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Flashcards in The Conditional Deck (102):
1

The Conditional
How is the conditional formed?

To form the conditional one takes the future stem of the verb and adds the endings of the imperfect tense:
-ais,
-ais,
-ait,
-ions
-iez,
-aient.

2

The Conditional
Which are the spelling changes in the conditional?

The same that occur in the simple future.

3

The Conditional
I would go (I would go away)

j'irais

4

The Conditional
I would sit down.

je m'assiérais (or j'assoirais)

5

The Conditional
I would have

j'aurais

6

The Conditional
I would beat

j'battrais

7

The Conditional
I would drink

je boirais

8

The Conditional
I would drive

je conduirais

9

The Conditional
I would know

je connaîtrais

10

The Conditional
I would fear

je craindrais

11

The Conditional
I would believe

je croirais

12

The Conditional
I ought to, I should

je devrais

13

The Conditional
I would say

je dirais

14

The Conditional
I would sleep

je dormirais

15

The Conditional
I would write

j'écrirais

16

The Conditional
I would send

j'enverrais

17

The Conditional
I would be

je serais

18

The Conditional
I would do

je ferais

19

The Conditional
it would be necessary

il faudrait

20

The Conditional
I would read

je lirais

21

The Conditional
I would put

je mettrais

22

The Conditional
I would die

je mourrais

23

The Conditional
I would be born

je naîtrais

24

The Conditional
I would open

j'ouvrirais

25

The Conditional
I would please

je plairais

26

The Conditional
it would rain

il pleuvrait

27

The Conditional
Iwould be able, I could

je pourrais

28

The Conditional
I would take

je prendrais

29

The Conditional
I would receive

je recevrais

30

The Conditional
I would laugh

je rirais

31

The Conditional
I would know

je saurais

32

The Conditional
I would follow

je suivrais

33

The Conditional
I would hold

je tiendrais

34

The Conditional
I would be worth

je vaudrais

35

The Conditional
I would come

je viendrais

36

The Conditional
I would see

je voirais

37

The Conditional
I would see

je verrais

38

The Conditional
I would like

je voudrais

39

The Conditional
there would be

il y aurait

40

The Conditional
it would be better

il vaudrait mieux

41

The Conditional
Which are the three irregular verbs that have a special meaning in the present conditional?

je voudrais (I would like)
je devrais (I ought to, should)
je pourrais (I could)

42

The Conditional
When is the conditional used?

1. Indicates (as in English) a possibility or eventuality
Ce serait un dommage. - That would be a shame.
2. Expresses (as in English) a subdued wish or desire (withe the verbs ''aimer'' and ''vouloir'')
J'aimerais avoir deux enfants.
3. Makes (as in English) a request more polite (with verbs as ''vouloir'', ''pouvoir'', ''avoir'', ''savoir'' and ''connaître'')
Je voudrais une tasse de café s'il vous plait.
4. Expresses a suggestion or an advice and, withe the verb ''devoir'', an obligation (English: should, ought to).
À votre place, je ne suivrais pas son conseil.
5. Is always used after the conjunction ''au cas où'' (in case). (Englishe uses the present tense)
Voilà mon numéro de téléphone, au cas où vous auriez besoin de moi.
6. As its name indicates, the present conditional is mainly used to describe what would happen under a certain condition. This condition (which is not fulfilled at the moment of the statement, but could be fulfilled in the future) is usually introduced be si=if. In such sentences, the verb in the si-clause is in the imperfect, and the verb in the main clause is in the present conditional. The si-clause can be either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.
Si j'étais malade, j'irais chez le médecin.
7. Is used (as in English) in a subordinate clause after the conjunction ''que'' (that) and after ''si'' (whether) to express an action or situation that ocurred later in time than the verb in the main clause, if this verb is in a past tense. Here, the conditional indicates a future action in the past.
Je savais qu'il viendrait.
8. Is used as the conditional of the press to report alleged facts.
Il y a eu un tremblement de terre en Grèce hier soir. Il y aurait des milliers de victimes.
9. In formal French, the present conditional of ''savoir'' is the equivalent of ''pouvoir'' (can, be able to) when used in a negative sentence before an infinitive. ''Pas'' is omitted in these expressions.
Je ne saurais vous le dire.
Je ne saurais répondre à cette question.

43

The Conditional
What would I do without you?

Qu'est-ce que je ferais sans toi?

44

The Conditional
How would I know it?

Comment est-ce que je le suarais?

45

The Conditional
Could you close the window?

Pourriez-vous fermer la fenêtre?

46

The Conditional
Could I ask you a question?

Est-ce que je pourrais vous poser une question?

47

The Conditional
Would you (happen to) have the time?

Auriez-vous l'heure?

48

The Conditional
Would you (happen to) know where Fabrot street is?

Sauriez-vous où se trouve la rue Fabrot?

49

The Conditional
Would you know a good bistro nearby?

Connaîtriez-vous un bon bistro près d'ici?

50

The Conditional
You should read this novel.

Tu devrais lire ce roman.

51

The Conditional
You should (ought to) think about it.

Vous devriez y réfléchir.

52

The Conditional
I would be happy if you came tonight.

Je serais content(e) si vous veniez ce soir.

53

The Conditional
What would you say if you were in my position?

Qu'est-ce que tu dirais si tu étais à ma place?

54

The Conditional
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.

Si je gagnais à la loterie, je ferais le tour du monde.

55

The Conditional
She said that she would call.

Elle a dit qu'elle téléphonerait.

56

The Conditional
They asked me whether I would go the party.

Ils m'ont demandé si j'irais à la soirée.

57

The Conditional
would rather

aimer mieux (+infinitive)

58

The Conditional
I'd rather go shopping than stay at home.

J'aimerais mieux faire des courses que rester à la maison.

59

The Conditional
had better

faire mieux (+de+infinitive)

60

The Conditional
You had better be quiet.

Tu ferais mieeux de te taire.

61

The Conditional
They would go to church every Sunday.

Ils allaient à l'église tous les dimanches.

62

The Conditional
Would you please close the door?

Voulez-vous (or: Voudriez-vous) fermer la porte?

63

The Conditional
He wouldn't tell me.

Il n'a pas voulu me le dire.

64

The Conditional
Could you do me a favor?

Pourriez-vous me rendre un service?

65

The Conditional
I wonder whether he could help us.

Je me demande s'il pourrait nous aider.

66

The Conditional
I tried to sleep but I couldn't

J'ai essayé de dormir, mais je n'ai pas pu.

67

The Conditional
I couldn't understand what he was saying.

Je ne pouvais pas (or: je n'ai pas pu) comprendre ce qu'il disait.

68

The Conditional
How is the past conditional formed?

The past conditional is a compound tense formed by using the present conditional of ''avoir'' or ''être'' and the past participle of the verb. The past conditional follows the same rules as the passé composé as far as the agreement of the past participle is concerned.

69

The Conditional
Which are the three irregular verbs that have a special meaning in the past conditional?

j'aurais voulu - I would have liked
j'aurais dû - I should have
j'aurais pu - I could have

70

The Conditional
I would have liked to be a nurse.

J'aurais voulu être infirmière.

71

The Conditional
You should have known it.

Tu aurais dû le savoir.

72

The Conditional
He could have done it.

Il aurait pu le faire.

73

The Conditional
there would have been

il y aurait eu

74

The Conditional
it would have been necessary

il y aurait fallu

75

The Conditional
it would have been better

il aurait mieux valu

76

The Conditional
When is the past conditional used?

1. As in english, the past conditional expresses a possibility or eventuality in the past.
Tôt ou tard, les gens l'auraient su. (Sooner or later, people would have found it)
2. Is used after ''au cas où''
Au cas où vous auriez perdu votre montre, vous pourriez emprunter la mienne.
3. Frequently expresses a reproach or regret about an action that was not performed in the past (often with the verbs ''devoir'', ''vouloir'' and ''pouvoir'')
Il aurait dû s'excuser.
4. Describes what would have happened in the past under a certain condition. This condition (mentioned in a si (if) clause) was not met and can no longer be fulfilled. In such sentences, the verb in the si-clause is in the pluperfect, and the verb in the main clause is in the past conditional. the si-clause can be at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.
Si tu étais parti plus tôt, tu n'aurais pas manqué l'avion.
5. Is used in a subordinate clause after the conjunction ''que'' (that) and after ''si'' (whether) to express an action or situation that ocurred later in time than the verb in the main clause, if this verb is in a past tense. Here, the conditional indicates a future action in the past.
J'étais sûr qu'il serait parti avant mon retour.
6. escribes a past action or situation the certainty of which has not been confirmed. Like the present conditional, it is widely used by the news media to report alleged facts.
Frédéric II aurait invité Voltaire au château de Sans-Souci avec le message codé.

77

The Conditional
She would have been happy if she had received an award.

Elle aurait été contente si elle avait reçu un prix.

78

The Conditional
They believed that we would have been angry.

Ils ont cru que nous aurions été fâches.

79

The Conditional
He was wandering whether he could have gone there.

Il se demandait s'il aurait pu y aller.

80

The Conditional
We didn't know whether we would have managed to do it.

Nous ne savions pas si nous serions arrivés à la faire.

81

The Conditional
And Voltaire allegedly answered him...

Et Voltaire lui aurait répondu...

82

The Conditional
Which are the three most common tense sequences in conditional sentences?

SI CLAUSE - MAIN CLAUSE
present tense + future tense
imperfect + present conditional
pluperfect + past conditional

83

The Conditional
Which are possible tense sequences in conditional sentences with si-clause in present tense?

présent + présent
+ futur
+ futur proche
+ futur antérieur
+ impératif

84

The Conditional
Which are possible tense sequences in conditional sentences with si-clause in passé composé?

passé composé + présent
+ futur
+ futur proche
+ futur antérieur
+ impératif
+ imparfait
+ passé compsé

85

The Conditional
Which are possible tense sequences in conditional sentences with si-clause in imparfait?

imparfait + conditionnel présent
+ conditionnel passé

86

The Conditional
Which are possible tense sequences in conditional sentences with si-clause in plus-que-parfait?

plus-que-parfait + conditionnel passé
+ conditionnel présent

87

The Conditional
If I am tired I sit down.

Si je suis fatigué, je m'assieds.

88

The Conditional
If there is an earthquake, we will be afraid.

S'il y a un tremblement de terre, nous aurons peur.

89

The Conditional
If it's OK with you, we are going to leave in one hour.

Si vous êtes d'accord, nous allons partir dans une heure.

90

The Conditional
If you don't start right away, you will not have finished on time.

Si tu ne commences pas tout de suit, tu n'auras pas fini à temps.

91

The Conditional
If you go to the bakery, buy a baguette.

Si tu vas à la boulangerie, achète une baguette.

92

The Conditional
If my parents left on time, they are now in Paris.

Si mes parents sont partis à l'heure, ils sont maintenant à Paris.

93

The Conditional
If he took the plane, he will be in France tonight.

S'il a pris l'avion, il sera en France ce soir.

94

The Conditional
If you did that, you are going to be in trouble.

Si tu a fait cela, tu vas avoir des ennuis.

95

The Conditional
If he already started, he will be finished soon.

S'il a déjà commencé, il aura bientôt fini.

96

The Conditional
If you arrived late, apologize.

Si vous êtes arrivé en retard, excusez-vous.

97

The Conditional
If he didn't say anything, he didn't know what to say.

S'il n'a rien dit, il ne savait pas quoi dire.

98

The Conditional
If he went to Italy, he surely had good weather.

S'il est allé en Italie, il a sûrement eu du beau temps.

99

The Conditional
If it rained, I would stay at home.

S'il pleuvait, je resterais à la maison.

100

The Conditional
If you had children, you would have acted like me.

Si vous aviez des enfants, vous auriez agi comme moi.

101

The Conditional
If I had earned a lot of money, I would have gone to Hawaii.

Si j'avais gagné beaucoup d'argent, je serais allé à Hawaï.

102

The Conditional
If I had not seen the film, I would be sad.

Si je n'avais pas vu le film, je serais triste.