PT Test 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 14 Deck (15):
1

unilateral

one side

2

bilateral

both sides

3

supine

lying face up

4

prone

lying face down

5

Which muscle is an antagonist of the hamstrings?

Iliopsoas

6

Which of the following physiological changes does NOT occur when a client improves aerobic
capacity?

A. The muscles will be able to extract more oxygen from the blood.
B. Total lung volume will increase in proportion to the total accumulated time of high-intensity
exercise.
C. The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood will increase.
D. The amount of air the lungs can take in will increase because of increases in the rate and depth
of breathing.
Answer: B

7

As the intensity of dynamic exercise increases, which of the following sets of responses occurs?

A. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure increase.
B. Heart rate and systolic blood pressure increase, diastolic pressure remains unchanged.
C. Heart rate and systolic blood pressure increase, stroke volume and cardiac output remain the
same.
D. Stroke volume decreases, heart rate and cardiac output increase.
Answer: B

8

From a seated position, with dumbbells to the sides, raising the dumbbells laterally to shoulder
level with elbows slightly flexed, exercises primarily the _______:

A. bicep brachii and latisimus dorsi
B. posterior deltoid
C. anterior deltoid and triceps brachii
D. middle deltoid.
Answer: D

9

Type II muscle fibers

Are recruited at a higher percentage of maximum force than Type I fibers

10

Which of the following is a normal blood pressure (BP) response to aerobic exercise?

A. Both systolic and diastolic BP increase proportionately to increases in workload.
B. Systolic BP increases and diastolic BP decreases.
C. Systolic BP increases proportionately to increases in workload and diastolic BP remains
unchanged or decreases slightly.
D. Systolic and diastolic BP both decrease at the onset of exercise, then increase in proportion to the increase in intensity.
Answer: C

11

Which rotator cuff muscle abducts the arm?

Supraspinatus

12

Under which of the following circumstances would you expect to see the highest rise in blood
lactate?

A. During maximal exercise lasting between 60 and 180 seconds in the untrained client
B. Prior to treadmill walking in the cardiac patient
C. During maximal exercise lasting between 60 and 180 seconds in the athlete
D. After moderate intensity cycling exercise in the client with Type 2 diabetes
Answer: C

13

Typical movements in the weight room such as a biceps curl using free weights and leg press
actions using a machine are best described as ____________ muscle actions.

isotonic

14

Which of the following is characterized as a plane (uniaxial) joint?

Sacroiliac

15

Which of the following indicates the reason why a female who is pregnant should avoid exercise in
the supine position after the first trimester?

A. obstruction of arterial blood flow
B. risk of orthostatic hypotension due to obstructed venous return
C. obstruction of the diaphragm
D. risk of decreased oxygen consumption due to pressure on the uterus
Answer: B