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Flashcards in The Imperative Deck (77):
1

The imperative
How do you find the imperative in French?

One takes the ''tu'', ''nous'', ''vous'' forms of the present indicative and drobs the subject pronouns. This rule holds for all regular and irregular verbs except for ''être'', ''avoir'' and ''savoir'' which have irregular imperatives. With all ''-er'' ending verbs, as well as with those ''-ir'' ending verbs which are conjugated like ''-er'' in the present tense (''ovrir'', ''couvrir'') one also drops the ''s'' from the second person singular verb form.

2

The imperative
give!

donne!

3

The imperative
let's give!

donnons!

4

The imperative
give! (formal, 2nd person plural)

donnez!

5

The imperative
finish!

finis!

6

The imperative
let's finish!

finissons!

7

The imperative
finish! (formal, 2nd person plural)

finissez!

8

The imperative
wait!

attends!

9

The imperative
let's wait!

attendons!

10

The imperative
attendez! (formal, 2nd person plural)

wait!

11

The imperative
do!

fais!

12

The imperative
let's do!

faisons!

13

The imperative
do! (formal, 2nd person plural)

faites!

14

The imperative
Get home safely!

Rentre bien!

15

The imperative
Speak more slowly!

Parlez moins vite!

16

The imperative
Let's get back to our subject!

Revenons à nos moutons!

17

The imperative
Look after yourself!

Prends soinde toi!

18

The imperative
Please respond!

Répondez s.v.p.

19

The imperative
Let's keep our fingers crossed!

Croisons les doigts!

20

The imperative
Let's eat!

Mangeons!

21

The imperative
Come in!

Entrez!

22

The imperative
Have a seat!

Prenez place!

23

The imperative
Turn to the right!

Tournez à droite!

24

The imperative
Get well soon!

Guéris vite!

25

The imperative
Pack your suitcase!

Fais la valise!

26

The imperative
Push!

Puissez!

27

The imperative
Pull!

Tirez!

28

The imperative
How one form negative imperative?

One surronds the verb with the negative expression (ne...pas, ne...jamais, etc.)

29

The imperative
Don't move!

Ne bouge pas!

30

The imperative
Don't hang up! (Please hold! Stay on the line!)

Ne quittez pas!

31

The imperative
Don't say anything!

Ne dis rien!

32

The imperative
Let's not laugh any more!

Ne rions plus!

33

Which verbs have irregular imperative forms?

¸etre, avoir, savoir, vouloir

34

The imperative
be!
let's be!
be! (formal, 2nd person plural)

sois!
soyons!
soyez!

35

The imperative
have!
let's have!
have! (formal, 2nd person plural)

aie!
ayons!
ayez!

36

The imperative
know!
let's know!
know! (formal, 2nd person plural)

sache!
sachons!
sachez!

37

The imperative
Please give the imperative form of the verb ''vouloir''

veuille!
veuillons!
veuillez!

38

The imperative
Be good! Behave yourself!

Sois sage!

39

The imperative
Welcome!

Soyez le (la) bienveneu(e)!

40

The imperative
Let's be frank!

Soyons francs!

41

The imperative
Trust me! Have faith in me!

Aie confiance en moi!

42

The imperative
Don't be afraid!

N'ayez pas peur!

43

The imperative
Know that I am there for you!

Sachez que je suis là pour vous!

44

The imperative
Which one of the imperative forms of ''vouloir'' is commonly used?

veuillez

45

The imperative
Please wait!

Veuillez patienter.

46

The imperative
Please have a seat!

Veuillez vous asseoir.

47

The imperative
Sincerely

Veuillez agréer, Madame, l'expression de mes sentiments distingués.

48

The imperative
Which form of the verb ''vouloir'' is used in the negative imperative?

veux, voulez

49

The imperative
to be angry with / mad at sb

en vouloir à qqn

50

The imperative
Don't be mad at me!

Ne m'en veux / voulez pas!

51

The imperative
Have a good day!

Bonne journée!

52

The imperative
Have a good evening!

Bonne soirée!

53

The imperative
Have a good afternoon!

Bon après-midi!

54

The imperative
Have a good trip!

Bon voyage!

55

The imperative
Have a nice meal!

Bon appétit!

56

The imperative
Have a good weekend!

Bon week-end!

57

The imperative
Have a good New Year!

Bonne année!

58

The imperative
Have a good vacation!

Bonnes vacances!

59

The imperative
Have a good week!

Bonne semaine!

60

The imperative
Have a nice stay!

Bon séjour!

61

The imperative
What is the position of the reflexive pronoun in the negative imperative?

The reflexive pronoun precedes the verb and the object pronoun if there is one.

62

The imperative
Don't hurry!

Ne te dépêche pas!
Ne vous dépêchez pas!

63

The imperative
Let's not hurry!

Ne nous dépêchons pas!

64

The imperative
Don't go away!

Ne t'en va pas!

65

The imperative
Let's not go away!

Ne nous en allons pas!

66

The imperative
Don't go away!

Ne vous en allez pas!

67

The imperative
What is the position of the reflexive pronoun in the affirmative imperative?

The reflexive pronoun follows the verb and is attached to it by a hyphen. The pronoun ''te'' becomes ''toi'' except before ''en''.

68

The imperative
Hurry!

Dépêche-toi!
Dépêchez-vous!

69

The imperative
Let's hurry!

Dépêchons-nous!

70

The imperative
Sit down!

Assieds-toi!
Asseyez-vous!

71

The imperative
Let's sit down!

Asseyons-nous!

72

The imperative
Go away!

Va-t'en!
Allez-vous-en!

73

The imperative
Let's go away!

Ne nous en allons pas!

74

The imperative
Look after yourself!

Soignez-vous bien!

75

The imperative
Watch out!

Méfiez-vous!

76

The imperative
Imagine!

Imaginez-vous!

77

The imperative
Make yourself comfortable!

Mettez-vous à l'aise!