PT Test 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PT Test 15 Deck (18):

As a response to a progressive resistance training program, which of the following demonstrates
the predominant contribution to an increase in cross-sectional area of a muscle?

hypertrophy and possibly hyperplasia


What is the intensity recommendation for the initial conditioning stage of a cardiovascular

40% to 60% of heart rate reserve


Approximately how long is the initial conditioning phase of a cardiovascular training program?

Four weeks


What is the formula to determine 60% of heart rate reserve?

Maximum heart rate - resting heart rate x 60% + resting heart rate


When should a client exhale during performance of a bench press?

During the concentric phase of the movement.


What health-related physical fitness component is primarily emphasized in a circuit training
program that has 30 stations, 60 seconds per station, at 25% of one repetition maximum?

Muscular Endurance


Which of the following is NOT a principle of training?

A. Overload
B. Specificity
C. Reversibility
D. Concentration
Answer: D


What is the first phase of an annual training cycle?



What resistance training method is described by a light to heavy or heavy to light progression of



What resistance training method is being used when the client is performing a set of bicep curls
immediately followed by triceps pushdowns?



What is the predominant factor causing increases in strength during the initial weeks of training?

Improvements in neuromuscular adaptation


Which of the following exercise program variables describes a change in intensity?

A. Changing activity from treadmill to stair-stepper.
B. Increasing a treadmill incline by five degrees.
C. Increasing the number of workout days from two to three per week.
D. Increasing treadmill running time from 20 to 30 minutes.
Answer: B


What happens to the muscle during isometric tension development?

No change in the length of the muscle


Which of the following exercises works best in isolating the soleus muscle?

A. Standing heel raises
B. Seated ankle extensions with the knees straight
C. Seated heel raises with bent (flexed) knees
D. Half squats with external rotation of the hip joint
Answer: C


When doing a push-up on the floor, the motion at the elbow joint during the down phase is called
________ and the type of muscle action is called ________.

flexion, eccentric


Which of the following muscle groups must be strengthened in order to maintain a healthy back?

Abdominals, hip extensors and erector spinae


Which of the following correctly describes the technique used in PNF (Proprioceptive
Neuromuscular Facilitation)?

A contract-relax sequence to relax the muscle stretch reflex mechanism.


An appropriate exercise to develop muscle endurance for the ________ is ________ .

A. quadriceps; one set of 15 knee flexions at low resistance.
B. triceps; one set of 15 repetitions of arm curls at low resistance.
C. wrist flexors; one set of 15 repetitions of wrist curls at low resistance.
D. hip abductors; one set of 15 repetitions of half-squats at low resistance.
Answer: C