PT Test 3 Flashcards Preview

ACSM > PT Test 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PT Test 3 Deck (20):
1

Which rotator cuff muscle abducts the arm?

Supraspinatus

2

Which energy system has the highest capacity for ATP production?

Oxidative phosphorylation

3

What plane divides the body into upper and lower sections?

Transverse

4

When performing neck flexion in the sagittal plane, which of the following exercises best mimics
that movement?

Somersault

5

Under which of the following circumstances would you expect to see the highest rise in blood
lactate?

During maximal exercise lasting between 60 and 180 seconds in the athlete

6

Typical movements in the weight room such as a biceps curl using free weights and leg press
actions using a machine are best described as ____________ muscle actions

isotonic

7

The latissimus dorsi acts as the prime mover during the concentric phase of which of the following
exercises?

lat pulldown

8

Which of the following bones facilitate movement of the chest during both inspiration and
expiration?

clavicle

9

Which of the following is characterized as a plane (uniaxial) joint?

Sacroiliac

10

Which of the following indicates the reason why a female who is pregnant should avoid exercise in
the supine position after the first trimester?

risk of orthostatic hypotension due to obstructed venous return

11

As a response to a progressive resistance training program, which of the following demonstrates
the predominant contribution to an increase in cross-sectional area of a muscle?

hypertrophy and possibly hyperplasia

12

What is an appropriate precaution and/or modification for exercising in higher ambient
temperatures?

Select proper loose fitting, lightweight clothing

13

What is the intensity recommendation for the initial conditioning stage of a cardiovascular
program?

40% to 60% of heart rate reserve

14

Approximately how long is the initial conditioning phase of a cardiovascular training program?

Four weeks

15

What is the American College of Sports Medicine's recommendation regarding frequency to
increase cardiorespiratory fitness?

Three to five days per week

16

What is the variability for any given age, when estimating a client's age-predicted maximum heart
rate?

10 to 12 beats per minute

17

What is the formula to determine 60% of heart rate reserve?

Maximum heart rate - resting heart rate x 60% + resting heart rate

18

A 50 year old client has a resting heart rate of 70 beats per minute. Calculate the exercise heart
rate for this client using 50% of heart rate reserve.

120 beats per minute

19

When should a client exhale during performance of a bench press?

During the concentric phase of the movement

20

What health-related physical fitness component is primarily emphasized in a circuit training
program that has 30 stations, 60 seconds per station, at 25% of one repetition maximum?

Muscular Endurance