The Imperfect Flashcards Preview

Francais > The Imperfect > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Imperfect Deck (134):
1

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
How is the imperfect formed?

The stem of the imperfect tense of all verbs (except ''être'') is found by dropping the ''-ons'' ending from the ''nous''-form of the present indicative. The imperfect endings are:
-ais
-ais
-ait
-ions
-iez
-aient

2

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
How is the imperfect formed?

The stem of the imperfect tense of all verbs (except ''être'') is found by dropping the ''-ons'' ending from the ''nous''-form of the present indicative. The imperfect endings are:
-ais
-ais
-ait
-ions
-iez
-aient

3

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''aller'' (1st person, singular)

j'allais

4

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''s'asseoir'' (1st person, singular)

je m'asseyais

5

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''avoir'' (1st person, singular)

j'avais

6

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''boire'' (1st person, singular)

Je buvais

7

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''craindre'' (1st person, singular)

je craignais

8

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''croire'' (1st person, singular)

je croyais

9

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''dire'' (1st person, singular)

je disais

10

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''dormir'' (1st person, singular)

je dormais

11

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''faire'' (1st person, singular)

je faisais

12

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''pouvoir'' (1st person, singular)

je pouvais

13

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''recevoir'' (1st person, singular)

je recevais

14

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Give imperfect form of the verb ''rire'' (1st person, singular)

je riais

15

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Which is the only verb that has irregular stem in the imperfect tense?

être
j'étais
tu étais
il était
nous étions
vous étiez
ils étaient

16

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
it was necessary

il fallait

17

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
it was raining

il pleuvait

18

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
it was snowing

il neigeait

19

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
When is the imperfect used?

The imperfect is used to describe habitual, repetitive actions in the past.
f.e Le samedi, nous nous levions tard.
2. The imperfect is used for an action which was in progress for an unknown period of time, or for two actions that were going on simultaneously.
Tout le monde s'amusait.
The imperfect and the passé composé are used in the same sentence when the action in progress serves as background for another action, which took place while the first action was still going on. The interrumpting action is in the passé composé.
Il neigeait quand nous sommes partis.
3. The imperfect is used to give descriptions of people (including the indication of their names and ages) and things (including weather) in the past. In describes what someone or something was like rather than happened.
La jeune femme s'appelait Anne et elle avait vingt ans. Elle était petite et jolie.
4. the imperfect describes mental, physical or emotional states of unlimited duration.
J'ai cru un instant qu'il était fou.
5. The imperfect is used to indicate the time of day, the day of week, the date, the month, the year ans seasons in the past.
Il était dix heures quand je me suis réveillé.
6. The imperfect is used after ''si''
- in exlamations to express a wish
Si seulement j'étais riche.
- in questions to express a suggestion made in the present (English: What if...? How about...-ing?)
Si on dînait ensemble? - what if we had dinner together?
7. The imperfect is the only past tense used when the following expressions are in a past context.
j'allais sortir - I was going to go out.

20

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
in those days

à l'époque / a cette époque-là

21

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
formerly, in the past

autrefois

22

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
before

avant

23

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every summer / winter

chaque été / hiver

24

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every week / year

chaque semaine / année

25

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
each time

chaque fois que

26

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every day

chaque jour

27

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every month

chaque mois

28

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
from time to time

de temps en temps

29

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
all the time

tout le temps

30

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
usually

d'habitude

31

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
generally

généralement

32

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
on Mondays/on Tuesdays, etc.

le lundi / le mardi, etc.

33

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
when I was a teenager

quand j'étais adolescent(e)

34

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
when I was a child

quand j'étais enfant

35

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
when I was young

quand j'étais jeune

36

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
when I was little

quand j'étais petit(e)

37

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
when I was student

quand j'étais étudiant(e)

38

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
sometimes

quelquefois / parfois

39

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
often

souvent

40

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
rarely

rarement

41

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
never

jamais

42

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
frequently

fréquemment

43

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
toujours

always

44

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every year

tous les ans

45

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every day/month

tous le jours / mois

46

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every morning

tous les matins

47

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every evening

tous le soirs

48

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
every Monday, Tuesday

tous les lundis, mardis

49

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
You koved every year.

Vous déménagiez tous les ans.

50

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
When I was little, I used to have a dog and a cat.

Quand j'étais petit, j'avais un chien et un chat.

51

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
School would start at 8 o'clock every morning.

L'école commençait à huit heures tous les matins.

52

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
she was doing the dishes while the children were playing in the yard.

Elle faisait la vaisselle pendant que les enfants jouaient dans le jardin.

53

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I had been waiting for Paul for an hour when he arrived.

J'attendais Paul depuis une heure quand il est arrivé.

54

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
He had known Eve for two years when he married her.

Il connaissait Ève depuis deux ans quand il l'a épousée.

55

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Last Monday, she turned sixty.

Elle a eu soixante ans lundi dernier.
(Whe used with age, the passé composé expresses to turn a certain age)

56

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
The weather was good for a week.

Il a fait beau pendant une semaine.
(With weather, the passé composé is used when a specific or limited time is mentioned.)

57

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Suddenly, he was (=became) afraid.

Tout à coup, il a eu peur.

58

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
It was winter.

C'était l'hiver.

59

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
It was the 25th of January.

C'était le 25 janvier.

60

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
How about having a drink?

Si on prenait un verre?

61

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
to be going to (do sth)

aller+inf

62

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I was going to go out.

J'allais sortir.

63

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
to have just (done sth)

venir de + inf.

64

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
He had just come home.

Il venait de rentrer.

65

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
to be in a process of (doing sth)

être en train de + inf

66

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
We were in the process of eating.

Nous étions en train de manger.

67

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
to be about to (do sth)

être sur le point de + inf

68

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
They were about to leave.

Ils étaient sur le point de partir.

69

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
We spent our vacation in Paris every summer.

Nous passions nos vacances à Paris chaque été.

70

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Last summer, we spent our vacation in Paris.

L'été dernier, nous avons passé nos vacances à Paris.

71

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I used to (would) visit my parents every day.

J'allais voir mes parents tous les jours.

72

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Between May and August, I visited my parents three times.

Entre mais et âout, je suis allé voir mes parents trois fois.

73

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
In those days, I lived in Switzerland.

À la époque, j'habitais en Suisse.

74

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I lived in Switzerland for four years.

J'ai habité en Suisse pendant quatre ans.

75

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
The weather was beautiful.

Il faisait beau.

76

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
The weather was beautiful in September.

Il a fait beau en septembre.

77

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
It was snowing when the plane landed.

Il neigeait quand l'avion a atterri.

78

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
When I was little, I believed in Santa Claus.

Quand j'étais petit, je croyais au père Noël.

79

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
While I was reading my sister was playing.

Pendant que je lisais, ma soeur jouait.

80

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I got up, I took a shower and I left.

Je me suis levé, j'ai pris une douche et je suis parti.

81

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
When I was little, I believed in Santa Claus.

Quand j'étais petit, je croyais au père Noël.

82

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
When I woke up, I believed that the earth was shaking.

Quand je me suis reveillé(e), j'ai cru que la terre tremblait.

83

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I thought I would never have any children.

Je pensais ne jamais avoir d'enfants.

84

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
For a moment, I thought I would never have any children.

Un moment, j'ai pensé ne jamais avoir d'enfants.

85

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
He was thirsty.

Il avait soif.

86

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Suddenly, he got thirsty.

Tout à coup, il a eu soif.

87

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
We were tired.

Nous étions fatigués.

88

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
We were tired at that moment.

Nous avons été fatigués à ce moment-là.

89

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
She was slim and pretty.

Elle était mince et jolie.

90

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
She fell on the stairs.

Elle est tombée dans l'escalier.

91

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
She was fifteen (years old).

Elle avait quinze ans.

92

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
My daughter turned twelve yesterday.

Ma fille a eu douze ans hier.

93

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I always used to pay my bills on time (but I no longer do).

Je payais toujours mes factures à temps.

94

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I have always paid my bills on time (and I still do).

J'ai toujours payé mes factures à temps.

95

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I had

j'avais

96

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I became, I got, I received

j'ai eu

97

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I had my driver's license.

J'avais mon permis de conduire.

98

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I got my driver's license.

J'ai eu mon permis de conduire.

99

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I was

j'étais

100

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I went

j'ai été

101

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I went

j'ai été

102

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Yesterday, I was in Lyon.

Hier, j'étais à Lyon.

103

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Yesterday, I went to Lyon.

Hier, j'ai été à Lyon.

104

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I went

j'ai été

105

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Yesterday, I was in Lyon.

Hier, j'étais à Lyon.

106

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
Yesterday, I went to Lyon.

Hier, j'ai été à Lyon.

107

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I was supposed to, I owed.

je devais

108

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I had to

j'ai dû

109

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
He was supposed to do it.

Il devait le faire.

110

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
He had to do it.

Il a dû le faire.

111

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I knew

je savais

112

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
j'ai su

I found out

113

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I knew where he lived.

Je savais où il habitait.

114

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I found out where he lived.

J'ai su où il habitait.

115

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I knew

je connaissais

116

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I met (for the first time)

j'ai connu

117

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I knew this man.

Je connaissais cet homme.

118

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I met this man yesterday.

J'ai connu cet homme hier.

119

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I wanted (state of mind)

je voulais

120

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I wanted (=I tried)

j'ai voulu

121

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I wanted to call you.

Je voulais vous appeler.

122

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I tried to call you.

J'ai voulu vous appeler.

123

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I didn't want.

je ne voulais pas

124

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I didn't want to (=I refused to and didn't )

je n'ai pas voulu.

125

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I didn't want to come.

Je ne voulais pas venir.

126

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I didn't want to come (=refused) to come.

Je n'ai pas voulu venir.

127

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I could (had the possibility)

je pouvais

128

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I could (and did)

j'ai pu

129

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I could go there.

Je pouvais y aller.

130

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I could go there (=I succeeded in going there).

J'ai pu y aller.

131

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I couldn't

je ne pouvais pas

132

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I couldn't (=I failed to after trying)

je n'ai pas pu

133

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I couldn't do it.

Je ne pouvais pas le faire.

134

The Imperfect (l'imparfait)
I couldn't do it (although I tried)

Je n'ai pas pu le faire.