PT Test 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 17 Deck (20):
1

What motivational strategy is used to help an individual reframe negative statements into positive
statements?

Cognitive restructuring

2

When discussing strategies for changing physical activity habits with clients, it is usually best to:

assist clients to formulate their own behavior change strategies based on what has worked for
them before

3

Stimulus control as a behavioral strategy to enhance exercise adherence can best be described
as:

Utilizing environmental cues to remind participants to maintain their commitment to exercise

4

An individual participates regularly in his workplace fitness program because he earns a discount
on his health insurance premium for doing so. For this individual, the discount is an example of

Extrinsic motivation

5

Which of the following theories addresses the human need to explain why things happen in an
attempt to gain control or increase predictability?

Attribution

6

Case study: After demonstrating a variety of weight training exercises to a new client, you ask if
she has any questions. The client does not have any questions even though you observe her
performing an exercise with improper form.
After re-teaching the exercise, you should then reframe your questions to be more specific in order
to __________________________.

check for understanding

7

The acronym IDEA includes which of the following steps to solve a problem?

Developing a list of solutions

8

Your client is telling you about his progress during the past week. You do not quite understand
what the client is trying to convey. You restate what the client just told you and ask him/her if that
is correct. Which of the following terms define the communication strategy described in the above
scenario?

reflecting

9

What is the initial American College of Sports Medicine risk stratification of a 57 year old female
client who has a blood pressure of 150/70 mm Hg and a total serum cholesterol of 240 mg/dL (6.2
mmol/L)?

Moderate risk

10

A sedentary 48 year old male with controlled hypertension has hired you to assist him with
beginning a marathon training program. Which level of pre-participation screening must a certified
Personal Trainer require?

Medical examination performed by his physician before he begins

11

The risk of developing a myocardial infarction increases when there is a family history of
myocardial infarction or sudden death before the ages of:

55 years of age in a first-degree male relative; 65 years of age in a first-degree female relative

12

What is the standard site for the measurement of the subscapular skinfold?

One centimeter below the inferior angle of the scapula

13

What are the most commonly used modes for cardiovascular exercise testing?

Treadmill, cycle ergometer, and bench stepping

14

Mr. Smith wishes to enroll in your exercise program. Preliminary evaluation revealed the following
ACSM 010-111 Exam
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information:
Age = 50 years Resting heart rate = 78 beats/min
Weight = 198 lb (90 kg) Resting blood pressure = 162/94 mm Hg
Height = 70 inches (178 cm) Body fat = 30%
Blood chemistry:
Total cholesterol = 240 mg/dl (6.21 mmol/L)
HDL cholesterol = 34 mg/dl (0.88 mmol/L)
Triglycerides = 180 mg/dl (2.03 mmol/L)
Glucose = 98 mg/dl (5.55 mmol/L)
Family history and current habits:
Father died of heart attack at 90 years of age
Hypertensive mother died at age 84
Smokes a pipe after dinner each evening
Smokes cigarettes (25-30 per day)
Reports too much work and is struggling to meet deadlines
Currently doing moderate exercise
No medications at present
According to ACSM stratification guidelines, Mr. Smith has which of the following coronary artery
disease risk factors?

Hypertension, high total cholesterol, smoking

15

Of the nine possible skinfold sites, which three sites are measured on a diagonal fold?

Chest, subscapular, suprailiac

16

What is the difference between absolute and relative contraindication

Absolute contraindications prevent the individual from any/all exercise testing and prescription whereas relative contraindications allow for some testing and participation.

17

What is the appropriate sequence for fitness testing?

Body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness, flexibility

18

What factors should be taken into account when determining appropriate exercise test and mode?

Age, health history, lifestyle

19

Which of the following risk factors for coronary heart disease enables you to subtract one risk
factor from the total amount of positive risk factors?

High serum HDL cholesterol > 60 mg/dl (1.6mmol/L)

20

What was the purpose of the original Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion?

To determine the level of fatigue during exercise