PT Test 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 16 Deck (20):
1

The ACSM recommended exercise prescription for developing and maintaining muscular strength
and endurance for health and fitness includes a minimum of:

1 set of 8-12 repetitions using 8-10 exercises that train the major muscle groups of the upper
and lower body.

2

As the percentage of 1 RM (Repetition Maximum) resistance increases

the number of repetitions until fatigue decreases

3

Which of the following describes a Valsalva maneuver performed during a free weight biceps curl?

expiration of air against a closed glottis

4

A client exercising at a level 15 on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion Scale is likely to describe
the exercise as ____________ .

Hard

5

Which of the following is the correct energy expenditure in METs associated with an exercise
oxygen uptake of 28 ml·kg-1·min-1?

8

6

What of the following is the formula for calculating the heart rate reserve?

Client's maximum heart rate, minus their resting heart rate

7

What is the minimum duration of an intermittent bout of aerobic activity that may be accumulated
throughout the day?

10 minutes

8

Case study: A new client who has been resistance training for 6 months, comes to you with a goal
of increasing muscular size. Following health appraisal and fitness testing including a modified 1
RM test, you design a program to meet the client's goal. Which of the following regimens best
defines an appropriate plan to achieve this client's goal?

4-6 sets of 6-12 repetitions at 85% 1 RM

9

The Valsalva maneuver may elicit which of the following physiological responses during the
concentric phase of a resistance training repetition?

Increased intrathoracic pressure and increased systolic blood pressure

10

Which of the following is the term used for a training regimen that begins with rapid eccentric
muscle action followed by concentric action of the same muscle?

Plyometrics

11

Which of the following indicate the appropriate height range for performing depth jump training
effectively and safely?

16 to 42 inches (41 to 107 cm)

12

Case Study: Your new client is a 38-year old female that wants to be able to participate in a 3-day
charity walk. Her ultimate goal is to gradually improve her cardiovascular fitness. Which of the
following exercise programs should you initially prescribe to best meet your client's needs?

3-5 days a week, 20-60 minutes in duration, 40-85% HRR

13

Case Study: A female client expresses an interest in joining a recreational crew team. She hires
ACSM 010-111 Exam
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you to train her to withstand the demands of the sport. You design a resistance training program
that includes low reps, 4-6 sets of high intensity squats and seated row within a comprehensive
resistance training program. You gradually increase her sets and load/intensity. In addition, you
have included sprints and long distance swimming in her overall program plan. Which of the
following training principles have you incorporated?

specificity, overload and variation

14

With respect to the exercise prescription for children (defined as < 13 years), it can be said tha

adult guidelines for resistance training can generally be applied

15

An exercise prescription for your pregnant client should include _____.

dynamic, rhythmic activities that use the large muscle groups

16

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the warm-up and cool-down components of
the exercise training session?

Cool-down should approximate an intensity that is between 40 and 60% of VO2R

17

Neural mechanisms responsible for adaptations in strength and power include all of the following
EXCEPT an increased _____.

A. motor unit recruitment
B. antagonist muscle coactivation
C. motor unit firing rate
D. fast-twitch fiber recruitment
Answer: B

18

General guidelines to follow when prescribing resistance training exercise to the client with arthritis
include which of the following?

regimens with a frequency of 2-3 days per week

19

Which of the following factors affect intensity of lower body plyometric drills?

speed, height of the drill, and body weight

20

Which of the following indicates the correct order for a traditional periodization program for
resistance training?

hypertrophy, strength/power, peaking, recovery