctive
to be (un)happy that

être (mal)heureux que

109

The Subjunctive
to be worried that

être inquiet que

110

The Subjunctive
to be delighted that

être ravi que

111

The Subjunctive
to be surprised that

être surpris / étonné que

112

The Subjunctive
to be sad that

être triste que

113

The Subjunctive
it is too bad that, it is a shame that

il est / c'est dommage que

114

The Subjunctive
it is strange that

il est étrange que

115

The Subjunctive
it is great that

c'est formidable / génial que

116

The Subjunctive
to be afraid that

avoir peur que (ne)

117

The Subjunctive
to fear that

craindre que (ne)

118

The Subjunctive
to be surprised that

s'étonner que

119

The Subjunctive
to regret / be sorry that

regretter que

120

The Subjunctive
She is glad that the weather is / will be nice.

Elle est contente qu'il fasse beau.

121

The Subjunctive
He is disappointed that she doesn't want to date him.

Il est déçu qu'elle ne veuille pas sortir avec lui.

122

The Subjunctive
I am sorry that you are ill.

Je suis désolé que tu sois malade.

123

The Subjunctive
I am happy that you can come.

Je suis heureux que vous puissiez venir.

124

The Subjunctive
I am afraid that you will miss the plane.

J'ai peur que vous (ne) manquiez l'avion.
(After expressions of fear used in the affirmative form, the word ''ne'' may precede the verb in the subjunctive for stylistic reasons. This ''ne'' (the use of which is optional) is not followed by ''pas'' and does not make the sentence negative.)

125

The Subjunctive
He is sad that his wife forgot his birthday.

Il est triste que sa femme ait oublié son anniversaire.

126

The Subjunctive
I am glad that you are feeling better.

Je suis content(e) que tu te sentes mieux.

127

The Subjunctive
I am glad to hear that you are feeling better.

Je suis content(e) d'apprendre que tu te sens mieux.
(If an infinitive follows the expression of emotion, the indicative is used.)

128

The Subjunctive
It's a good thing that she was there.

Heureusement qu'elle était là.
Hereusement elle était là.
(Être heureux que is followed by the subjunctive, but heureusement que is not)

129

The Subjunctive
She is afraid that she will fail the exam.

Elle a peur d'échouer à l'examen.
(When both the main and the subordinate clauses have the same subject, an infinitive (preceded by de) is used.)

130

The Subjunctive
it is necessary that, (someone) must, has to

il faut que

131

The Subjunctive
(someone) must not

il ne faut pas que

132

The Subjunctive
it is better that

il vaut mieux que

133

The Subjunctive
it is good that

il est bon que

134

The Subjunctive
it is essential that

il est essentiel que

135

The Subjunctive
it is possible that

il est possible que

136

The Subjunctive
it is impossible that

il est impossible que

137

The Subjunctive
it is important that

il est important que

138

The Subjunctive
it is indispensable that

il est indispensable que

139

The Subjunctive
it is right, fair that

il est juste que

140

The Subjunctive
it is natural that

il est naturel que

141

The Subjunctive
it is necessary that

il est nécessaire que

142

The Subjunctive
it is normal that

il est normal que

143

The Subjunctive
it is possible that

il se peut que

144

The Subjunctive
it is preferable that

il est préférable que

145

The Subjunctive
it is unusual, rare that

il est rare que

146

The Subjunctive
it is (about) time that

il est (grand) temps que

147

The Subjunctive
it is useful that

il est utile que

148

The Subjunctive
it is useless that

il est inutile que

149

The Subjunctive
it's not worth the trouble that, there is no point in (doing)

ce n'est pas (cela ne vaut pas) la peine que

150

The Subjunctive
One must want to do it.

Il faut qu'on veuille le faire.

151

The Subjunctive
She is rarely late.

Il est rare qu'elle soit en retard.

152

The Subjunctive
It is better that you leave.

Il vaut mieux que vous partiez.

153

The Subjunctive
It is essentiel that I see you before tomorrow.

Il est essentiel que je te voie avant demain.

154

The Subjunctive
It is time for us to leave.

Il est temps que nous nous en allions.

155

The Subjunctive
It is possible that one can buy that here.

Il est possible qu'on puisse acheter ça ici.

156

The Subjunctive
It is probable that he will be back tomorrow.

Il est probable qu'il sera de retour demain.
(The expression ''il est probable que'' is followed by indicative, but in a negative expression is followed by subjunctive)

157

The Subjunctive
It is likely that he will come.

Il est vraisemblable qu'il viendra.
(The expression ''Il est vraisemblable'' is followed by indicative, but in a negative expression is followed by subjunctive)

158

The Subjunctive
It is improbable that he will be back tomorrow.

Il n'est pas probable qu'il soit de retour demain.

159

The Subjunctive
It is unlikely that he comes.

Il est invraisemblable qu'il vienne.

160

The Subjunctive
You must not be worried.

Il ne faut pas que vous soyez inquiet.

161

The Subjunctive
It's normal that everyone wants to be happy.

C'est normal que tout le monde veuille être heureux.
(In spoken French, ''c'est'' replaces ''il est'' before an adjective).

162

The Subjunctive
You must have patience.

Il faut que tu aies de la patience.

163

The Subjunctive
One must have patience.

Il faut vaoir de la patience.
(An infinitive construction is used when a general statement is made. The preposition de precedes the infinitive except after ''il faut'' and ''il vaut mieux''.)

164

The Subjunctive
to doubt that

douter que

165

The Subjunctive
it is doubtful that

il est douteux que

166

The Subjunctive
it is not sure / certain that

il n'est pas sûr / certain que

167

The Subjunctive
it is not true that

il n'est pas vrai que

168

The Subjunctive
I am not sure / certain / convinced that

je ne suis pas sûr / certain / convaincu que

169

The Subjunctive
Are you sure / certain that...?

êtes-vous sûr / certain que?

170

The Subjunctive
It is true / accurate that...?

est-il vrai / exact que?

171

The Subjunctive
it seems that

il semble que

172

The Subjunctive
I doubt that will be necessary.

Je doute que ce soit nécessaire.

173

The Subjunctive
It is not certain that she is right.

Il n'est pas certain qu'elle ait raison.

174

The Subjunctive
The teacher is not sure that we understand him.

Le professeur n'est pas sûr que nous le comprenions.

175

The Subjunctive
It seems that she is feeling better.

Il semble qu'elle aille mieux.

176

The Subjunctive
It seems to me that she is feeling better.

Il me semble qu'elle va mieux.
(The expression ''il semble que'' is followed by the subjunctive since it implies uncertainty. But if a personal object pronoun is included in this expression (il me semble), it is followed by the indicative since it implies certainty on the part of the speaker.

177

The Subjunctive
to not doubt that

ne pas douter que (expression followed by the indicative)

178

The Subjunctive
to be convinced that

être convaincu / persuadé que (expression followed by the indicative)

179

The Subjunctive
to be sure / certain that

être sûr / certain que (expression followed by the indicative)

180

The Subjunctive
there is no doubt that

il n'y a aucun doute que (expression followed by the indicative)

181

The Subjunctive
it is not doubtful that

il n'est pas douteux que (expression followed by the indicative)

182

The Subjunctive
it is evident that

il est évident que (expression followed by the indicative)

183

The Subjunctive
it is true that

il est vrai que (expression followed by the indicative)

184

The Subjunctive
it is sure that

il est sûr que (expression followed by the indicative)

185

The Subjunctive
it is certain that

il est certain que (expression followed by the indicative)

186

The Subjunctive
it is true / correct that

il est exact que (expression followed by the indicative)

187

The Subjunctive
it is clear that

il est clair que (expression followed by the indicative)

188

The Subjunctive,
I've heard that, apparently

il paraît que (expression followed by the indicative)

189

The Subjunctive
to suspect that

se douter que (expression followed by the indicative)

190

The Subjunctive
to know that

savoir que (expression followed by the indicative)

191

The Subjunctive
so that, in order that

pour que + subjunctive
pour + infinitive
afin que + subjunctive
afin de + infinitive

192

The Subjunctive
before

avant que (ne) + subjunctive
avant de + infinitive

193

The Subjunctive
on the condition that

à condition que + subjunctive
à condition de + infinitive

194

The Subjunctive
unless

à moins que (ne) + subjunctive
à moins de + infinitive

195

The Subjunctive
while waiting for, until

en attendant que + subjunctive
en attendant de + infinitive

196

The Subjunctive
although, even though

bien que (=quoique) + subjonctive
(Always followed by the subjunctive, even if the main clause has the same subject as the subordinate clause)

197

The Subjunctive
for fear that

de crainte que (ne) + subjunctive
de peur que (ne) + infinitive

198

The Subjunctive
until

jusqu'à ce que + subjunctive
(Always followed by the subjunctive, even if the main clause has the same subject as the subordinate clause)

199

The Subjunctive
provided that

pourvu que + subjunctive
(Always followed by the subjunctive, even if the main clause has the same subject as the subordinate clause)

200

The Subjunctive
without

sans que + subjunctive
sans + infinitive

201

The Subjunctive
I will stay until he comes back.

Je resterai jusqu'à ce qu'il revienne.

202

The Subjunctive
We will go hiking unless the weather is bad.

Nous ferons une randonnée à moins qu'il (ne) fasse mauvais.

203

The Subjunctive
I hurry so that it goes faster.

Je me dépêche pour que ça aille plus vite.

204

The Subjunctive
Let's go home before it rains.

Rentrons avant qu'il (ne) pleuve.

205

The Subjunctive
She was arrested although she is innocent.

Elle a été arrêtée bien qu'elle soit innocente.

206

The Subjunctive
He did it without his wife knowing it.

Il l'a fait sans quesa femme le sache.

207

The Subjunctive
We talked to him after he came home.

Nous lui avons parlé après qu'il est rentré.
(Après que is followed by the infinitive)

208

The Subjunctive
whereas, while

alors que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

209

The Subjunctive
as soon as

aussitôt que,
dès que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

210

The Subjunctive
since

depuis que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

211

The Subjunctive
because

parce que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

212

The Subjunctive
while

pendant que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

213

The Subjunctive
since (=because)

puisque
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

214

The Subjunctive
whereas

tandis que
(Expression followed by the infinitive, future tense).

215

The Subjunctive
I save money in order to be able to travel.

Je fais des économies pour pouvoir voyager.

216

The Subjunctive
Visit us before you leave.

Venez nous voir avant de partir.

217

The Subjunctive
He left without saying goodbye.

Il est parti sans dire au revoir.

218

The Subjunctive
While waiting to have dinner, we are going to have a drink.

En attendant de dîner, nous allons prendre l'apéritif.

219

The Subjunctive
You will not find this street unless you know the city very well.

Tu ne trouveras pas cette rue à moins de connaître très bien la ville.

220

The Subjunctive
I have a headache although I took two aspirin tablets.

J'ai mal à la tête bien que j'aie pris deux cachets d'aspirine.

221

The Subjunctive
We will go to France provided that we have enough money.

Nous irons en France, pourvu que nous ayons assez d'argent.

222

The Subjunctive
He often watches TV until he goes to sleep.

Il regarde souvent la télé jusqu'à ce qu'il s'endorme.

223

The Subjunctive
to think that

penser que
trouver que

224

The Subjunctive
to believe / think that

croire que

225

The Subjunctive
I don't think that this is a good idea.

Je ne pense / trouve pas que ce soit une bonne idée.

226

The Subjunctive
Do you think that French is easy?

Trouvez-vous que le francais soit facile?

227

The Subjunctive
Do you believe that he tells the truth?

Crois-tu qu'il dise la vérité?

228

The Subjunctive
I don't think that one can know a country without knowing its language.

Je ne crois pas qu'on puisse connaître un pays sans savoir sa langue.

229

The Subjunctive
He thinks that we are exaggerating.

Il pense que nous exagérons.

230

The Subjunctive
I think that this dress looks good on you.

Je trouve que cette robe te va bien.

231

The Subjunctive
I believe / think this is true.

Je crois / pense / trouve que c'est vrai.

232

The Subjunctive
He even went so far as to say bad things about his boss.

Il est même allé jusqu'à dire du mal de son patron.

233

The Subjunctive
I want you to tell me the truth.

Je veux que tu me dises la vérite.

234

The Subjunctive
I hope (that) you tell me the truth.

J'espère que tu me diras la vérité.

235

The Subjunctive
We are happy that you are there.

Nous sommes heureux que tu sois là.

236

The Subjunctive
Fortunately you are there.

Heureusement que tu es là.

237

The Subjunctive
It is possible that he goes to Nice.

Il est possible qu'il aille à Nice.

238

The Subjunctive
It is probable (likely) that he goes to Nice.

Il est probable qu'il va à Nice.

239

The Subjunctive
I don't think (that) she is right.

Je ne pense pas qu'elle ait raison.

240

The Subjunctive
I think that she is right.

Je pense qu'elle a raison.

241

The Subjunctive
It seems that she has to wait.

Il semble qu'elle doive attendre.

242

The Subjunctive
It seems to me that he has to wait.

Il me semble qu'il doit attendre.

243

The Subjunctive
She arrived before I left.

Elle est arrivée avant que je (ne) parte.

244

The Subjunctive
She arrived after I left.

Elle est arrivé après que je suis parti.

245

The Subjunctive
When is the subjunctive used in relative clauses?

1. When the verb or expression in the main clause indicates that the speaker is not sure whether the antecedent exists, or that he or she would like to find it. Expressions in the main clause that will trigger the subjuntcive in the relative clause include:
-J'ai besoin d'un(e)...
- Je cherche un(e)...
- Connaissez-vous un(e)...
- Y a-t-il un(e)...
BUT
when the main clause indicates that the desired object or person has already been found or that its existence is certain, the indicative is used.
Je voudrais trouver un hôtel qui ne soit pas cher.
Je trouvé / je connais un hôtel qui n'est pas cher.
2. When the relative clause is preceded by a superlative.
f.e. C'est la plus belle ville que je connaisse.
The choice between the subjunctive or the indicative in a relative clause after a superlative depends on whether the speaker expresses a personal opinion or judgement (subjunctive), or if the speaker simply states a fact (indicative). Often however, the subjunctive is automatically triggered in the relative clause after a superlative, no matter whether an opinion or a fact is stated.
3. When the relative clause is preceded by one of the following expressions.
l'unique - the only (one)
le seul - the only (one)
le premier - the first (one)
le dernier - the last (one)
il n'y a que - (there is) only
ne...personne - nobody, not anybody
ne...jamais - never
ne...aucun - no, not any
ne...pas de - no, not any
ne...rien - nothing, not anything

246

The Subjunctive
He is looking for someone who is reliable.

Il cherche quelqu'un qui soit fiable.

247

The Subjunctive
Do you know a person who would be willing to help me?

Connaissez-vous une personne qui veuille m'aider?

248

The Subjunctive
Is there something I can do for you?

Y a-t-il quelque chose que je puisse faire pour vous?

249

The Subjunctive
I need a secretary who knows how to speak several foreign languages fluently.

Il me faut une secrétaire qui sache parler couramment plusieurs langues étrangères.

250

The Subjunctive
That is the least one can say.

C'est le moins qu'on puisse dire.

251

The Subjunctive
That is the best film I ever saw.

C'est le meilleur film que j'aie jamais vu.

252

The Subjunctive
This tower is the highest there is in the world.

Cette tour est la plus haute qu'il y a (or: ait) dans le monde.

253

The Subjunctive
I heard that the Great Wall of China is the only monument which is visible from the moon.

Il paraît que la Grande Muraille de Chine est le seul monument qui soit visible depuis la lune.

254

The Subjunctive
He doesn't find anyone who knows how to do it.

Il ne trouve personne qui sache le faire.

255

The Subjunctive
There is no medication that cures this disease.

Il n'y a aucun médicament qui guérisse cette maladie.

256

The Subjunctive
Only God can help us.

Il n'y a que Dieu qui puisse nous aider.

257

The Subjunctive
I don't know any book that is more interesting.

Je ne connais pas de livre qui soit plus intéressant.

258

The Subjunctive
I haven't found anything that I like in this store.

Je n'ai rien trouvé qui me plaise dans ce magasin.

259

The Subjunctive
There is no reason why...should...

Il n'y a aucune raison (pour) que + subjunctive
Il n'y a pas de raison que + subjunctive

260

The Subjunctive
Ther is no reason why we should lose the game.

Il n'y a aucune raison (pour) que nous perdions le match.

261

The Subjunctive`
whoever

qui que

262

The Subjunctive
wherever

où que

263

The Subjunctive
whatever

quoi que
(Don't confuse quoi que with quoique - although)

264

The Subjunctive
Whoever you may be, I have never seen you.

Qui que vous soyez, je ne vous ai jamais vu.

265

The Subjunctive
Wherever you (may) go, I will accompany you.

Qù que tu ailles, je t'accompagnerai

266

The Subjunctive
Whatever you (may) do, I will support you.

Quoi que tu fasses, je te soutiendrai.

267

The Subjunctive
whoever it may be who

qui que ce soit qui

268

The Subjunctive
who(m)ever it may be whom

qui que ce soit que

269

The Subjunctive
whatever it may be which / that

quoi que ce soit que

270

The Subjunctive
Whoever it may be who said that, I don't believe it.

Qui que ce soit qui ait dit cela, je n'en crois rien.

271

The Subjunctive
Whoever it may be whom you know, I don't know him.

Qui que ce soit que vous connaissiez, je ne le connais pas.

272

The Subjunctive
Whatever it may be that one says, remain calm!

Quoi que ce soit qu'on dise, restez calme!

273

The Subjunctive
however + adjective or adverb

si (+adjective or adverb) que

274

The Subjunctive
however + adjective or adverb

quelque (+adjective or adverb) que

275

The Subjunctive
However intelligent you may be, you don't know everything.

Si intelligent que tu sois, tu ne sais pas tout.

276

The Subjunctive
However skillful this man may be, he cannot do everything.

Si habile que soit cet homme, il ne peut pas tout faire.

277

The Subjunctive
whatever (+noun or pronoun) may be

quel que / quelle que / quels que / quelles que
(+ subjunctive of être + noun)
(or: + pronoun + subjunctive of être)

278

The Subjunctive
True nicotine addicts don't stop smoking, whatever the health risk may be.

Les vrais accros de la nicotine ne s'arrêtent pas de fumer, quel que soit le risque pour la santé.

279

The Subjunctive
Whatever the difficulty may be, you must overcome it.

Quelle soit la difficulté, il faut la surmonter.

280

The Subjunctive
Whatever your problemes may be, you must forget them.

Quels que soient vos problèmes, il faut les oublier.

281

The Subjunctive
Parents like all their children, whatever their capabilities may be.

Les parents aiment tous leurs enfants, quelles que soient leurs aptitudes.

282

The Subjunctive
whatever (+singular or plural noun)

quelque (+singular noun) que
quelques (+plural noun) que

283

The Subjunctive
Whatever success you may have, stay modest.

Quelque succès que vous ayez, restez modeste.

284

The Subjunctive
Whatever worries you may have, don't despair.

Quelques soucis que tu aies, ne désespère pas.

285

The Subjunctive
Long live France!

Vive la France!

286

The Subjunctive
So be it! Amen! (at the end of a prayer)

Ainsi sot-il!

287

The Subjunctive
God bless you!

Que Dieu vous bénisse!

288

The Subjunctive
Thank God! God be praised!

Dieu soit loué!

289

The Subjunctive
They will be done.

Que votre volonté soit faite.

290

The Subjunctive
So be it!

Soit! ^(swat)

291

The Subjunctive
Be it as it may.

Quoi qu'il en soit.

292

The Subjunctive
Don't let this stand in the way.

Qu'à cela ne tienne.

293

The Subjunctive
As far as I remember.

Autant que je m'en souvienne.

294

The Subjunctive
As far as I know.

Autant que je sache.

295

The Subjunctive
Not that I know.

Pas que je sache.

296

The Subjunctive
Whether one likes it or not.

Qu'on le veuille ou non.

297

The Subjunctive
No matter what happens.

Quoi qu'il advienne.

298

The Subjunctive
Rain or shine

Qu'il pleuve ou qu'il vente.

299

The Subjunctive
Let's hope (that) it lasts!

Pourvu que ça dure!

300

The Subjunctive
We will go to the beach provided that the weather is good.

Nous irons à la plage pourvu qu'il fasse beau.
(Pourvu at the beginning of the subordinate clause means provided that)

301

The Subjunctive
Let's hope (that) the weather is good tomorrow.

Pourvu qu'il fasse beau demain.

302

The Subjunctive
Don't let that happen again.

Que cela ne se reproduise plus!

303

The Subjunctive
May that serve you as a warning!

Que cela vous serve d'avertissement!

304

The Subjunctive
Let there be light, and there was light.

Que la lumière soit, et la lumière fut.

305

The Subjunctive
Let there be no mistake!

Qu'on ne s'y trompe pas!

306

The Subjunctive
If he wants the CD, let him come and get it!

S'il veut le CD, qu'il vienne le chercher!

307

The Subjunctive
If they don't have bread, let them eat cake.

S'ils n'ont pas de pain, qu'ils mangent de la brioche.